Health problems related to eating habits

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Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa



These are dangerously thin people, only they fail to recognize as such. Avoiding food is an obsession with them. They would rather stick to certain low calorie food or would carefully weight and portion food. People with anorexia may repeatedly check their body weight, and many engage in other techniques to control their weight such as intense and compulsive exercise or vomiting. Girls with Anorexia often experience a delayed onset of their first menstrual period. If things get worse, it can even cause death.


Genetic. Six to ten per cent of siblings of affected women suffer from anorexia nervosa. There is an increased concordance amongst monozygotic twins, suggesting a genetic predisposition. Hormonal. The reductions in sex hormones and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis are secondary to malnutrition and usually reversed by refeeding.

Psychological factor  Individual Anorexia nervosa has often been seen as an escape from the emotional problems of adolescence and a regression into childhood. Patients will often have had dietary problems in early life. Perfectionism and low self-esteem are common antecedents. Recent studies suggest that survivors of childhood sexual abuse are at risk of developing an eating disorder, usually anorexia nervosa, in adolescence.

 Family.

Families of such patients are allegedly characterized by overprotection, inflexibility and lack of conflict resolution. Anorexia is alleged to prevent dissension in families. However, a recent case control study suggested that there is no more evidence of these factors in families of anorexia nervosa than in control families with a child with an established physical disease

You want to know more about anorexia????

People with anorexia nervosa experience an intense fear of gaining weight. They are persistently concerned about their body shape and weight. People with anorexia lose their appetite to eat or do not want to eat at all. This condition is potentially fatal and is recognised as a psychological disorder They lose both fat and muscle and this eventually leads to a discruption of the function of the heart,endocrine system and reproductive system.


Early treatment through nutrition and gradual restoration of body mass can correct some of the physical symptoms. Counselling to help the patients to correct any distorted belief the patients may have about their body shape and weight, as well as to help the patients overcome their emotional distress.

Bulimia Nervosa

Warning signs!!
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Anxiety Mood swings, depression Frequent trips to the bathroom after eating Hiding food in unusual places Highly self-critical Difficulties in breathing and swallowing Fainting spells Irregular menstrual periods Frequent weight fluctuations Pronounced jaw swelling from frequent vomiting

 Malnutrition  Hormonal  Influenza  Kidney


problem  Cardiovascular problems  Liver disease

Extra info about Bulimia Nervosa…

Unlike anorexics, victims of bulimia may have a normal body mass. The victims consume huge amounts of food in a short period of time. The victims feel out of control and are unable to stop eating during a binge. They also feel guilty, ashamed, disgusted or depressed following a binge.


Observing the patient to ensure that the person eats correctly, obtain counselling and medication.

The end…
Bye-Bye!! See you next time. Don’t forget to study…!    

Fatin Emalina Nurul Izzah Raden Nurhana Noor Faradzela

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