WAVELENGTH ROUTING TESTBEDS

WAVELENGTH ROUTING TESTBEDS
Africa ONE/Sea ME We-3 AON (All Optical Network Consortium) NTT Ring MWTN(Multi wavelength transport network) § ONTC(Optical network technology consortium) § MONET § Alcatel’s WDM ring § § § §

Name

Architectu Topology Route Wave ChanneBit Dista re r lengthsl Rate nce ports Spacin In Gb/s g (nm) 0.622 230 MWTN OWXC Ring /mesh4 4 4 AON Static Star 8 0.4 0.4 2.5 100 ONTC OWXC Linked 2 4 4 0.155 150 rings NTT OADM Ring 2 0.8 0.8 0.622 120 Alcatel OEADM Ring 2 1.6 1.6 2.5 160 MONETOWXC Mesh/ring 4 1.6 1.6 10 2000 NTONC OADM Dual ring 2 4 4 2.5 700 COBNE EWXC/O Ring Many/ 12 1.6 T XC 2 PHOTO OWXC Mesh 2 8 3.2 2.5/10 500 N METONOWXC Mesh/ring 4 6 3.2 0.62/2.5 230

Architecture of Africa ONE
Undersea plant OADM

Hub node

Λ5, Λ6, Λ7, Λ8,

Hub node

λ 1 1

λ 2 2 …… … Access Nodes

λ 2 7

λ 1 8

Africa one
• • • • • • O ve r a l n g l n g th 4 0 , 0 0 0 km lri e 2 fi e r p a i b rs H u b n o d e s – ce n tra lo ffi s ce A cce ss n o d e s – C a b l sta ti n s e o 8 O A D M S i u n d e rw a te r l n k n i Pro te cti n : i th e re i a fi e r cu t o n l n k o f s b i b e tw e e n tw o h u b n o d e s , th e a cce ss n o d e s b e tw e e n tw o h u b s ca n sti l l re a ch o n e o f th e h u b n o d e s

Africa ONE node structure

AON (All-optical Network Consortium)
Static Wavelength Routing testbed Level 0 –LAN, Level 1- MAN 20 wavelengths spaced 50 GHz Odd numbered wavelengths are used in level 0 • Even Numbered wavelengths are used in level 1 • A service – Simple circuit switched light paths • B service – Circuit switched service provides pre assigned time slots on light path • • • •

Level 0 End Node Combiner End Node End Node

AON
Bypass filter Splitter Level 1 AWG Combiner DEC
End Node

End Node Splitter End Node Bypass filter

MIT campus End Node

NTT Ring Testbed
• Unidirectional Ring • One Hub node, Many Access nodes • Protection:  1. If Working fiber is lost, protection fiber will loop the traffic  2. 1+1 path protection – where same traffic is sent on both the working and protection fibers in opposite directions

NTT Ring Testbed
Hub Node λ1λ2λ3λ4λ4λ3λ2λ1

λ2Access node 2λ2 Protection fiber Working Fiber

λ1Access node 1λ1

NTT Ring Testbed
Hub Node λ1λ2λ3λ4λ4λ3λ2λ1

λ2Access node 2λ2 Protection fiber Working Fiber

λ1Access node 1λ1

NTT Ring Testbed 1+1 pathprotection Hub Node
λ1λ2λ3λ4λ4λ3λ2λ1

λ2Access node 2λ2 Protection fiber Working Fiber

λ1Access node 1λ1

NTT Ring Testbed
Hub Node λ1λ2λ3λ4λ4λ3λ2λ1

λ2Access node 2λ2 Protection fiber Working Fiber

λ1Access node 1λ1

Coupler n Fiber

Node Architecture of NTT Testbed Protectio
EDFA EDFA OADM

Coupler

Switch Working EDFA Fiber EDFA OADM

Level equalizer

Switch

Loop back Receivers Switch

Loop back Transmitte rs

MWTN (Multi-wavelength Transport N/W)
• Channel selection is done by electronic thin film based filters • Channel powers were equalized using separate attenuators for each channel • Protection  Each wavelength carry a pilot tone used to detect and solve failure

MWTN Optical Cross Connect
Switch

Switch Attenuators Monitor : :

Switch

Transmitte

Receiver s

MWTN optical add/drop multiplexer
Transmitter Receiver Monitor OADM Switch Switch

Monitor

Monitor

EDFA

Monitor Monitor

ONTC (Optical Network Technology Consortium)
• 4 wavelengths • EDFA after each node to compensate failures • Each node has 10-dB coupler

ONTC
Access Node Access Node

OADM

OADM

OXC

OADM

OADM

Access Node

Access Node

OADM and an Access node in ONTC
λ1 λ2 λ3 λ4 Switch Switch Switch Switch

Receiver Array

Transmitter Array

ATM Switch

MONET
OADM OADM OADM Bell core Local exchange Testbed OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

AT&T Lucent long distance Testbed OADM OADM OADM

OXC Transmitters Receivers

ALCATEL’s OADM
Filter Working Fiber Filter Protectio n Fiber Filter Coupler Transmitte rs Filter Receivers …… Data …… Data Switch OEO Switch OEO Working Fiber

Protectio n Fiber