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Acceptance Testing

Acceptance Testing of Fire


Protection Systems 101

Touch on all types of Fire Sprinkler of systems


Fire Pumps and Standpipes
Requirements for Acceptance Testing per NFPA
and the State Fire Marshal
Industry Jargon and Common terminology
State Rules- Texas Insurance Code Chapter 6003
& 28 TAC SS 34.700
Information in these slides comes from NFPA
Standards 13, 14 and 20

Defining Terms

Authority Having Jurisdiction


Listed and Approved
Shall vs. Should
Hydrostatic Testing And Cover
Add and Relocates (Remodels) vs. New
System installs
Main Drain Test

Control Valve Testing


Tagging Requirements
System Type- Wet, Dry, Preaction
and Deluge with specific
differences and required tests for
each
Specific Application SystemESFR, Control Mode,
Residential, Double Interlock, etc

Authority Having
Jurisdiction (AHJ)
3.2.2* An organization, office or
individual responsible for
enforcing the requirements of a
code or standard, or for
approving equipment, materials,
an installation, or a procedure

Examples:

Fire Chief, Fire Marshal


Labor Department
Health Department- TDADS
Building Official, Electrical
Inspector, Plumbing Inspector
Insurance Organizations and their
Representatives
Commanding Officer on Base

essentially

Anyone with a vested interest in the


system performing as intended

Listed
3.2.2* Equipment, materials, or
services included in a list
published by an organization
that is acceptable to the
authority having jurisdiction.

Approved
3.2.1 Acceptable to the authority
having jurisdiction

Approved Materials
All materials and methods for
installation are to conform to
Chapter 6 of NFPA 13- 2007 or
the individual product listings
and approvals. When in
doubt..

Make the installing


contractor prove it to
your satisfaction!!!!
If it looks incorrect, it probably is
Be wary of new products, have
contractor provide cut sheets when in
doubt
Good review with thorough walk
through at hydro at end of job

Your interpretation of the codes


and standards is to be met or
proven incorrect- codes/
standards are in writing- not
inferred
Sometimes corners are cut by
unscrupulous contractors
Some poor installs are mistakes
or human error - BUT.

Report repeat
offenders to the
State Fire
Marshals office!!!

REMEMBER
You are the last line of defense to
ensure the end user gets what they
expect and paid for!!! These are
your customers, you are their expert!
Poor installs fail annual inspections
and cost the owner money later for
repairs

Shall
3.2.4 Indicates a mandatory
requirement.

Should
3.2.5 Indicates a
recommendation or that which
advised but not required.

System Acceptance
Acceptance Testing of systems
is contained in Chapter 24 of
NFPA 13-2007 Edition
All required tests are listed, but
required extra heads and some
paperwork is not.

Hydrostatic Test
Section 24.2.1- All piping and
attached appurtenances subjected
to system working pressure shall
be hydrostatically tested at 200 psi
(13.8 bar) and shall maintain that
pressure without loss for two
hours

Section 24.2.1.2- Portions of


systems normally subjected to
working pressures in excess of
150 psi (10.4 bar) shall be
tested as described in 24.2.1.1
at a pressure of 50 psi (3.5 bar)
in excess of working pressure

Things to watch at Hydro


Need to know expected pump
churn pressure and expected
system working pressure, are
PRVs required?
Hydrostatic test pressure is taken
at the bottom of the system, not
the top (Section 24.2.1.8)

Know the limits of the materialspressure limitations of fittings and


sprinkler heads
If there is freeze potential, an
interim pneumatic air test at 40
psi can be conducted for 24
hours per 24.2.2. This does not
remove or replace the
requirement for a hydrostatic test.

This test is referred to as a Hydro


Test or Cover Inspection
All systems require this type of
test- Sprinkler, Standpipe, Pump
In new construction the pipe
should not be covered up during
the test
A procedure for removing test
blanks must be in place

Retrofits are typically covered up.


These are existing buildings and not
all areas are accessible. Use your
own judgment.
Walk systems during the two hour
test, look for leaks. Small leaks are
not cause for concern.
Excessive water leakage and
pressure drop are cause for failure
and re-test of system

Hydro Test Procedure


Contractor should have system
pumped up above 200 psi or 50
above working pressure, prior to
your arrival to remove air
pockets
Note Pressure on gauge upon
arrival.
Walk system- look for leaks.

