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THE BAROQUE

THE BAROQUE

FEATURES
Baroque architectureis the building
style of theBaroque era, begun in late
sixteenth century in Italy, that took
theRomanvocabulary of Renaissance
architectureand used it in a new
rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to
express the triumph of theCatholic
Churchand the absolutist state. It was
characterized by new explorations of form,
light and shadow and dramatic intensity.

Distinctive features of Baroque


architecture can include:
In churches, broader naves and sometimes
given oval forms
Fragmentary or deliberately incomplete
architectural elements
dramatic use of light; either strong lightand-shade contrasts (chiaroscuroeffects)
or uniform lighting by means of several
windows .

The Baroque in
Europe
SPAIN

POLAND

FRANCE

ROMANIA
TURKEY

SPAIN
As Italian Baroque influences penetrated across thePyrenees,
they gradually superseded in popularity the restrained
classicizing approach ofJuan de Herrera, which had been in
vogue since the late 16th century. As early as 1667, the
faades ofGranada Cathedral(byAlonso Cano) andJan
Cathedral(byEufrasio Lpez de Rojas) suggest the artists'
fluency in interpreting traditional motifs of Spanish cathedral
architecture in the Baroque aesthetic idiom.
The west faade of the
Cathedral of Santiago
de Compostela

FRANCE
The centre of Baroque secular architecture was France, where
the open three-wing layout of the palace was established as
the canonical solution as early as the 16th century.
Versailles's chapel
Chteau de
Les
Invalidesin Paris

MAISON NEAR PARIS

ROMANIA
Some representative Baroque structures inTransylvania are
theBnffy PalaceinCluj-NAPOCA, theBrukenthal Palacein
Sibiuand the Bishopric PalaceinOradea. Besides, almost
every Transylvanian town has at least a Baroque church,
the most representatives of which being
St. George's CathedralofTimioara,
Saint John the Baptist ChurchofTrgu Mure, the
Holy Trinity CathedralofBlajand thePiarist ChurchofCluj.
Bnffy PalaceinCluj-Napoca,Transylvania

POLAND
The first Baroque church in the
PolishLithuanian Commonwealthwas the Corpus Christi
Church inNiasvizh,Belarus(15861593).It also holds a
distinction of being the first domed basilica with
Baroque faade in the Commonwealth and the first
Baroque piece of art in Eastern Europe
Church of St. AnneinKrakow
Wilanw PalaceinWarsaw

TURKEY
Istanbul, once the capital of theOttoman Empire, hosts many different
varieties of Baroque architecture. AsTurkish architecture(which is also a
combination of Islamic and Byzantine architecture) combined with
Baroque, a new style called Ottoman Baroque appeared. Baroque
architecture is mostly seen in mosques and palaces built in this
centuries.
The Clock Tower ofDolmabahe
Palace

Ortaky Mosque

BAROQUE IN ROME

Rome has plenty of big Baroque churches, like St.


Peters and St. John but some of the most amazing and
delightful work of men like Bernini and Borromini is
found in smaller, lesser known churches around the city.
What makes a Baroque church a great Baroque church is
a successful combination of curves, illusionistic spaces,
theatricality, and movement; the Baroque is florid
without being too flamboyant.

SantAndrea al Quirinale
Not surprisingly, this pearl of the Baroque
has the touch of the 17th-century genius Gian
Lorenzo Bernini. The master made use of
multi-coloured marbles, stucco, and gilding to
give the elliptical interior a typically Baroque
richness .

San Carlo alle Quattro


Fontane
If ever
architecture could be

described as tormented, this is it.


Curves and countercurves. Convexity
and concavity. A sense of expanding
space, pushingand pulling, in a very
confined interior, and you feel the
tension

SantIvo alla Sapienza

This church and its courtyard (the Biblioteca


Alessandriana) are a dramatic combination of
Baroque and Renaissance architecture. The
genius of Borromini is especially apparent in
SantIvos spiral dome, twisting its way up
from the triangular base of the church in the
most exultant, fanciful way .

THE END
WORK MADE BY
CIAMARRA PAOLA
CATERINA GOLINI PETRARCONE
GIAMARCO LOSI