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STEAM BOWING PROCEDURE OF STAGE # 1

OBJECTIVE AND PRINCIPLE OF STEAM BLOWING


STEPS INVOLVED IN STEAM BLOWING ( WITH PATH DIAGRAM)
PROCEDURE OF PRE-STEP STEAM BLOWING
PROCEDURE OF MAIN STEP STEAM BLOWING
COMPLETION CRITERIAN OF STEAM BLOWING
PHOTOS OF SIPAT U # 1 STEAM BLOWING

OBJECTIVE
The purpose of steam line blowing is to remove pipe slag, weld bead deposits and other foreign
material from the main and reheat steam systems prior to turbine operation. The cleaning is
accomplished by subjecting the piping systems to heating, blowing steam and cooling cycles in
sufficient number and duration until clean steam is obtained.

PRINCIPLE OF STEAM BLOWING


To ensure that sufficient cleaning forces are applied to the piping, the steam momentum
during the steam blow must be equal to or greater than the steam momentum at normal
maximum load condition. The Cleaning Force Ratio (CFR) is typically used to evaluate if
satisfactory blow conditions are obtained.

CFR = ( vb / vmcr ) x ( Fb / Fmcr )2 > 1.00


Where

vb

= specific volume at steam blowing condition


vmcr = specific volume at maximum load condition
Fb = steam mass flow rate at blowing condition
Fmcr = steam mass flow rate at maximum load condition

STEPS OF STEAM BLOWING

PRE STEP # 1

: Separator SH - main steam line- Temporary pipe - martyr valve - tailpipe to


atmosphere.

PRE STEP # 2

: Separator - main steam line- HPBP CRH Line CRH Isolator - martyr valve
- tailpipe to atmosphere.

MAIN STEP # 1

: Separator-SH-main steam line-MSV-temporary pipe with martyr-valve-NRV-CRH-RHHRH-IPT Stop Valve-temporary pipe-target-tailpipe to atmosphere

MAIN STEP # 2

: Separator-SH-main steam line-MSV-temporary pipe with martyr-valveNRV-CRHRH-HRH-LP Bypass valve-temporary pipe-tailpipe to atmosphere

PRE STEP
PROCEDURE

Start the Boiler as per normal working principle

Raise the Seaprator Pressure to 40 Ksc

At 40 Ksc Shut all Fuel Burners in service

Stop The BRP Pump

Open The Martyr Valve

Let the pressure fall to 20 Ksc

Close The Martyr Valve

COMPLETION CRITERIA
Clean White Smoke to be observed at the Exhaust of Tail Pipe
NOTE :
CFR < 1.0 AND NO TARGET PLATE IS TO BE USED DURING THIS STEP
First Blow at every Step to be given at much reduced pressure to check the temporary piping
healthiness

MAIN STEP
PROCEDURE

Start the Boiler as per normal working principle

Raise the Seaprator Pressure to 80 Ksc ( SH O/L Temp : 370 C)

At 80 Ksc Shut all Fuel Burners in service

Stop The BRP Pump

Open The Martyr Valve

Let the pressure fall to 40 Ksc

Close The Martyr Valve

Maintain the Separator Storage Tank Level

Light The Boiler For Next Blowing

NOTE :
CFR > 1.0 AND NO TARGET PLATE IS TO BE USED DURING THIS STEP
First Blow at every Step to be given at much reduced pressure to check the temporary piping
healthiness

COMPLETION CRITERIAN
A Target Plate is used to access the impacts of particle during steam Blowing. Steam Blowing
will be declared when

No impacts with an diameter larger than 1 mm


Not more than 4 impacts with an diameter larger than 0.5 mm
Not more than 10 impacts with an diameter of 0.2 to 0.5 mm

Pre Step # 1 : MS Line Steam Blowing

ESV
MSV
Martyr V/v
ESV

MSV

HP Bypass

Final SH

MS Line

CRH Drain
Pot

CRH NRV

IP SV
HRH Line

CRH Line
RH O/L Hdr

Open

Close

Martyr Valve

LP Bypass

Final SH

Martyr V/v

LPBP V/ v

Steam Blow Line


Temporary Line

Pre Step # 2 : HPBP / CRH Line Steam Blowing

ESV
MSV
Martyr V/v

MS Line

ESV
MSV

HP Bypass

CRH Drain
Pot

CRH NRV

IP SV
HRH Line

CRH Line
RH O/L Hdr

Open

Close

Steam Blow Line


Temporary Line

Martyr Valve

LP Bypass

Final SH

Final SH

Martyr V/v

Main Step # 1 : HRH Line Steam Blowing

ESV
MSV
Martyr V/v

MS Line

ESV
MSV

HP Bypass

CRH Drain
Pot

CRH NRV

IP SV
HRH Line

CRH Line
RH O/L Hdr

Open

Close

Steam Blow Line


Temporary Line

Martyr Valve

LP Bypass

Final SH

Final SH

Martyr V/v

Main Step # 2 :LPBP Line Steam Blowing

ESV
MSV
Martyr V/v

MS Line

ESV
MSV

HP Bypass

CRH Drain
Pot

CRH NRV

IP SV
HRH Line

CRH Line
RH O/L Hdr

Open

Close

Steam Blow Line


Temporary Line

Martyr Valve

LP Bypass

Final SH

Final SH

Martyr V/v

From Separator

To Separator

From Separator

STORAGE TANK
SH D.S.H. No1

Click
Here

Sample Cooler

Blow Down Tan

FLASH TANK

MIXING PIECE
WR

BRP

ZR

ECO MIXING LINK

SH COMMN DRAIN LINE


CRH DRAIN LINE
CHEM CLEANING SYS
BLR FILL PUMP
TO ECO

FROM FEED WATER


TO DRAIN HDR

WATER CIRCULATION SYSTEM

Modification # 2
1

To D/A Floor

From Storage Tank

FLASH TANK
ZR
WR

Condensor
From Service Water

Condensor

Dummy
Temporary Connection
To Station Drain