Moorish culture

Location
Iberian Peninsula

(modern-day Spain, Portugal) Particularly Andalusia (‫)الندلس‬ in Southern Spain 800 years of Muslim rule 80% of local population Muslim Golden age of architecture, education

Seville
•Under the authority of the Umayyad caliphate, Almoravid empire and Almohad dynasties •Fell to the Christian king Fernando III of Castile in 1248 •Retains many Moorish features until today

Seville

Córdoba
•Thriving capital of the Caliphate of Córdoba •Governed almost all of the Iberian peninsula. •10th century CE: up to 500,000 inhabitants  the most populated city in Europe and, perhaps, in the world

Córdoba

Granada
•Capital of a province of the Caliphate of Cordoba •Seat of the world-famous Alhambra ‫( ال ْحمراء‬literally َ ْ َ “the Red One”), a Moorish citadel and palace •Today one of Spain’s major tourist attractions

Alhambra
•Completed towards the end of Muslim rule in Spain by Yusuf I (1333–1353), Muhammad V, Sultan of Granada (1353–1391) •Last days of the Nasrid emirate of Granada •Refuge for Muslim artists and intellectuals from Christian Spain’s victories over Al-Andalus •Mixes natural elements with man-made ones •Testament to the skill of Muslim craftsmen of the time

Granada / Alhambra

Granada / Alhambra

Granada / Alhambra

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