While walking system, note


areas that are in need of repair
or changes required in the
system to installing contractor.
At end of two hour period, note
pressure (loss if any). Have
Contractor drain system to zero
the gauge out in your presence.

Things to Keep in Mind


FDC piping is often overlooked- Needs
to be tested @ 150psi after repair/
replacement- Sec 24.2.1.10
Temperature changes affect system
pressure during hydro.
Trapped air in the system takes time to
escape, if the system has not been
pumped up for some time then air will
escape.

Add and Relocates


24.2.1.4- Modifications affecting
20 or fewer sprinklers shall not
require testing in excess of
system working pressure

Per Section 24.2.1.5Modifications above 20


sprinklers, isolate the affected
portion of the system and hydro
Per Section 24.2.1.6Modifications that cannot be
isolated (i.e.. Relocated drops)
shall not require tested in excess
of system working pressure

Main Drain Test


24.2.3.4.1 The main drain valve
shall be opened and remain open
until system pressure stabilizes
24.2.3.4.2 The static and residual
pressures shall be recorded on the
contractors material and test
certificate
Use the bottom gauge

Often overlooked
Required on State white tags
Provides baseline water supply
test information to measure water
supply deterioration in
subsequent NFPA 25 Inspections.
This is required on all systems!
The importance cannot be
stressed enough!

Size of main drains


Table 8.16.2.4.2-Drain Size_________
Riser or Main Size
Size of Drain
Connection
Up to 2 in. 34 in. or larger
212 in., 3 in., 312 in.
114 in. or larger
4 in. and larger
2 in. only
No test orifices on main drains!!!! Need fully open
for Main Drain Test. Listed Test and drain
assemblies are acceptable if capable of full flow.

Operational Tests
Referred to as a Final
While performing this test, an
inspection should be performed.
Things to look for:

Loaded or painted sprinkler heads


Adequate coverage of all spaces
Missing pieces or incorrect install
Tamper and flow switch operation
Fire Alarm System should be on Test

Walk the space- Check


head coverage
Light Hazard
225 Sq Ft
Max. 15 X 15

Ordinary Hazard
130 Sq Ft
Max. 15 ft X 8-8

Extra Hazard
100 Sq Ft
Max. 10 X 10 or 12 X 8-4

Storage, ESFR, Control Mode


Look up each individual sectionthese change often
Request the sprinkler cut sheet from
the Contractor- these are specific
application and may have some
special requirements

Obstructions
Depending on the type of head
and the obstruction
Refer to Chapter 8 in NFPA 1307.
All types of heads are broken
down individually

Alarm Initiating Devices

Testing Alarm Switches


Inspectors test connection should
have at least 1 inch pipe
connected to a corrosion resistant
orifice equal to the size of the
smallest orifice on the system.
Open ITC all the way, alarm should
sound in less than 5 minutes

If bell goes off too quick, have


contractor adjust delay on alarm
device to account for water hammer
in city water to avoid nuisance
alarms.
Ensure cover is on WF switch after
test is performed
Call the monitoring company- verify
signals are correct for the space/
bldg

Valve Tamper Switches

Testing Tamper Switches


8.16.1.1.2.1- Valves on
connections to water supplies,
sectional control valves, and
other valves in supply pipes to
sprinklers and other fixed water
based fire suppression systems
shall be supervised by one of
the following:

(1) Central station, proprietary, or


remote station signaling at a
constantly attended point
(2) Local signaling service that will
cause the sounding of an audible
signal at a constantly attended point
(3) Valves locked in the correct position
(4) Valves in fenced enclosures under
the owners control

Testing Tampers
24.2.3.5.1 All control valves
shall be fully closed and opened
under system water pressure to
ensure proper operation
Check the valve operation
Check Tamper operation and
signal to monitoring company

24.2.4- Pressure
Reducing Valves

Common
Misinterpretation
PRVs should be a Pressure
Reducing Valve- NOT Restricting
or Relief Valve
True PRVs Reduce pressure under
both Flow and Static Conditions
NFPA 14-07 Sec. 3.3.16.4
NFPA 13-07 Sec. 8.16.1.2.1

