Vaibhav Kabra 04ec26

Presentation Flow
Introduction Technologies Physical structure Advantages and Comparisons FAQs Ongoing Developments

Background
CD introduced in 1980 -A giant leap in data storage and

premium quality for prime audio applications Need for a 5-10x storage capacity increase for data applications demanded use of DVDs Seamless migration and full backward compatibility Advent of Blu-ray Technology:25Gb and 50 Gb Storage Highest application of Optical media Interactive and Highest Quality Standards

Introduction
Blu Ray is the name of a next-generation

optical disc Jointly developed by the Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA) Developed to enable recording, rewriting and playback of high-definition video (HD) Offers more than five times the storage capacity of traditional DVDs

Technology
The new format uses a blue-violet laser instead,

hence the name Blu-ray, unlike the current optical disc technologies that rely on red lasers. Shorter wavelength than a red laser (650nm), which makes it possible to focus the laser spot with even greater precision Efficient data storage with a numerical aperture of 0.85 Improvements in data encoding Hard Coating: Durabis,Scratchguards

Advantages
Pristine Picture: 6x resolution of DVD Superior Sound: 7.1 channel lossless audio Unrivaled storage Capacity Compatibility Advanced Durability

Digital rights management (DRM)
The Blu-ray Disc format employs several layers of

Digital rights management. AACS Standards BD+ was developed by CRI and is based on their concept of Self-Protecting Digital Content. Effectively a small virtual machine embedded in authorized players. It allows content providers to include executable programs on Blu-ray Discs

Contd..
Examine the host environment, to see if the

player has been tampered with. Verify that the player's keys have not been changed. Execute native code, possibly to patch an otherwise insecure system. Transform the audio and video output. Parts of the content will not be viewable without letting the BD+-program unscramble it.

Replication
BD-ROM Mark is a small amount of

cryptographical data that is stored physically differently from normal Blu-ray Disc data. Bit-by-bit copies that do not replicate the BDROM Mark are impossible to decode. A specially licensed piece of hardware is required to insert the ROM-mark into the media during replication.

DVD vs Blu-Ray

FAQs
Why the name blu-ray? The name is a combination of "Blue" (blue-

violet laser) and "Ray" (optical ray).The correct abbreviation is BD, not BR or BRD (wrong abbreviation)

FAQs:
Who developed Blu-ray? Developed by the Blu-ray Disc Association

(BDA), a group of 170 leading consumer electronics. BODs consist of stalwarts like Apple, Dell, HP, Sharp, Sony, TDK, Walt Disney, Warner Bros,

FAQs:
What are the Blu-ray formats? BD-ROM - read-only format for distribution of

HD movies, games, software, etc. BD-R - recordable format for HD video recording and PC data storage. BD-RE - rewritable format for HD video recording and PC data storage.

FAQs:
How much data can you fit on a Blu-ray disc? A single-layer disc can hold 25GB.

A dual-layer disc can hold 50GB. To ensure that the Blu-ray Disc format is easily extendable (future-proof) it also includes support for multi-layer discs, which should allow the storage capacity to be increased to 100GB-200GB (25GB per layer) in the future simply by adding more layers to the discs.

FAQs:
How much video can you fit on a Blu-ray

disc? Over 9 hours of high-definition (HD) video on a 50GB disc. About 23 hours of standard-definition (SD) video on a 50GB disc.

FAQs:
How fast can you read/write data on a

Blu-ray disc? According to the Blu-ray Disc specification, 1x speed is defined as 36Mbps. However, as BDROM movies will require a 54Mbps data transfer rate the minimum speed expected is 2x (72Mbps)

FAQs:
What video codecs will Blu-ray support? MPEG-2 - enhanced for HD, also used for

playback of DVDs and HDTV recordings. MPEG-4 AVC - part of the MPEG-4 standard also known as H.264 (High Profile and Main Profile).

FAQs:
What audio codecs will Blu-ray support? Dolby Digital (DD) - format used for DVDs,

5.1-channel surround sound. (mandatory) DTS Digital Surround - format used for DVDs, 5.1-channel surround sound. (mandatory) DTS-HD High Resolution Audio - extension of DTS, 7.1-channel surround sound. (optional)

FAQs:
Will Blu-ray require an Internet

connection? No, you will not need an Internet connection for basic playback of Blu-ray movies. Internet connection will only be needed for value-added features such as downloading new extras, watching recent movie trailers, web browsing, and authorization.

FAQs:
What will Blu-ray products cost? As with any new technology the first

generation of products will likely be quite expensive due to low production volumes. TDK:25 GB BD-R (4x)and BD-RE (2x)media @ $8.99 and $12.99 respectively Samsung :BD-P1000, retailing for $1000 USD

Latest Advancements
Quad-layer (100 GB) discs A High Definition optical disc process that

extends the disc capacity of both competing formats to 10 layers has also been developed BD9 / Mini-Blu-ray Disc- Cost effective alternative

References:
Bluray Future:H.C. Markonikov Article ‘Blu-Ray’:Science Today www.bluray.com www.wikipedia.org

Thank You!