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A

PRESENTATION
ON
BLACK
BOX

SUBMITTED
BY:SURYA VEER
1041210197
Group X3

PLAN OF PRESENTATION
INTRODUCTION
HISTORY
INSIDE THE BLACK BOX
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDERS (CVR)
FLIGHT DATA RECORDERS (FDR)
TECHNOLOGY USED FOR RECORDING AND STORAGE
HOW TRANSMISSION TAKES PLACE
BUILT TO SURVIVE
TESTING A CSMU
UNDERWATER LOCATER BEACON
RETRIEVING INFORMATION
OTHRE USES OF BLACKBOX
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION
The Black Box is a Flight Recorder used to record specific
aircraft performance parameters.
With any airplane crash, there are many unanswered
questions as to what brought the plane down.
Investigators turn to the airplane's flight data
recorder.(FDR) and cockpit voice recorder (CVR), also
known as "black boxes," for answers.
In Flight 261, the FDR contained 48 parameters of flight
data, and the CVR recorded a little more than 30 minutes
of conversation and other audible cockpit noises.

HISTORY
The first prototype FDR was produced in 1956 by Dr. David
Warren of Aeronautical Research Laboratories of Melbourne,
Australia.

INSIDE THE BLACKBOX


COCKPIT VOICE RECORDERS

FLIGHT DATA RECORDERS

COCKPIT VOICE
RECORDERS
CVR is designed to track the conversations of the
flight crew.

The Positions Of The Four


Microphones
Pilots headset
Co-pilots headset
Headset of a third crew member (if there is a third crew
member)
Near the center of the cockpit, where it can pick up audio
alerts and other sounds

FLIGHT DATA RECORDERS


The Flight Data Recorder (FDR) is designed to record
the operating data from the planes system.

Parameters Recorded By Most


FDRs:
Time
Pressure altitude
Airspeed
Vertical acceleration
Magnetic heading
Control-column position
Rudder-pedal position
Control-wheel position
Horizontal stabilizer
Fuel flow

Technology used for Recording


and Storage:
Magnetic Tape

Solid-State Technology

RECORDING AND
STORAGE(MAGNETIC TAPE)

SOLID-STATE
TECHNOLOGY
Solid-state recorders are considered much more reliable
than their magnetic-tape counterparts.
Solid state uses stacked arrays of memory chips
Boards are about 1.75 inches (4.45 cm) in diameter and 1
inch (2.54 cm) tall.

TRANSMISSION OF DATA

Data from both the CVR and FDR is stored on stacked memory
boards inside the crash-survivable memory unit (CSMU).
All of the data collected by the airplane's sensors is sent to the
flight-data acquisition unit (FDAU) at the front of the aircraft .

BUILT TO SURVIVE (CRASHSURVIVAL MEMORY UNITS-CSMU)


In many airline accidents, the only device that survive.
Basic protection elements are:Aluminum housing
High-temperature insulation
Stainless-steel shell
The rest of the recorders, chasis and inner components are
mangled.

TESTING A CSMU
There are several tests that make up the crash survival
sequence: Crash impact
Pin drop
Static crush
Fire test
Deep-sea submersion
Salt-water submersion
Fluid immersion

UNDERWATER LOCATOR
BEACON
Black boxes are equipped with an
underwater locator beacon (ULB).
Cylinder is actually a beacon.
Beacon sends out an ultrasonic pulse
submergence sensor

RETRIEVING INFORMATION
This portable interface can allow
investigators quick access to the
data on a black box.
With solid-state recorders

CONCLUSION
From the study of Black Box we derived a information
that how the information about aircraft mishap is
analyzed & unanswered question is answered.
In this study we discuss about various technology
various aspects involved in black box.

REFERENCES
www.google.com
www.aerospaceweb.org
www.aerodynamics.com
www.popularmechanics.com
www.avista.com

THANK YOU