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BHAGYANAGAR

GASLTD

BHAGYANAGAR
GAS
ECO-FRIENDLY FUELS
(REGISTERED OFFICE: PARISHRAM BHAWAN’
BASHEERBAGH
HYDERABAD-500004)
JOINT VENTURE

 Gail(India)Ltd.
 HPCL
 APIIC
 KSPL

(INCORPORATED ON 22ND AUGUST


2003)
POLLUTION

• Sources of Pollution :
– Industries
– Transport Sector
– Domestic Sector

• Emissions from Fossil fuels - serious air quality problems

• Alternate fuels like CNG, LPG, Propane with clean


emission characteristics – increase in usage required

• Tighter product specifications in conventional fuels and


cleaner emission technologies
COMMON POLLUTANTS

 CO2
 NOx
 TOXINS
 CO
 Sox
 PARTICULATE MATTER
 UNBURNT HYDROCARBONS
ECO FRIENDLY FUELS

• NATURAL GAS

• CNG

• LPG

• PROPANE

• HYDROGEN
EMISSIONS WITH
CNG Vs CONVENTIONAL FUELS

Diesel Buses

Source : Ashok Leyland


COMPARISON OF POLLUTANTS
WITH PETROL & CNG
Reduction in mass emission with CNG :

Pollutant Petrol CNG % Reduction

(gm/km)

CO 5.19 0.018 99

HC 0.335 0.16 52

NOx 1.19 0.764 36

SOx 0.44 Negligible 100

Particulates 0.05 Negligible 100


ECONOMY WITH CNG

 PER KG CNG COST < Petrol and Diesel

 Vehicle maintenance cost lower than other vehicles due to


better fuel quality of CNG

 Clean burning characteristics of CNG


⇒  increase in spark plug life
 reduced number of oil changes
 lesser wear of engine components
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
LPG
• Low emissions of SPM, CO, NOx and unburnt hydrocarbons
• Non-toxic and non-poisonous
• No heavy metals

Compared to gasoline (ULSP), LPG yields


• 50% less CO
• 35% less NOx
• 40% less hydrocarbons
• 10% less CO2
• 50% less ozone forming potential
ADVANTAGES OF LPG AS FUEL

• Cleaner emission characteristics


• High Octane Number
• Easily transportable & can be stored in stand-alone facilities
• Simple dispensing facilities which can be operated with
minimum support infrastructure
• Lower fuel cost per kilometer
• Longer engine life
• Less consumption of engine oil
• Driving range equivalent to gasoline
PROPANE AS AUTO FUEL

Similar to LPG, Propane is an environment friendly fuel

Advantages of propane as vehicular fuel include


– Clean emission characteristics (lower levels of CO,
hydrocarbons, NOx, etc. as compared to Gasoline)
– Competitive fuel cost
– Low maintenance cost of vehicle
– High performance

According to National Propane Gas Association, USA propane


engines can last 2 to 3 times longer than gasoline or diesel engines
VISION - B.G.L.

 To provide eco-friendly fuels and related


services for Automobiles, domestic and
commercial users in the state of
ANDHRA PRADESH with focus on
customer satisfaction and new
technologies.
OBJECTIVES
 CITY GAS& CNG DISTRIBUTION IN VARIOUS CITIES
 TO START WITH VIJAYWADA AND HYDERABAD –
SECUNDERABAD
 TO PROVIDE LPG FOR AUTOMOBILES TO START
WITH TIRUPATHI AND TWIN CITY
 TO PROVIDE NATURAL GAS/LPG TO SMALL SCALE
INDUSTRIES and COMMERCIAL CENTRES NOT ON
ECO-FRIENDLY FUELS
 ASSIST IN TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND USE
OF ECO FRIENDLY APPLIANCES LIKE GAS BASED
AIR CONDITIONING ETC
Contd..
 Work out strategy for conversion of diesel buses to
CNG jointly with Government
 Work out Safe LPG distribution system in twin city
jointly with Government.
 Examine and implement safe CNG and LPG grid
based distribution for city outlets.
 Develop plan for other cities of Andhra Pradesh