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SERVER – a process, module,
object or computer that
provides services to another
CLIENT – a process, module,
object or computer that
requests services from one or
more servers

Client/Server Architecture – is a general model of software organization and behavior that can be implemented in many different ways. .


The architectural issues to be addressed when designing client/server software are: • • • Decomposing software into client and server programs or objects Determining which clients and servers will execute on which computer systems Designing the communication protocols and networks that connect clients and servers .

Client Process or Object Client Verification Service Credit Data Store .


Client/server architecture advantages: • Location Flexibility • Scalability • Maintainability .

Client/server architecture disadvantages: •• Additional complexity Potential Poor Performance • Security Issues • Reliability .

business logic layer. and data layer View layer the part of the three-layer architecture that contains the user interface Business logic layer or domain layer the part of a three-layer architecture that contains the programs that implement the business rules and processes Data layer the part of a three-layer architecture that interacts with the data .Three Layer Architecture Three Layer Client-Server Architecture a client/server architecture that divides an application into view layer.


Middleware Computer software that implements communication protocols on the network and helps different systems communicate .

Internet and Web-Based Approach Web is complex example of client/server 13 architecture Web resources are managed by server processes Clients are programs that send HTTP requests to servers Web protocols HTTP/HTTPS define valid resource formats and communication standards Web protocols are stateless Web provides Internet access in ordinary applications .

which can be managed by and accessed via a web server. (.net) .Web-oriented architecture: use of service-oriented architecture (SOA)   SOA – architecture that packages application software into server software.

Advantages of Web-based approach Accessibility Low-cost Communication Widely Implemented Standards .

Disadvantages of Web-based approach Security Reliability Throughput Volatile Standards .

NETWORK DESIGN The key network design issues Integrating new network needs within existing infrastructure Describing local processing activity and network connectivity Describing the communication protocols and middleware Ensuring that sufficient network capacity is available .

NETWORK INTEGRATION Factors impacting network integration Connections for new servers Modifying routing and firewall configuration Expansion of capacity New communication protocols Modified security protocols Analyst may share or delegate tasks to the network administrator .


USE OF MIDDLEWARE Middleware Connects parts of an application Enables requests and data to pass among them Common types of middleware Teleprocessing monitors Transaction processing monitors Object request brokers (ORBs) Message queues Each type of middleware has its own set of protocols .