4 views

Uploaded by Sandra Enn Bahinting

All about real numbers and its properties. moreover, algebraic expressions are included too.

- Aclc Algebra Syllabus
- Scilab Part I (1)
- An introduction to complex numbers.pdf
- AB1 Set Notation and Number Sets
- 9_math_polynomials.pdf
- lesson plan 3 06 19
- Mat100 Week2 Rev.doc-1
- Calculo Avanzado Murray
- Classifying Real Numbers
- Quiz 1 d 1 Wzkv 1
- Chapter 1
- Mat100 Week2 Rev
- vaxcjvlcvwvciwjv
- fa14-mth321_ch01.pdf
- The Great Idea of Brook Taylor
- MATHS NUMBER AND PLACE VALUE WORKBOOK
- Developing Conceptions of Algebraic Reasoning in the Primary Grades
- Ssc Syllabus
- Module 3 Rational Alg Exp
- FOR UPLOAD2.docx

You are on page 1of 29

A

The Set of Real

Numbers and

its Properties

Prepared by:

Engr. Sandra Enn

Bahinting

OUTLINE

REAL

NUMBERS

PROPERTIES

and CATEGORIES of

REAL NUMBERS

ALGEBRAIC

EXPRESSIONS

POLYNOMIALS

Algebra

REAL NUMBERS

Real Numbers are every number

Any number that you can find on the number line

It has two categories.

Algebra

- if a is to the left of b on the number line, a

<b

- if a is to the right of b on the number line,

a>b

Algebra

Diagram

REAL NUMBERS

RATIONAL

NUMBERS

INTEGERS

WHOLE

NUMBERS

NATURAL

NUMBERS

IRRATIONAL

NUMBERS

Terminating and

Repeating

Decimals

Negative

Numbers

Zero

Non-Terminating

and

Non-repeating

Decimals

Algebra

Rational Numbers

A real number that can be written

as a fraction

Rational Numbers written in

decimal form are terminating or

repeating

Algebra

Example

-3/7

46 = 46/1

0.17 = 17/100

= 5

Repeating

= 0.5000

2/3 = 0.666666

9/7 = 1.285714285714

Terminating

3.56

Algebra

Integers

Integers are the whole

numbers and their opposites

Consist of the numbers

together with their negatives

and 0

Example:

6, -12, 0, 143, -836

Algebra

Types of Integers

Natural

1,2,3,4,5,

N = {1,2,3,4,5 }

Whole

including zero. They are 0,1,2,3,4,5..

W = {0,1,2,3,4,5..}

W=0+N

Negative

Algebra

Irrational Numbers

A number that cannot be written as a

fraction of two integers

Irrational numbers written as decimals are

non-terminating and non-repeating

Example:

= 1.414213562373095

= 3.14159265.

Algebra

Properties of REAL

NUMBERS

Closure Property

Let a, b, and c represent real numbers

1.

Algebra

2. Commutative Property

3. Associative Property

Algebra

4. Distributive Properties

5. Identity Property

6. Inverse Property

Algebra

Addition and Subtraction

Subtraction

addition

a - b = a + (-b)

Algebra

Multiplication and

Division

Division

divide by a number, we multiply by the inverse of

that number. If b 0, then, by definition

a b = a 1/b

= a/b (quotient)

Example:

6 3 = 6 1/3

= 6/3

=2

Algebra

Exponential Notation

If a is any real number and n is a positive integer, then the nth

power of a is

Algebra

Algebra

Algebraic Expressions

combination of variables and constants involving a

finite number of indicated operations on them.

(operations

such

as

addition,

subtraction,

multiplication, division, raising to a power and

extraction of a root).

symbols

Example:

a) 5

d ) 3 x 3z

b) 4 x

e)

c) xyz

x

3x

y

f ) 3 x y 3z

Terms:

Algebra

Variable

numbers.

Example: x, y, z

to stand for a fixed number

is a nonnegative integer.

Example: 13, 3x, -57, x, 4y, -2xy, or 520xy

Example: 3x+ 1,x - 4x, 2x + y, ory-y

Example

Algebra

Polynomial

polynomial has degree n. The monomials that make up the polynomial

are called the terms of the polynomial.

Algebra

Not a polynomial

Algebra

Coefficients

Coefficientis

of two types.

NumbersformNumerical coefficients

symbolsformliteral coefficients.

Example:

2xy = 2is the number or the Numerical coefficient

xy, the symbol, is the Literal Coefficient.

y

= Numerical coefficient is1

literal coefficient isy

Algebra

Multiplying Algebraic Expressions

Multiplying

Binomials

Example:

1.(2x+1) (3x-5)

2.(3t + 2)(7t 4)

3.(2r - 5s)(3r - 2s)

.

Multiplying

Example:

1.

2.

3.

Polynomials

Algebra

Special Products

Algebra

Example:

Sum and Difference

of same terms

Square of Sum

Square of Difference

Cube of Sum

Cube of Difference

Algebra

PASCAL TRIANGLE AND THE BINOMIAL THEOREM

The square of a binomial is a special case of the binomial

theorem, which gives a pattern for finding any positive integer

power of a binomial. The coefficient in the formula can be

found from the following array of numbers, known as Pascals

Triangle.

