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Jurnalistik Umum

CALLISTASIA ANGGUN WIJAYA

Jurnalismenpekerjaan mengumpulkan,
menulis, mengedit, dan menerbitkan berita
dl surat kabar dsb; kewartawanan;
Jurnalistiknyg menyangkut
kewartawanan dan persuratkabaran

Definition of Journalism

literature in a hurry Jose A. Quirino

Something that embraces all forms in


which and through which the news and
comments on the news reach the public.
All that happens in the world, if such
happenings hold interest for the public,
and all the thought, actions, and ideas
which these happenings stimulate
become the materials for the journalist.F. Fraser Bond

Functions of Journalism
1. Inform the public through the news
coverage
2.Influence and mold the public
opinion
3. Amuse or entertain the public
4. Serve and promote community
welfare as a whole

What is News?
An account of an event, or a fact or an
opinion that interests people.
A presentation of current events
Anything that enough people want to read
is news, provided it meets the standards of
good taste and isnt libelous.

What makes News News?:


6 main reasons
1.

2.

3.

Proximity: Location. Location. Location. If the


event is happening close by, it will have a
greater impact on your readers.
Timeliness: If something is happening NOW, it
has more impact on the reader. The most
recent development in a story can be used as a
feature.
Prominence: If the people in the story are well
known, the story will have more impact on the
reader. Most people are not as impacted if the
story involves people they do not know.

What makes News News?:


6 main reasons
4.

5.

6.

Conflict: Readers are interested in


rivalries, arguments, fights, and
disagreements.
Novelty: If something is unusual, original,
or unique, readers want to know what it is
and why it happened.
Human Interest: If the story evokes
(inspires) emotion in the reader such as
anger, sadness, or happiness, the reader
will have a greater connection with the story
and the story will have a greater impact.

Qualities of a Good
Journalist
1.Resourcefulness- a good journalist is
supposed to be resourceful in order to gain
access credible sources of information and
to gain success to all important event.
2. Critical- in order to separate truth from
propaganda and dogmas that may distort
truth.

Qualities of a Good
Journalist
3. Objective- a journalist is supposed to put
aside personal biases and should not let his
emotions cloud his judgment.
4. Conscientious- a journalist is not
supposed to use his influence in order to
meet personal objectives and should be well
aware of the consequences that may result
from his actions.

The Elements of Journalism


*
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Journalisms first obligation is to the truth.


Its first loyalty is to citizens.
Its essence is a discipline of verification.
Its practitioners must maintain an
independence from those they cover.
It must serve as an independent monitor of
power.
It must provide a forum for public criticism
and compromise.

Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel, The Elements of Journalism: What Newspeople Should kNow and the Publ
Should Expect, Crown Publishers, 2001.

7.

8.

9.

It must strive to make the significant


interesting and relevant.
It must keep the news comprehensive and
proportional.
Its practitioners must be allowed to
exercise their personal conscience.