You are on page 1of 30

CONCEPT OF

RURAL AREA AND


DEVELOPMENT

CONCEPT OF RURAL AREA


AND DEVELOPMENT
DEFINITION AND SCOPE
2. CAUSES OF RURAL
BACKWARDNESS
3. NEED FOR RURAL
DEVELOPMENT
1.

Definition and Scope


RURAL DEVELOPMENT

rural development
multi-faceted,
dynamic,
interesting,
challenging,
controversial,

rural development
complex,
political

in nature,
full of hope and frustrations,
subject to a lot of meanings and
debate,
study and interpretations as there
are individuals conceptualizing,
thinking, and using it.

DEVELOPMENT
connotes

change in various
aspects of human life such as
physical, emotional, mental,
social, spiritual, cultural
including mans environment
and all the resources around
him and all those in his
capacity to control and develop.

RURAL DEVELOPMENT
(Rivera, 1980).

Rural

development is a
strategy designed to
improve the social and
economic status of
people living in the rural
areas (Rivera, 1980).

RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Katar Singh (1986)
Katar

Singh (1986) cited


Robert Chambers definition
(1983) of rural development
as the overall development of
the rural areas with a view to
improve the quality of life of
rural people.

Characteristics of Rural
Development
RD

is basically a
mandate of government
RD has wide coverage or
scope
RD

requires holistic
approach

Characteristics of Rural
Development

RD

involves partnership
RD is anchored on the
culture of the people
RD is working together
and sharing resources

Philosophy and Principles of Rural


Development

Rural

development is first and


foremost directed toward the
development of man and
society.
Rural development is a
continuing process
Rural development is a kind of
planned change
Rural development considers
existing resourcesnatural,

Philosophy and Principles of Rural


Development

Rural

development is thinking
local but acting global.
Rural development must be
anchored on sustainable
development giving due respect
to the protection of Gods gift
Rural development is political in
nature
Rural development is cultural
and it is influenced by the

Philosophy and Principles of Rural


Development

Rural

development is desired
and acted by the people
themselves a group
development target
Rural development involves
modernization of society where
computer technologies are now
in existent.

Principles of Rural Development

RD

programs are based on existing


resources and responsive to human
and community problems and
needs..
RD programs are desired, initiated,
planned and implemented by the
people themselves with assistance
and guidance from government
officials.

Principles of Rural Development

RD

programs are funded by


government funds with counterpart
funds from the people or the
community.
RD programs are anchored on the
development plan of the province,
district, city or town

Principles of Rural Development

RD

programs are comprehensive


involving all aspects of human lives.
RD programs are directed for the
welfare of the majority who are in
need of government support and
services.

Principles of Rural Development

RD

programs utilize local leadership


and organized groups in program
planning and implementation.
RD programs are implemented in
cooperation, complementation, or in
partnership with the private sector.

Principles of Rural Development

RD

programs considers local culture


and wisdom in matching them to
appropriate technological
developments.
RD programs must be
comprehensive, flexible and adapted
to human needs and wants

Scope of Rural Development


The

scope of rural
development is very
broad as it encompasses
the totality of human life
such as:

Scope of Rural Development


Agriculture,

Fisheries, Forestry and


Natural Resources Management
Micro, Small and Medium Scale
Industries
Irrigation Development
Domestic Water Resource
Development
Power and Energy Utilization
Educational Programs and Services

Scope of Rural Development


Health

Programs and Services


Credit and Financing Institutions
Nutrition Programs and Services
Human Rights
Religious and Spiritual
Development
Sports and Recreation

Scope of Rural Development


Tourism

Development
Environmental Protection
Forest Management
Trading and Marketing
Local Governance
Cooperative Development
Values Development
Infrastructure Development
Agrarian Reform

CAUSES OF RURAL
BACKWARDNESS

CAUSES OF RURAL
BACKWARDNESS
Lack

of infrastructure

Rural areas tend to lack


sufficient roads that would increase
access to agricultural inputs and
markets.

CAUSES OF RURAL
BACKWARDNESS
Insufficient

access to markets

A lack of access tomarketswhether due to poor infrastructure or


productivity, limited education, or
insufficient information - prevents
access to both labor andcapital

CAUSES OF RURAL
BACKWARDNESS
Lack

of non-motorized loadcarrying wheeled vehicles


(handcarts and wheelbarrows)
Opening up of economies to
international trade
Education and social service
inadequacies

NEED FOR RURAL


DEVELOPMENT

NEED FOR RURAL


DEVELOPMENT
Promoting

poverty eradication in rural areas;

Promoting

pro-poor planning and budgeting


at the national and local levels;

Addressing

basic needs and enhancing


provision of and access to services as a
precursor to improve livelihoods and as an
enabling factor of peoples engagement in
productive activities;

NEED FOR RURAL


DEVELOPMENT
Providing

social protection programs to benefit, the


vulnerable households, in particular the aged,
persons with disabilities and unemployed many of
whom are in rural areas.

Build

social capital and resilience in rural


communities.

Strengthen

the human capacities of rural people.

Invest

in essential infrastructure and services for


rural communities

END
Thank you!!!