Where Required
Sprinkler-When working pressure
exceeds 175 psi unless all
downstream components are rated for
the higher pressure
Standpipe-For Fire Hose Valves where
pressure exceeds 175 psi on 2-1/2
FHVs pressure shall be limited to 100
psi- 1-1/2 valves can be of regulating
type

PRV RequirementsFire Sprinkler

8.16.1.2.2- Pressure gauges shall


be on the inlet and outlet sides of
each pressure reducing valve
8.16.1.2.3- A relief valve of not less
than shall be provided on the
discharge side set to operate at a
pressure not exceeding 175 psi.

8.16.1.2.4- A listed indicating


valve shall be provided on the
inlet side of each PRV, unless the
PRV meets the listing
requirements for use as an
indicating valve.
8.16.1.2.5- Means shall be
provided downstream of all PRVs
for flow tests at sprinkler demand

Acceptance Testing
PRVs
24.2.4.1- Each pressure-reducing
valve shall be tested upon
completion of installation to insure
proper operation under flow and noflow conditions.
24.2.4.2- Testing shall verify device
regulates outlet at maximum and
normal conditions

24.2.4.3- The results of the flow


test of each PRV shall be
recorded on the contractors
material and test certificate
24.2.4.4- The results shall
include the static and residual
inlet pressures, static and
residual outlet pressures and
the flow rate

Standpipe Hose Valve


PRVs- NFPA 14-07
11.5.4
Ask for PRV Testing Logs to show work
was completed
NFPA 14- 7.2 requires 1-1/2 hose
valves residual pressure limited to 100
psi and 2-1/2 hose valves static and
residual pressure limited to 100 psi
where pressure exceeds 175 psi

Backflow Prevention
Assemblies-8.17.4.6
A.8.17.4.6- Where backflow
prevention devices are installed,
they should be in an accessible
location to provide service and
maintenance

8.17.4.6.1- Means shall be


provided downstream of all
backflow prevention valves for
flow tests at system demands
A.8.17.4.6.1 describes the
describes the methods availableessentially ensuring the backflow
will not restrict the system
demand

Backflow Prevention
Assemblies
Where are they Required???
Section 23.1.8 references AWWA
M14, Recommended Practice for
Backflow Prevention and Cross
Connection Control and the public
Health AHJ requirements

Backflow Prevention
Acceptance Testing24.2.5

24.2.5.1- The backflow prevention


assembly shall be forward flow
tested to ensure proper operation.
24.2.5.2- The minimum flow rate
shall be the system demand,
including hose stream

A copy of the state or local test


report performed by a TCEQ
approved tester should be
attached to the riser
An approved inspection by the
local Health AHJ should be
provided prior to final.

Circulating Closed Loop


Systems
These are covered in 24.3.
Requires certification of pressure
ratings for auxiliary devices and proof of
pressure test in all modes of operation
Discharge tests to be per 6.9.1- the five
minute requirement

Wet Pipe System

For Heated Buildings


Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Hospitals
Educational
Retail
Most Common
Sprinkler System
Easiest to Maintain
and Operate
Requires the Least
Amount of Testing

Wet System

Wet System Tests and


Requirements

Hydrostatic and Cover


Walkthrough and Final

Operational (Alarms, Tamper, Main


Drain Test)
Confirm Code compliance
Ensure correct number of spare heads
are left on site per NFPA 13-2007
Section 6.2.9- Dry heads not required.
Sprinkler Wrench is.

Wet System Riser Reqts


New systems to have White Tag and
Blue ITM Tag
All additions over 20 heads are to have
a new white tag added
Hydraulic Placard and General
Information Sign
PRV test tags on each PRV
Backflow certification and Inspection
by Plumbing Dept

Dry Pipe System

For Non-Heated Buildings


Commercial
Industrial
Parking Garages
Building Exteriors

Dry Pipe System

Dry System Tests and


Requirements -24.2.2

Hydrostatic and Cover


Walkthrough and Final

Operational (Alarms, Tamper, Main


Drain Test)
Confirm Code compliance
Ensure correct number of spare heads
are left on site per NFPA 13-2007
Section 6.2.9- Dry heads not required.
Sprinkler Wrench is.

