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CKV

Analog and Digital VLSI Design


EEE F313/INSTR
F313

CKV

Things to Remember
Presentations will be uploaded on CMS in
PDF/PPT format.
Lectures will be roughly 45 Min and Q&A 5-7
Min
Keep your mobiles Switched off or in Silent
Notices- CMS

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One BIG Question

Why learn this subject ?

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Three Simple Answers


Placeme
nts
Basic
Subject

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Analog
Electroni
cs

Digital
Design

Modul
e

ADVD

Circui
ts
MEC
EDIC

Devic
es

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Small
Signal RF

Power
RF

Power
Management

Analo
g

Analog
Baseband
Digital Baseband
(DSP + MCU)

Digit
al

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Analog
World

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Digital 2
Analog
Basics,
Digital 1

Handout-Text
Books

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T1: Jan M. Rabaey; Anantha Chandrakasan; Borivoje


Nikolic, Digital Integrated Circuits - A Design
Perspective, (Second Edition) Prentice-Hall Electronics
and VLSI Series. (2003).
T2: Behzad Razavi,Design of Analog CMOS integrated
circuits, McGraw Hill International Edition. 2001.

Prime Reference Books


R1: Neil H.E. Weste, David Harris, Ayan Banerjee,
CMOS VLSI Design, 3rd Edition Pearson Education.

Handout-Topics
Introduction to VLSI Design Methodologies
CMOS
Technology, Design Rules, MOS Capacitances,
Scaling
Digital Design I:
MOS inverter- Static and switching characteristics,
Combinational MOS logic circuits Static logic
Synchronous system and Sequential circuits design

Analog Design
Advanced Current Sources & sinks; Current Reference
circuit,
Operational amplifier architectures and Feedback circuits.
Frequency Compensation and Noise
Digital Design II:
Memory Circuits Design

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HandoutEvaluation
Component
Test I

Duratio Weighta
n
ge
60 Mts.
20%

Test II

60 Mts.

20%

Comp. Exam
Design
Assignments

3 Hours
Continuo
us

40%
20%

Date & Time


11/9/2015, 2:30-3:30
PM
10/11/2015, 2:30-3:30
PM
3/12/2015, FN
Throughout the course

Remar
ks
CB
OB
CB
OB

CKV

Analog and Digital VLSI Design


EEE F313/INSTR
F313

Lecture 1:
Introduction

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The Babbage
machine Difference
engine (1832)
25000 parts
17 470

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ENIAC (1946)

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First
Transistor Bell
labs (1948)

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First Integrated
Circuits

First Integrated circuit -Jack


Kilby (1958)

ECL 3-input Gate


Motorola 1966

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Intel 4004 micro


processor
1971
2300 transistors
1 MHz operation

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Intel Pentium (IV) micro


processor
2000
42 million transistors
1.5 GHz operation

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Intel Pentium (IV) micro


processor

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2011
995 million transistors
2.8 GHz operation

L O G2 O F T H E N U M B E R O F
C O M P O N E N TS P E R IN T E G R A T E D F U N C TIO N
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
196 6
1967
196 8
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
197 5

Moores Law
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In 1965, Gordon Moore noted that the number of


transistors on a chip doubled every 18 to 24 months.

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Moores Law

Transistors (MT)

1000

2X growth in 1.96 years!

100
10

486

1
386
286

0.1
0.01

P6
Pentium proc

8086
8080
8008
4004

8085

0.001
1970

1980

1990
Year

2000

2010

Transistors
Transistors on Lead Microprocessors double every 2 years

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Moores Law

Die size (mm)

100

10
8080
8008
4004
1
1970

8086
8085

1980

286

386

P6
Pentium
proc
486

~7% growth per year


~2X growth in 10 years

1990
Year

2000

2010

Die
Die size
size grows
grows by
by 14%
14% to satisfy Moores Law

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Moores Law

Frequency (Mhz)

10000

Doubles every
2 years

1000
100
10

8085

1
0.1
1970

8086 286

386

486

P6
Pentium proc

8080
8008
4004
1980

1990
Year

2000

2010

Lead
Lead Microprocessors frequency doubles every 2 years

Issues: Power Consumption


Power Density (W/cm2)

10000

Rocket
Nozzle

1000

Nuclear
Reactor

100

8086
10 4004
Hot Plate
P6
8008 8085
Pentium proc
386
286
486
8080
1
1970

1980

1990
Year

2000

2010

Power
Power density
density too
too high
high to
to keep
keep junctions
junctions at low temp
temp

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Issues: Time to market

Small
Signal RF

Power
RF

Power
Management

Analog
Baseband
Digital Baseband
(DSP + MCU)

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Next Class
Challenges in
Design
Design Metrics

VLSI

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Reading Assignment: Y chart

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Three Simple Answers


Placeme
nts
Basic
Subject
Last but not
least

KNOWLED
GE
31

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Thank You
32