1

1 1

1 2 1

1 3 3 1

1 4 6 4 1

x y0 1

x y 1 x y

x y 2 x 2 2 xy y 2

x y 3 x3 3x 2 y 3xy 2 y 3

x y 4 x 4 4 x3 y 6 x 2 y 2 4 xy 3 y 4

Algebra

Algebra

Algebra

- Aclc Algebra SyllabusUploaded byLen Anastacio
- Scilab Part I (1)Uploaded bySkye Jaba
- An introduction to complex numbers.pdfUploaded byGus Edi
- AB1 Set Notation and Number SetsUploaded byKevin Roberts
- 9_math_polynomials.pdfUploaded bygocebuseski
- lesson plan 3 06 19Uploaded byapi-459684568
- Mat100 Week2 Rev.doc-1Uploaded byThalia Sanders
- Calculo Avanzado MurrayUploaded byJoel Nieto
- Classifying Real NumbersUploaded byarunatscribd1
- Quiz 1 d 1 Wzkv 1Uploaded byPranjal Singhal
- Chapter 1Uploaded byArvin Kumar Asogan
- Mat100 Week2 RevUploaded byThalia Sanders
- vaxcjvlcvwvciwjvUploaded byouhnarry
- fa14-mth321_ch01.pdfUploaded bydanish123hafeez
- The Great Idea of Brook TaylorUploaded byGeorge Mpantes mathematics teacher
- MATHS NUMBER AND PLACE VALUE WORKBOOKUploaded byMar Attard
- Developing Conceptions of Algebraic Reasoning in the Primary GradesUploaded byGreySi
- Ssc SyllabusUploaded byRathna
- Module 3 Rational Alg ExpUploaded byPhilip Jayson L. Lestojas
- FOR UPLOAD2.docxUploaded bycndymnch
- Math ISU Vals Version[1]Uploaded byPeter Leith
- Lemi 1.pdfUploaded byAnonymous xImtV0xO
- InfiniteUploaded bymahesh
- fulltext 2Uploaded byBaijayanta Das
- cca2 help videosUploaded byapi-228776201
- Complex NumbersUploaded byGus Edi
- Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Nationwide Examination SyllabusUploaded bySrikanth Naik A
- Correction Homework 9Uploaded bychuyenvien94
- AMC 2016Uploaded byMuthumanickam Mathiarasu
- VEDIC MATHSUploaded byGeorgettaP

- Particle Size DistributionUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Convective Mass TransferUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- CentrifugationUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Solids HandlingUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Solids (V=1)3bh) coneUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- SafetyUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Solid Extraction.pptxUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- CyclonesUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Lectures 7 - Solids (V=bh).pptxUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Industrial Process SafetyUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Chemical Process IndustriesUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Writing a Thesis ProposalUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Nuclear Energy-Alfonso Eva Napat TapangcoUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Lecture 4 - QuadrilateralsUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Homework 1Uploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Homework 1Uploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- SET IdentitiesUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Isothermal Temperature ReportUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- AbstractUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Equation Solution and Solution SetsUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Shell Momentum BalanceUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Lab ReportUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- 171Uploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Sandra Enn Bahinting Homework 2Uploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Molecular GeometryUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- StoichiometryUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting
- Factoring PolynomialsUploaded bySandra Enn Bahinting

- Linear AlgebraUploaded bySamarth Bansal
- Ecuaciones Diferenciales de 2 OrdenUploaded byJuan Jose Flores Fiallos
- Contributions to History of DeterminantsUploaded byadriellemendello
- Maths - Indefinite Integrals ProblemsUploaded bykouakis
- Tutorial 3Uploaded bySunit Jain
- Pag 142Uploaded bySuckaKing
- MATLAB Course - Part 1Uploaded byAbdo Ibro
- Fourier IntegralUploaded byAbhiram Giri
- Laplace TransformUploaded bytabtga
- Module versus Vector spaceUploaded byDr. P.K.Sharma
- DifferentialEquationsOfFirstOrderUnit-5.pdfUploaded bySricharan Atmakuri
- Numerical Instructions in Matlab and OctaveUploaded byjulian1606
- Matrix Theory and Applications With MATLABUploaded byFreddy Maxwell
- Laurent and Taylor SeriesUploaded byjeff_hammonds351
- An-Introduction-Theory-of-Spinors.pdfUploaded byColin Naturman
- ch7.4Uploaded byD.n.Prasad
- Explain and Use a Computer Algorithm for Using Gauss EliminationUploaded byMauricio Rojas Valdivia
- MATB42 s1Uploaded byjenny
- Trigonometry 1st Edition Blitzer Solutions ManualUploaded byAdelaide92
- Laplace_Table.pdfUploaded byVirgilio Velasco
- Linear AlgebraUploaded byGenaro gutierrez becerril
- MA515 Notes PastUploaded byabhikirk99
- Ch2 - MCR3U - ReviewUploaded byMohamed Ali
- 08. Trigonometric Ratios and Identities-2 - CopyUploaded bymahesh_hivarkar
- On the Smarandache totient function and the Smarandache power sequenceUploaded byRyanElias
- XII mathsUploaded byGuruKPO
- Questions on Function and i t fUploaded byNilansh Rajput
- Quadratic FormsUploaded byhodanit
- Fourier BasisUploaded byHassaan Ahmad
- diffunderintUploaded byDominic Mills