You are on page 1of 15

Frederick Winslow Taylor

Father ofscientific management

March 20, 1856


March 21, 1915

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

biography

1881 - introduced time study at the


Midvale plant
1883 - degree in MechanicalengineeringStevens Institute of Technology
Retired at age 45, continued to promote
the principles of scientific management
through lectures

Awards

Elliott Cresson Medal - Franklin Institute


of the State of Pennsylvania in 1902
Honorary degree of Doctor of Science
by the University of Pennsylvania

TAYLORISM
Scientific Management Theory
Work Scientific Organization
Science + group harmony

TAYLORISM
Workers as parts of a machine
Different parts assigned specific tasks
Parts + few breaks as possible + part replaced if it
slows down = Efficiency in manufacturing

TAYLORISM

Task decomposed in elementary operations

Workers selected and trained - the best rhythm


possible
Salary - differentiated rates system, performance
COORDINATION

TIME AND MOTION STUDY


What is it?

TIME AND MOTION STUDY


Work simplification +
standards + wage incentive system = worker
motivation

Motivated workers = increased operational efficiency

TIME AND MOTION STUDY


Complex task simplified
Movements by workers observed
Correct movement measured

The Scientific management


method

Described how scientific method could greatly


improve productivity.

It optimize the way that task were performed

simplifies the job enough so that workers could


perform in their best way.

4 Principle of Scientific Management


Method
1. Replace working by "rule of thumb
2. match workers to their jobs based on capability
and motivation
3. Monitor worker performance, and provide
instructions and supervision
4. Allocate the work between managers and
workers

Drawbacks of Scientific Management


Method
Increased monotomy of work
The core job dimensions of skill were missing
Some workers didnt accept the method

Soldiering or Natural Laziness


3 Causes of Soldiering
1. Workers think that more productive=fewer of
them needed
2. Non-incentive wage system encourage low
productivity
3. Workers rely on work of thumb

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Rationalwikiorg(2015).Rationalwikiorg Retrieved30August,2015from
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Taylorism#Taylorism_today
Oldknoownet(2015).Oldknoownet Retrieved30August,2015from
http://old.knoow.net/en/sceconent/management/taylorism.htm
Dictionaryreferencecom(2015).Dictionaryreferencecom Retrieved30,August,2015from
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/time+and+motion+study
Encyclopediacom(2015).Encyclopediacom. Retrieved30August,2015from
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/time_and_motion_study.aspx
Businessdictionarycom(2015).BusinessdictionarycomRetrieved30August,2015from
http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/time-and-motion-study.html
Netmbacom.(2015).Netmbacom.Retrieved30August,2015,fromhttp://www.netmba.com/mgmt/scientific/
Mindtoolscom.(2015).Mindtoolscom.Retrieved30August,2015,from
http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMM_Taylor.htm
Mbsportalbluk.(2015).Mbsportalbluk.Retrieved30August,2015,fromhttp://
www.mbsportal.bl.uk/taster/subjareas/busmanhist/mgmtthinkers/taylor.aspx
Biographycom(2015).Biographycom Retrieved30August,2015from
http://www.biography.com/people/frederick-w-taylor-9503065

4D- PHARMACY
Alava, Paul James A.
Berba, Eimee Joy S.
Cayabyab, Katrina M.
Eleazar, Djamir C.
Pua, Mark Anthony F.
Vicencio, Nathaniel C.