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PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Study this example situation:


Sarah is in his car. She is in her
way to work.
She is driving to work.
This means: she is driving now,
at the time of speaking.
The action is not finished

I am doing something: Im in the


middle of something; Ive started
doing something and I havent
finished yet.
Please dont make so much noise.
Im trying to study. (Not I try to
study)

FORM
AFFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

INTERROGATIV
E

P + VTOBE +
Ving +

P+VTOBE+NOT
+Ving

VTOBE+P+Ving
+.?

I am watching
T.V.

I am not
watching T.V.

Are you
watching T.V.?

Look at this example:

Steven is talking to a friend on the


phone. He says: Im reading a very
good book at the moment. Its about
a man who.
Steven is not reading the book at the
moment of speaking.
He means he has started it, but has not
finished yet.
He is in the middle of reading it.

You can use the present continuous


with today / this week / this year etc.
(periods around now)
You are working really hard today.
We use the present continuous when
we talk about changes happening
around now, especially with these
verbs: get, change, become, increase,
rise, fall, grow, improve, begin, start.
The population of the world is
increasing very fast.

Exercises.

SIMPLE PRESENT
Study this example situation

Drive(s), work(s), do(s) is the simple


present.

We use the simple present to talk


about things in general. We use it to
say something happens all the time
or repeatedly, or that something is
true in general.
Nurses look after patients in
hospitals.
I usually go away at weekends.
The Earth goes round the sun.
AFFIRMATIVE
I YOU-WEHE-SHE-IT
The caf opens
at 7.30 in the
THEY
morning.
P + VERB + .
P+VERBs+ .
I LIVE IN
SANTIAGO

PAULA LIVES IN
SANTIAGO.

We use do/does to make questions


and negative sentences.
INTERROGATIVE

NEGATIVE

DO: I YOU, WE,


THEY

DONT: I, YOU, WE,


THEY

DOES: HE, SHE, IT DOESNT: HE, SHE,


IT

I come from Canada. Where do you


come from?
Rice doesnt grow in cold climates.

The use simple present to say how


often we do things:
I always go to bed at 23.00
Something we do things by saying
something. For example, when you
promise to do something you can
say I promise; when you suggest
something you can say I suggest.
I promise I wont be late
He suggests me to read that book.

Exercises

PRESENT CONTINUOUS vs.


PRESENTE SIMPLE.
CONTINUOUS

SIMPLE

We use the
We use the simple
continuous for
for things in
things happening at
general or things
or around the time
that happen
of speaking.
repeatedly.
The action is not
Water boils at 100
complete.
degrees Celsius
The water is boiling.
Can you turn it off?

EXERCISES