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transformation of shapes:stretches and shears

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You are on page 1of 18

SHEARS

Stretches

y

D

x

B

The points on the y axis have not moved, so the y axis (or x = 0)

is called the invariant line.

The perpendicular distance of each point from the invariant

line has doubled, so the stretch factor is 2.

the x axis invariant.

y

y

D

C

D

the y axis invariant.

y

y

x

B

the x axis invariant.

y

y

D

C

The following diagram shows a stretch where the invariant line is not

the x or y axis.

y

x=1

AB = 3 AB

6

each point from the line x = 1

has trebled.

4

2

A

2

BA

4

B

6

10

If the scale factor is negative then the stretch is in the opposite direction.

y

B

BC = 2 BC and it has

been stretched in the

opposite direction.

6

A

6

each point from the y axis has

doubled.

A

0

Shears

In a shear, all the points on an object move

parallel to a fixed line (called the invariant line).

A shear does not change the area of a shape.

shear factor =

perpendicular distance of point from the invariant line

D

x

C

B

The points on the x axis have not moved, so the x axis (or y = 0)

is called the invariant line.

DD = 1

and

1

So, shear factor 1

1

the x axis invariant.

y

y

D

x

C

x

the y axis invariant.

y

y

C

D

D

x

B

x

the y axis invariant.

y

y

C

B

D

A

C

B

4 Describe fully the single transformation that takes triangle A onto triangle B.

shear

8

2

4

8

4

A

5 Describe fully the single transformation that takes ABCD onto ABCD.

y

7

D

shear

invariant line is y = 2

7

shear factor is 1

7

6

4

B A

B

y=2

10

6 Describe fully the single transformation that takes ABC onto ABC.

y

8

8

shear

C

6

A

C

B

4

A

4 1

shear factor is

8 2

10

7 Describe fully the single transformation that takes ABCD onto ABCD.

y

3

D

C D

y=6

4

A

B A

10

shear

invariant line is y = 6

3

shear factor is 1

3

8 Describe fully the single transformation that takes ABCD onto ABCD.

7

y

x=1

shear

note: this is a negative shear

invariant line is x = 1

shear factor is

C

2

B

8

10

7

1

7

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