CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA

CHILD LABOUR
A child labour  Is under the age of eighteen  Receives extremely little or no pay  Is controlled by violence or other threats  Has no option to leave the situation  Has no access to education

ILO distinguishes child labour from economically active children by asserting that a child above the age of 12 who does light ,part time work, that is not hazardous may be economically active but is not to be counted as a child labourer Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986, seeks to prohibit employment of children below 14 years in hazardous occupations and processes and regulates the working conditions in other employments. Recently, Government has also decided to include children working as domestic servants and those working in dhabas/roadside eateries/motels etc. in the category of hazardous occupations.

CAUSES
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Poverty Over population Parental illiteracy Lack of education Ineffectivity of child labour laws

CONSEQUENCES
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Physical injuries Growth deficiency Long-term health problems Illiteracy

NATIONAL CHILD LABOUR PROJECTS
2007-08 NCLP Districts Number of Child Labour Budget 2008-09 NCLP Districts Number of Child Labour Budget 237 3.59 Lac 138.5 Crore 300 4.95 Lac 233 Crore

FIREWORKS INDUSTRY

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50,000 to 1,00,000 child workers 55 percent of the workers are below 14 years Children carried in buses from their villages to the work sites between 3 a.m. and 5 a.m. in the morning and return home between 6 p.m. and 9 p.m. Children dye outer paper, roll gun powder, make firecrackers, dip material into chemicals, and pack the final products for seven to twelve hours a day

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Children earned Rs 8-15 per day. Children were paid on a piece rate basis which varied between boys and girls Hazardous work environments in match and firework factories, including highly inflammable chemicals spread on the unprotected floor have resulted in fatal accidents

GEMSTONE INDUSTRY

Around 6,000 and 1,00,000 children are working in the diamond industry. Children between 12 and 13 years of age polish diamonds for seven to nine hours a day. There are two categories of children working in the gem industry in Jaipur: 1) Children from 6 to 10 years old belonging to families of manual laborers and poorly paid people. 2) Children from 10 to 14 years old belonging to families with a fairly steady income.

Major health and safety troubles are eyestrain, headaches, leg and shoulder pain, malaria, discoloration of hair, rotten teeth, and dysentery. Doctors in the area revealed that more than 30 percent of the children get tuberculosis, seemingly due to unhygienic conditions, overcrowding, and malnutrition

CARPET INDUSTRY

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3,00,000(approx.) children, as young as 6 years of age work in this industry. Working hours: 6-12 hours per day Tasks include sorting, knotting, cutting, washing, and dyeing Child carpet weavers typically fall into four categories: unpaid children working on family looms, unpaid children working with adult family wage earners, unpaid apprentices (for approximately one year), and wage earners.

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Average daily wage 12 rupees. Often both adults and children are paid per square yard, which makes them work very long hours. Over 90 percent of the children complained of swelling of lower limbs and severe pain in the joints. Children also came into constant contact with woolen fluff causing skin troubles including scabies and respiratory ailments

DOMESTIC HELP
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23 August,2009: Urvashi Dhanorkar 25 August,2009: Suchitra Krishnamurthy

THANK YOU

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