Information science

Outline of Information sciences
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What is information ? Concept of information. Definition of information science. Aspects of information science. Scope of Information Sciences. Object of Information sciences. Theories of Information sciences. Relation between Information sciences and IT Rang Nathan's spiral of scientific method

What is Information
 “Information is that which is transmitted by
the act or process of communication, it may be a message, signal, a stimulus, it assumes a response in receiving organism and therefore possess, response potential, it is instrumental and it usually communicated in an organized or formalized pattern” - Shera

Concept of information science

Definition of Information sciences
Information science (also information studies) is an

interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information.[1] Information science studies the application and usage of knowledge in organizations, and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems. It is often (mistakenly) considered a branch of computer science. It is actually a broad, interdisciplinary field, incorporating not only aspects of computer science, but also library science, cognitive science, and the social sciences.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Definition of Information sciences
“Information science is an interdisciplinary science that investigates the properties and behavior of information, the forces that govern the flow and use of information, and the techniques, both manual and mechanical, of processing information for optimal storage, retrieval and dissemination. This interdisciplinary science is derived from and related to such fields as mathematics, logic, linguistics, psychology, computer technology, operations research, graphic arts, communications, library science, management and other similar fields.” According to Borko

Aspects of information science
1.Theoritical aspects 2.Practical aspects

Scope of information science

Object of Information sciences
 It should provide the major role of
information service  Specify the components of an information system and indicate their relationship 1. What information services are to be provided and how ? 2. What results are expected of a specific service ? 3. What are the roles and responsibilities of the information specialists ?

4.What special skills are needed in planning and execution of a services ? 5. What are roles, responsibility of users visà-vis the information services administration and staff ?  Must help in the establishment of performance goals and determine the priorities in providing information services  Help in establish a sound body of policies

Theories of information science

Martin Leupolt theory

Information science relationship of IT
 Definition of IT
Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." In short, IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information, securely.

Basic part of IT
 Computer
1.Hardware of computer 2.Operating system of computer  Telecommunication network 2.Telephone network 3.Radio network 4.Television network 5.Internet

Ranganathan’s spiral of scientific method

 Spiral of Scientific Method
1. First Sector 2.Second Sector 3. Third Sector 4. Fourth Sector  Helpfulness of the Spiral of Scientific Method