BASIK MEKANIK

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BASIK MEKANIK

© All Rights Reserved

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DEPARTEMENT, PUSDIKLAT

MIGAS CEPU , CENTRAL-JAVA

Kp Baru, Cepu and Villa Jatirasa

Bekasi, West-Java.

(0296)-421888 ext 217,08170950970

FORCE

PRESSURE

WORK, POWER AND ENERGY

MECHANICAL CONSTRUCTION

Velocity : Definition

Time (t) = 4 seconds

Car 1

Time (t) = 4 seconds

Time (t) = 2 seconds

Car 2

it is the change in position that occurs during a

given time.

The unit of velocity in the SI system is the metre

per seconds (m/s).

V = Velocity

[m/s]

[m]

t = Time

[s]

Example

Pipe

Crude

5 [m]

determine velocity of crude oil ?

Answer :

S = 5 [m]

t = 5 [seconds]

V = S/t = 5 m / 5 s = 1 [m/s]

the change in velocity that occurs during a given time.

seconds squared (m/s2).

a

Vt

Vo

T

= Final Velocity [m/s]

= Original Velocity [m/s]

= Time [s].

Example :

seconds later it is found to be moving to the right at a velocity of 30

[m/s],Find the Acceleration of a bodys !

Answer :

Vt = 30 [m/s] , Vo = 10 [m/s , t = 4 [seconds]

a = (Vt Vo) /t

a = ( 30 10) / 4

a = 20 / 4 = 5 [m/s2]

tends to change its size or shape, it is state of rest, or it

is state of motion. In the SI system, the unit of force is

called the Newton (N).

F

For all cases :

m = The quantity of matter a body contains [kg]

a = Acceleration of a body [ m/s2]

Example :

[m/s2]. What force is required ?

F1 = 10 [N]

m = 2 [kg]

600

a direction normal to or at right angle to a surface.

Pressure (P)

= Force (F)

Area (A)

F

P = (2.t.F.E.S) /D

P = Pressure in pipe (maximum), psig

D = Outside Diameter , in

E = Longitudinal Joint Factot

S = Allowable Stress in material, psi

F = Design Factor

piping System

F = 0,8 : Based on actual operation condition.

F = 0,72 : Sparsely populated areas, farm, land, desert

F = 0,6 : Fringe areas around cities, town and villages

F = 0,5 : Resedential and industrial areas.

F = 0,4 : Dense areas with multi story buliding,traffic

heavy.

A53, with based actual operation

transfer crude oil from reservoir

tank to Refinery, operation

temperatur 600 deg F and use pipe

NPS 8 Sch 40.

Determine maximum allowable

pressure in pipe?

use to transfer crude oil from tank

to another tank if pipe NPS 6 Sch 40

Carbon steel seamless pipe,

operation temp 300 deg F (Farm

area), Maximum operation

pressurre is 1000 psig ?

through a distance, then work is done. Work is the

product of the force applied (Newton) and the

distance moved (metres)

Work done

displacement. Power is the rate of doing work in

giventime.

Time

EXERCISE :

Where the bouth of car will be meet ?

1.

V = 10 [m/s]

Car 1

Car 2

V = 5 [m/s]

B

20,000 [m]

EXERCISE :

STORAGE TANK

2.

Fill the tank full ?

10 [m]

Flow Capacity

of Crude Oil

1 [m3/s]

EXERCISE :

PUSDIKLAT MIGAS

EXERCISE :

v [m/s]

1.

20

10

10

t [s]

EXERCISE :

V2 = 2 [m/s]

V1 = 1 [m/s]

2.

A

7

[cm]

R 3.5 [cm]

B

12

[m]

V3 = 2 [m/s]

V4 = 4 [m/s]

D

D = 2 [cm]

t

2m

PUMP

Pressure of Clynder ?

Power of pump needs?

LOAD

= 10 [s]

pipe A

20 in

pipe B

20 in

80 in

pipe C

30 in

Determine :

a.Time needs crude oil move from point X to Y .

b.Specification pipe A, B and C, (Carbon Steel seamles pipe)

40 in

Data :

a.Based on actual operation

b.Crude oil temperatur 500 deg F.

c.Qapacity 30 m3/s

d.Pipe A NPS 6 Sch 40, Pipe B NPS 8 Sch 40, Pipe C NPS 4 Sch 40

e.Pressure in pipe A : 1088 psig

f.Pressure in pipe B : 765 psig

g.Pressure in pipe C : 1820 psig

h.Carbon steel pipe seamless.

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