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Two Key Theorists in Child Psychology

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective
 Freud-The

structure of the psyche  Id  Ego  Superego

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective
 The

structure of the psyche

Id
 

Pleasure Principle Primary Process Thinking

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective
 The

structure of the psyche

Ego
 

Reality Principle Secondary Process Thinking

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective Sigmund Freud: Psychosexual Stages.  Oral B-1  Anal 2-3  Phallic 3-6  Latency 7-11  Genital 12+
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Sigmund Freud:
Psychosexual Stages

Oral
 “Love

= Food”  Passive -Dependent (Introjection)  Active-Aggressive (Projection)
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective Sigmund Freud: Psychosexual Stages

Anal
“Love = Feces = gifts = dirt”  Anal Retentive  Anal Expulsive

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective Sigmund Freud: Psychosexual Stages

Phallic
 Infantile

Masturbation  Oedipal/Electra Complexes  Castration Anxiety  Penis Envy
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Sigmund Freud:

Psychosexual Stages

Phallic
Identification with same sex parent (Superego, sex-typing)  Transmission of Society’s values.

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Sigmund Freud:

Psychosexual Stages Latency
 

Sexual\aggressive feelings successfully repressed Defense Mechanisms Engaged. Child’s interests turn away

from home.

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Sigmund Freud:

Psychosexual Stages

Genital

Physical changes of puberty.  Regression to Phallic successfully defended.
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Sigmund Freud:

Psychosexual Stages

Genital
Sublimation of phallic issues  Friendship, co-operation and mature sex relations

Erik Erickson :Psychosocial Stages

Erickson was an art student who became interested in Freud’s theories and became a “lay analyst.” He agreed with Freud, but added to his theories to include social and just not sexual ideas.

Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective
Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
  

The child must resolve 8 crises or stages in life. It is possible to become fixated or regress to a crisis. These correspond with Freud’s psychosexual stages but Erikson’s include adult stages. Resolution of crises brings about strength of character. This character impacts on our society and makes possible one of societies institutions.

Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages

Also, in each stage, the child acquires a character trait (virtue) and society benefits by the formation of an institution. Example, in the first stage, the child gets the virtue of hope , society gets religion.

Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
Virtue

= Hope

Societal

Institution = Faith (religious worship)
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
Virtue

= Will

Societal

Institution = Law and Order
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
Virtue

= Purpose

Societal

Institution = Economic Ethos
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
Virtue

= Competency

Societal

Institution = Technological Ethos
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
Virtue

= Loyalty

Societal

Institution = Aristocracy
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
Virtue

virtue.

= Love; the greatest Institution =

Societal

Marriage

Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
Virtue

= Care Institution =
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Societal

Ethics

Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages

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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages
 Virtue

= Wisdom

 Societal

Institution = Respect for all institutions
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Freud and Erikson The Psychoanalytic Perspective

 The

End

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