Dry Systems Also


Require

In addition to 200 psi hydrostatic


test- an air leakage test is
required
40 psi of air for 24 hours- any
leakage in excess of 1-1/2 psi
shall be corrected

System Operational Test


24.2.3.2 covers operational test
Trip test of valve and any quick
opening devices- time how long it
takes for water to be discharged
from the inspectors test connection.
Verify it is per 7.2.3.6 and record it
on the Contractors Material and
Test Certificate

Water Delivery per NFPA


13- 2007
Table 7.2.3.6.1 Dry System Water
Delivery
Number of Most
Maximum
Remote
Hazard
Time of Water
Sprinklers
Delivery
Initially Open
Residential
1
15 seconds
Light
1
60 seconds
Ordinary I
2
50 seconds
Ordinary II
2
50 seconds
Extra I
4
45 seconds
Extra II
4
45 seconds
High piled
4
40 seconds

Air Compressor Testing


7.2.6.2.2- The air supply shall
have a capacity capable of
restoring normal air pressure in
the system within 30 minutes
A.7.2.6.2.20- When a single
compressor serves multiple
systems, the 30 minute fill time
is based in the largest system

Dry System Riser Reqts


New systems to have White Tag and
Blue ITM Tag
All additions over 20 heads are to have
a new white tag added
Hydraulic Placard and General
Information Sign
PRV test tags on each PRV
Backflow certification and Inspection
by Plumbing Dept

Pre Action System

For Environmentally
Sensitive Areas
Computer Rooms
Surgical Suites
Tele-Data Switch Rooms
Fine Art Storage Rooms

Pre Action System

Preaction Requirements
-24.2.3.3

Hydrostatic and Cover


Walkthrough and Final

Operational (Alarms, Tamper, Main


Drain Test)
Confirm Code compliance
Ensure correct number of spare heads
are left on site per NFPA 13-2007
Section 6.2.9- Dry heads not required.
Sprinkler Wrench is.

Preaction Systems Also


Require
Test the preaction valve operation in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions- ask for literature if there is any
questions on operation
Test manual and remote control activation- this can be
electric, pneumatic or a combination

Is the piping supervised? Sec.


7.3.2.4 requires supervision to
ensure system integrity.
If supervisory air or nitrogen is
used- it needs to conform to 7.2.6
for dry systems
30 minute refill requirement.

Also needs to maintain a


minimum supervisory pressure of
7 psi.

Preaction Riser Reqts


New systems to have White Tag and
Blue ITM Tag
All additions over 20 heads are to have
a new white tag added
Hydraulic Placard and General
Information Sign
PRV test tags on each PRV
Backflow certification and Inspection
by Plumbing Dept

Deluge System

For Highly
Flammable Areas
Aircraft Hangers
Solvent Processing
Dynamite Plants

Deluge System

Deluge System
Requirements -24.2.3.3

Hydrostatic and Cover


Walkthrough and Final

Operational (Alarms, Tamper, Main


Drain Test)
Confirm Code compliance
Ensure correct number of spare heads
are left on site per NFPA 13-2007
Section 6.2.9- Dry heads not required.
Sprinkler Wrench is.

Deluge Systems Also


Require
Test the deluge valve operation in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions- ask for literature if there is any
questions on operation
Test manual and remote control activation- this can be
electric, pneumatic or hydraulic

Flow Testing of the system to


ensure hydraulic performance.
Calibrated gauges are to be used
at different points on the system
These gauge readings are to be
compared to the hydraulic
calculations
Detection devices are to be
automatically supervised

Deluge Riser Reqts


New systems to have White Tag and
Blue ITM Tag
All additions over 20 heads are to have
a new white tag added
Hydraulic Placard and General
Information Sign
PRV test tags on each prv
Backflow certification and Inspection
by Plumbing Dept

Standpipe System

For Multi-level
Buildings
Per AHJ

Stand Pipe System

Standpipe System Tests


and
Requirements

Hydrostatic and Cover


Walkthrough and Final

Operational (Alarms, Tamper, Main


Drain Test)
Confirm Code compliance and hose
thread compatibility
Flow test through roof manifold
testing approved water source- fire
pump, FD pumper truck, etc.

