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IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION ON

EDUCATION SECTOR

INTRODUCTION TO GLOBALISATION

The term globalisation is generally used to describe an increasing internationalisation of markets for goods and services, the means of production, financial systems, competition, corporations, technology and industries. In turn, this gives rise to increased mobility of capital, faster propagation of technological innovations and an increasing interdependency and uniformity of national markets

GLOBALISATION AND EDUCATION

Globalisation is a process, which has affected many areas of human life, one of those being education. In the twentieth century, many developing countries have experienced growth in the educational facilities available to them due to the entry of institutions from the West. Some believe that this process is an invaluable opportunity for the people of the developing countries to raise their skills and standards of education. Others fear that it is merely a modern version of cultural imperialism that will lead to the creation of a universal, ultimately Western society.

Education is undergoing constant changes under the effects of globalisation. The effects of globalisation on education bring rapid developments in technology and communications are foreseeing changes within learning systems across the world as ideas, values and knowledge, changing the roles of students and teachers, and producing a shift in society from industrialisation towards an information-based society. It reflects the effect on culture and brings about a new form of cultural imperialism. The rise of new cultural imperialism is shaping children, the future citizens of the world into ‘global citizens’, intelligent people with a broad range of skills and knowledge to apply to a competitive, information based society. Globalisation and technological advancements are delivering and increasing access to the world and subsequently subjects should reflect this global outlook. The internationalisation of higher education can be linked to various internal and external changes in the international system.

Externally, there have been changes in the labour market, which have resulted in calls for more knowledge and skilled workers, and workers with deeper understandings of languages, cultures and business methods all over the world. Education is becoming more invaluable to individuals. In today's environment, education provides individuals with a better chance of employment, which in turn leads to a better lifestyle, power and status. The commodification of knowledge as intellectual property has occurred particularly with regard to connecting the intellectual work of universities with community, business, and government interests and priorities. While such a tendency is often welcomed by so-called applied disciplines, it causes tensions between the more profitable applied subjects of science and technology, and those of basic theoretical enquiry, particularly in arts and humanities. It also creates institutional winners and losers. This paper analyse the effect of globalisation on education and also discusses about the impact of globalisation on higher education, regulations, culture, allocation of operation funds etc.

Union Budget 2010 Impact on education sector

The Finance Minister in his Union budget 2010 speech suggested the restoration of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 which formulates a legal agenda for privileges of children falling under the age group of 6 to 14 years. He also notified the achievements of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) launched by the government, in the field of education and improving infrastructure for basic education. Mr Mukherjee suggested a monetary hike for elementary education to Rs.31, 036 crore in the current fiscal year against the previous Rs.26, 800 crore, in addition all states access to basic education with a grant of Rs.3, 675 crore for 2010-11.

Union Budget 2010 feedbacks from university and corporate circles

There has been a mixed response from people on initiatives proposed by the Finance Minister in education sector. While some call it a balanced budget, others feel that the need for subsidizing corporate sector to train freshers has been ignored. According to corporate houses, the involvement of big firms in the graduate level education should have been listed in the agenda to trigger the employability of undergraduates. Moreover, the involvement of private industry in association with government should be encouraged to polish the skills of the students. The response from students and business professionals has not been positive. They believe that higher education was completely ignored by the Finance Minister and more importance was given to elementary and basic education by allocating a 16% hike.

Education in Republic of India

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Ministry of Human Resource Development (India) -Union Minister for Ministry of Human Resource Development Kapil Sibal Primary Languages:Hindi and English System Type:fdgf LiteracyTotal:60% Male:75.26% Female:53.63% Secondary:15%

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

Collective bargaining shapes the way public schools are organized, financed, staffed, and operated. Understanding collective bargaining in education and its impact on the day-to-day life of schools is critical to designing and implementing reforms that will successfully raise student achievement. But when it comes to public discussion of school reform, teachers unions are the proverbial elephant in the room. Despite the tremendous influence of teachers unions, there has not been a significant research-based book examining the role of collective bargaining in education in more than two decades. As a result, there is little basis for a constructive, empirically grounded dialogue about the role of teachers unions in education today. This timely and comprehensive volume offers a thorough and nuanced analysis of the available research and varied perspectives on its implications. It will spur and strengthen public debate over the role of teachers unions in education reform for years to come.

UNIONS IN INDIA

All India Federation of Educational Associations, AIFEA All India Primary Teachers Federation, AIPTF All India Secondary Teachers' Federation, AISTF All Indian Federation of Teachers Organisations,

CHANGING FACE OF EDUCATION
WOMENS EDUCATION BEFORE AND AFTER

PUBLIC SCHOOL

PRIVATE SCHOOL

BEFORE

AFTER