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Roots absorbed mineral

salts and transported them
to all parts of the plant.

Roots have to transport
water to the plant. Water acts
as a solvent and reactant
in cell metabolism


Transport organic food
materials from
photosynthesis for :
• energy requirement
• growing regions
• storage organ & other parts

Roots transport mineral ions
• required for chlorophyll
• for healthy plant growth
• for development

no nucleus : sieve plate with pores separating the sieve tube cell : allows the flow of dissolved food substances -Companion : only found in flowering plant cells : adjacent and closely associated with the sieve tube cells : has a nucleus. continuous tubes : strengthened by lignin deposited in various patterns. * In flowering plants # conifers and ferns Phloem • transport organic food substances by the leaves during photosynthesis consist -Sieve tube : a cylindrical tube consisting of elongated living sieve tube cells. : don’t have open ends to form a continuous hollow tube. frequently with air spaces between them. : little cytoplasm. hollow. * -Parenchyma : consisting of roughly spherical. .VASCULAR TISSUE consist of Xylem • transport water & mineral ions from roots to the upper parts of plants. dense cytoplasm & many mitochondria : transport manufactured food(sucrose & amino acids) from the leaf cells into the sieve tubes. *# -Tracheids : less efficient in conducting water. • give mechanical transport (xylem vessel) consist * -Vessel : long. : consist of dead cells : no protoplasm to obstruct the flow of water.





small amount through the cuticle & lenticels in woody stems. upwards or downwards of soluble food material by the phloem. • mostly lost through the stomata of leaves.TRANSLOCATION • two directional transport.the survival of a plant ( sugars and amino acids are transported to growing regions for growth and development) . • Importance : TRANSPORT OF SUBSTANCES IN PLANTS .for metabolism of cells when the excess is stored in organs eg: … TRANSPIRATION • the loss of water in the form of water vapour from a plant to the atmosphere. (replaced?) • Importance : . from leaves to other parts.helps in the absorption & transport of… .

Concentration gradient existed & & create a force call root pressure. C) CAPILLARY ACTION Is combine force of cohesion & adhesion which enable water move up along the xylem vessel. Cohesion is the attraction of one molecule to other molecule of water . From here water vapour diffuses to surrounding air through stomata Transpiration & pull up water from the soil. B) TRANSPIRATION PULL During the day.PATHWAY OF WATER FROM THE SOIL TO THE LEAVES A) ROOT PRESSURESurrounding water soil is hypotonic to sap cell of root hair. water evaporate from mesophyill cell into intercellula Space in the leaves. The sap cell become hypotonic adjacent cell.Therefore water diff into root hair by osmosis. then water moves again to the n cell. the force is call transpira pull.