PRV tests. Ask for test log


Main Drain flow tests- record on
material test certificate
Dry and semi automatic shall be
trip tested to deliver 250 GPM at
the hydraulically most remote
hose connection within 3 minutes
Air testing applies per dry
systems in NFPA 13

Open and close each valve


manually- make sure hose caps
are on prior to testing
Check for proper signage

Fire Pump

Fire Pump Tests and


Requirements
Per NFPA 20- 2007 Edition
Chapter 14
Piping to be hydrostatically
tested per NFPA 13 reqs
All piping sizes to be verified per
table 5.25 (a) by rated pump flow

All factory supplier


representatives are to be in
attendance during field
acceptance tests- AHJ should
be notified
As a minimum, proof of the
initial startup and field
acceptance test report should
be provided at Fire Marshal final

A copy of the certified pump test


characteristic curve shall be
available for comparison of the
field acceptance test.
Compare the curves to ensure
the pump meets its factory
specs.

Pump shall be run at minimum,


rated and peak loads
How is this determined??
Minimum is 0 GPM or churn
Rated is the rating of the pump
i.e.. 1000 GPM pump needs to be
tested at 1000 GPM

Maximum is 150 % of pump ratinga 1000 GPM rated pump is capable


of 1500 GPM flow

Per NFPA 14- 2007, Section


6.2.1- Pumps shall furnish not
less than 150 percent of rated
capacity at not less than 65
percent of total rated head.
6.2.2- The shutoff head shall not
exceed 140 percent of rated
head for any type of pump.

Example 1- Pump is rated for 750


GPM @ 100 psi
150 percent of load1.5 X 750 =1125
65 percent of total rated head.65 X 100= 65 psi
Pump should provide 65 psi
MINIMUM at 1125 GPM

Example 2- Maximum Shutoff


100 psi Fire pump
Maximum Shutoff Head1.4 X 100 psi= 140 psi
Pump shutoff pressure should not
be over 140 psi.

Keep in mind that is the Fire


Pump shutoff pressure- the jockey
of maintenance pump will add 10
more psi to the working pressure
of the system

Test fire alarm signals in Fire


Pump control panel
Pump Run
A/C Power Fail
Phase Reversal
Normal power and alternate power

State Requirements
What does 28 TAC 34.700
The Fire Sprinkler Rules require
for new systems and system
modifications?

White Original Installation Tag

To be affixed to riser after new


install or scheduled testing and
maintenance.
To remain on riser for the life of
the system- provides baseline
water flow information for
subsequent inspections.
Work for this tag to be filled out
by licensed RME-G or RME-I.

Blue Inspection Testing and


Maintenance Tag

To be affixed to riser after new


install or scheduled testing and
maintenance.
To remain on riser for minimum
of five years- only to be removed
by employee of authorized firm
Work for this tag to be filled out
by licensed RME-G or RME-I.

Blue Service Tag

To be affixed to riser after every


service performed
To remain on riser for minimum of
five years- only to be removed by
employee of authorized firm
Work for this tag to be filled out by
Installer- license not needed
If anything is found to be impaired,
a yellow or red tag need to be
affixed as well.

Contractors Material
and Test Certificates
Ensure these are filled out in
their entirety and affixed to the
riser in a protective sheath. The
owner will want these at a later
date.

Hydraulic Placard
Used in future work on system
Often lost over the years
Should be metal and permanently
marked per NFPA 13- 07

Design Criteria
NFPA Codes: 13, 13R, 13D, 14, 20, 22, 24, 25 & 101
UBC
IBC
IFC
Local AHJs
Other Jurisdictions Architect, Engineer & Owner
Insurance Underwriter

Post Construction Inspections and Maintenance


Required per NFPA 25 and all Local Jurisdictions
Texas requires Licensed Inspectors
Identify changes in
Occupancy and use
Ceiling and finishes (i.e.. Painted and loaded heads)
Added building features(Decks, Canopies, Clouds)
Ensure system operation
Find system deficiencies and repair them in a timely
manner