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HENRY FAYOL

1841-1925

Biography

French mining engineer and a


management theorist.
Studied at mining school in saint etrienne.
started as an engineer at a mining
company and become director in 1888.
Wrote a book administration indusrielle
et generate.
First management thinker who provided
the conceptual framework of the function
of management in his book.

Contribution to the
management field

Principle of management.
Administrative management theory.
Fayol is treated as the father of modern
management theory because of his
contribution to the management theory
and principles.
Offered universal managerial
prescription.
Viewed management as a profession that
can be trained and developed.

Principle of management
1.

2.

3.

4.

Division of work : when employees specialized,


output can increase because they become
increasingly skilled and efficient.
Authority and responsibility :manager must
have authority to give order , but they must
also keep in mind that authority comes
responsibility.
Discipline: discipline must be upheld in
organization , but methods doing so can vary.
Unity of command :employees should have
only one direct supervisor .

5. Unity of direction : teams with the same


objective should be working under the
direction of one manager , using one plan
6. Subordination of personal interest to
organization interests :the interest of one
employee should not be allowed to become
more important than those of the group. This
includes managers.
7. Remuneration : employee satisfaction
depend on fair remuneration for everyone.
This includes financial and non financial
compensation.

8. Centralization : this principle refers to


how close employee are to the decision
making process. It is important to aim far an
appropriate balance.
9. Scalar chain: employees should be aware
of where they stand in the organizations
hierarchy, or chain of demand.
10. Order :the workplace facility must be
clean tidy and safe for employee .every
thing should have its place.

11. Equity : manager should be fair to staff


at all the time , both maintaining discipline
is necessary and action with kindness
where appropriate.
12. Stability of tenure personnel : manager
should strive to minimize employees
turnover.
Personal
planning
is priority
. the
13.
initiative:
employee
should
be given
necessary level of freedom to create and
carry out plan
14. Esprit de crops :organization should
stirve to promote spirit and unity

Administrative management
theory
The functions of management according to
fayol are
1. Planning
2. organizing
3. Staffing
4. Commanding
5. Coordinating
6. Controlling

Thank You!

Presented by:Abheek Nagpal


Rishabh Jain