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Multimedia Storytelling

JOUR 203

Audio Wrap-Up/Photo Week 1:


Visual Thinking, Shot Variety,
Photo Ethics, Captions

Chris Harper Mercer

Discussion
What was
your hook?

Comments on Last Homework

Comments on Last Homework

Audio Ethics
During the Interview:
Its not ok to tell someone what to say.

Audio Ethics
During the Interview:
Its not ok to tell someone what to say.
Get permission from the interviewee.

Audio Ethics
At the Editing Suite:
Rule #1: Never change the meaning of what

the interviewee said.

Audio Ethics
Rule #1: Never change the meaning of what

the interviewee said.


Um, cut out ums and ers though

Audio Ethics
Rule #1: Never change the meaning of what

the interviewee said.


Um, cut out ums and ers though
And its ok to cut out extra words

Audio Ethics
Rule #1: Never change the meaning of what

the interviewee said.


Um, cut out ums and ers though
And its ok to cut out extra words
Re-ordering is usually ok

Audio Ethics
It's okay, even recommended, that you will cut

out extraneous words.

Before editing: "I think that, you know, that,


the university should lower tuition fees."
After editing: "The university should lower
tuition fees."

Audio Ethics

Sound effects? Mostly no.


Special effects, including sound effects,
should be used with particular care in the
presentation of journalistic material. On the
rare occasions when they are used, rigorous
judgment must be applied to ensure that
they do not distort reality or have the effect
of producing editorial comment.

-- The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's Guide


to Journalistic Standards and Practices

Audio Ethics
Using fake sound in radio may be harder to

detect, but it is the equivalent of manipulating


photos.

Todays Goals
Take pictures that
capture an event in a
format suitable for a
newspaper or
magazine.

Todays Goals
Take pictures that
capture an event in a
format suitable for a
newspaper or
magazine.

* Basic photo
conceptualizing
and framing for
photojournalism
* AP caption
style

Photojournalism

Photojournalism
"The camera is an instrument that

teaches people how to see without a


camera." Dorothea Lange

What Photo Editors Look For

Joe Elbert (Washington Post Photo editor)s 4


major categories:

What Photo Editors Look For

Joe Elbert (Washington Post Photo editor)s 4


major categories:

#1 Informational: Who, What, Why, When,


Where, How

This undated photo released by the Egyptian Supreme Council of


Antiquities in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday Feb. 28, 2010, shows the newly
unearthed 3,400year old red granite head, part of a huge statue of the
ancient pharaoh Amenhotep III, at the pharaoh's mortuary temple in the
city of Luxor. Egypt's Culture Ministry says a team of Egyptian and
European archaeologists has unearthed a large head made of red granite
of an ancient pharaoh who ruled Egypt some 3,400 years ago.(AP Photo/
Supreme Council of An9qui9es)

What Photo Editors Look For

Joe Elbert (Washington Post Photo editor)s 4


major categories:

#2 Graphic: Attempt to make the mundane


interesting through composition

What Photo Editors Look For

Joe Elbert (Washington Post Photo editor)s 4


major categories:

#3 Emotional: Cause viewer to feel something


about the subject

What Photo Editors Look For

Joe Elbert (Washington Post Photo editor)s 4


major categories:

#4 Intimate: Make viewer feel close to the


situation or subject

Shot Variety

Overall Shot

Medium Shot

Medium Shot

Close-Up Shot

High/Low-Angle Shot

More Examples

Composition

Rule of Thirds

More Examples

Lighting

Lighting
Main light source should generally be behind

you.

Lighting
Main light source should generally be behind

you.
Dont photograph someone in front of a

window (same rule really)

Photo Ethics
3 Basic Approaches:
#1 Utilitarian: The greatest good for the

greatest number of people.

Photo Ethics
3 Basic Approaches:

#2 Absolutist: Strict/fundamental about


beliefs. i.e. People have the right to
privacy.

Photo Ethics
3 Basic Approaches:

#3 The Golden Rule: Do unto others as


you would have them do unto you.

Dont Stage Anything!

Dont Stage Anything!

Dont Stage Anything!

Dont Stage Anything!


Pyramids were

squeezed together
digitally to fit the
cover's vertical format

Photo Ethics (Digital)

Clouds were cloned in Photoshop to make

it look more severe than it was.

Captions
Start with the most newsworthy, interesting, or

unusual facts.

Captions
AP Caption Style:

#1 First sentence describes what the


photo shows, in the present tense, and
states where and when the photo was
made (i.e. Friday, March 5, 2010)

Captions
AP Caption Style:

#2 The second sentence gives


background on the news event or
describes why the photo is significant.

Captions
AP Caption Style:

#3 Stick to two sentences if at all


possible, while including relevant
information. Try to anticipate what a
newspaper editor or reader will need.

Captions
AP Caption Style:

#4 End with photo credit


information.Photographer and affiliation
in parentheses.

Example: (At a Glance/Jeff Young)

Captions
AP Caption Style:

#5 Get names of central figures in


photographs!

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry attends the United Nations


Security Council, Wednesday, Sept. 30, 2015, at the U.N.
headquarters. During the meeting, Kerry delivered remarks
encouraging the international community to end the conflict in
Syria. (AP Photo/Kevin Hagen)

A soldier from the South Korean army special forces breaks stone plates with
his hand during a rehearsal for the 67th anniversary of Armed Forces Day at
the Gyeryong military headquarters in Gyeryong, South Korea, Wednesday,
Sept. 30, 2015. South Korea will celebrate the 67th Armed Forces Day on
Oct. 1. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

Practice
Inclass assignment:
"U of Maryland in three photos." Your editor
wants three images for a story titled "My U of
M": one overall, one medium, and one close
up (detail) shot that relates your view of
campus.
At least one shot should have a caption.
Post to blog before end of class.

Homework

Photo Assignment #1: Capturing an event in pictures.

Submit three photos of a newsworthy event.

Must include one overall, one medium-shot, and one detail


shot.

Each image must include a caption formatted in AP caption


style.

Post the three images to the blog by 10 pm Thur all as one


blog post, with the title: Your Name: Event Photos

Required Reading: Photojournalism: The Professionals'


Approach. Visual Variety, pp. 14-24. (ELMS)