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Presented By: PRATIK SHAH (8101)

1. Ahimsa- to cause no harm to living beings. 2. Speak the truth- to always speak the truth in a harmless manner 3. Don’t steal- to not take anything that is not willingly given 4. Celibacy- to not indulge in sensual pleasures 5. Renounce attachments- to detach from people, places, and material things

Triple gems of Jainism
 True/right perception - Samyak darshan  Knowledge - gyan charitrani  Conduct - moksha margah

The main Jain prayer (Navkar Mantra)  It salutes the five special categories of souls that have attained Godconsciousness or are on their way to achieving it, to emulate and follow these paths to salvation.

Jain Fundamentals
 Who Created the Universe:
 No one; Matter changes

 Purpose of Life:
 Help each other; Realize one’s own full potential; To manage one’s passions;

 Who controls your actions
 We are responsible for our own actions

 How do we become happy
 By managing our passions (anger, greed, ego, pride)

Jain Fundamentals (cont.) ?
 Why do we pray?
 To celebrate the qualities of perfect Soul

 Science
 Strong correlation with other religions

Why are Jains Vegetarians ?
Non-vegetarian Living - Impact on Ecology  Greenhouse effect
 World's 1.3 billion cows annually produce 100 million tons of methane  Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas which traps 25 times as much solar heat as CO2

 Water Consumption
 Livestock (Cattle, Calves, Hogs, Pigs) production accounts for more than half of all the water consumed in USA.

“ Validated” Treasure in Jainism
• • • • • • “More than • 2500 Years old…” • • Non-Violence Filtered/boiled water Jain mathematics Plant life & Environmentalism Equality towards women Animal Protection Molecules and atoms Compassionate diet/ Vegetarianism Meditation and Yoga – mind

 Shvetambara monks and nuns wear white clothes.  Shvetambaras believe that monks and nuns may wear simple un-stitched white clothes as long as they are not attached to them.  Jain monks and nuns travel on foot.They do not use mechanical transport.

 Male Digambara monks do not wear any clothes and are nude. They practice nonattachment to the body and hence, wear no clothes.  They eat only once a day. The Male Digambar monk (Maharajji) eat standing at one place in their palms without using any utensil.

 Digambars believe that Mahavir was not married, whereas Svetambars believe Mahavir was married and had a daughter.

Holidays for jains
 Paryushan Parva, 10/8 (Digambar/Swetamber) day fasts, and for observe, 10/8 important principles.  Mahavir Janma Kalyanak , Lord Mahavir's birth, it is popularly known as “MahavirJayanti”  Samvatsari Pratikramana ritual - The day for asking everyone's forgiveness.  Diwali , the NIRVANA day of Lord Mahavira

 When a person is aware of approaching death, and feels that s/he has completed all duties, s/he willingly ceases to eat or drink gradually. This form of dying is also called Santhara / Samaadhi.

 The oldest Jain literature is in Shauraseni and Ardha-Magadhi Prakrit  Agams are written in Prakrit

The Jain population in India according to 2001 census is 4,225,053 out of the total population of India 1,028,610,328. The states or regions with largest populations are:            · Maharashtra – 1,301,843 · Rajasthan – 650,493 · Madhya Pradesh – 545,446 · Gujarat – 525,305 · Karnataka – 412,659 · Uttar Pradesh – 207,111 · Delh i – 155,122 · Tamil Nadu – 83,359 It is likely that the actual population of Jains may be significantly higher than the census numbers. The Jain population in USA is estimated to be about 120,000–130,000

Jains in INDIA
 Though the Jains form only 0.42% of the population of India, their contribution to the income tax is 24% of the total tax collected.  Runs 12000 out of 15000 gaushalas  62% of total charity fund  46 % of share brokers  Owns more than 28% of Indian property

Jain hand is the emblem of the Jainism, which symbolizes Ahimsa, nonviolence, the wheel in the center is the wheel of Samsara, the word in the center of the wheel reads “stop.”

Palitana, Gujarat