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A TRAINING ON BTS NOKIA

INSTALLATION AND
COMMISSIONING
SUMITTED TO :-

DEPT. OF ECE

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PRESENTED BY,
SAURABH BANSAL
B.TECH (ECE)
Vth SEM
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Contents

Introduction about GSM system and BTS


Function.
Overview about BTS NOKIA (Flexi EDGE
BTS).
Outstanding features of Flexi EDGE BTS
Somes main Features of Flexi EDGE BTS
Guideline to Commissioning

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NOKIA FLEXI EDGE BTS


INSTALLETION
COMMISSIONING AND
PLANNING

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BASE TRANSCEIVER
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STATION
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. Monkey Wrench

Cable ties cutter

Side Cutter

.Measuring Tape (30M).


. Crimping Tool for 16Sq.mm to 70Sq.mm cables.

.Flash light ,pocket lamp or torch


. Torque Wrench set 6.7 101.7 NM . And 1 NM

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. Hammer Drill

. Extension Board.

. Drill with screw driver

. Marker Pen or Comparable tool

. Tool Case

. Scissor

. Multigrip Pliers

. Leveling tool

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TEST EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED FOR COMMISSIONING

1.VSWR METER

2. POWER METER

3. SITE MASTER

4. DIGITAL MULTIMETER

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WHAT IS GSM?
GSM is a TDMA based wireless network
technology developed in Europe that is used
throughout most of the world. GSM phones
make use of a SIM card to identify the user's
account. The use of the SIM card allows GSM
network users to quickly move their phone
number from one GSM phone to another by
simply moving the SIM card. Currently GSM
networks operate on the 850MHz, 900MHz,
1800MHz, and 1900MHz frequency bands.
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GSM SYSTEM
Um Interface

MS

TUP,ISUP

BTS

PSTN
ISDN
PSPDN

BSC
A Interface
MS

MSC/VLR
MAP

M
AP

BTS

BTS
MS

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BTS

HLR/AUC/EIR
SMC/VM
OMC (NOC and O&M)

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WHAT IS USE OF GSM BTS IN


FUTURE?
Two highlights in the rich development of
the
3G
networks
are
advanced
technologies and high efficiency.
the GSM network is the most widely
applied network in the world.
the GSM network is still favored and
constantly evolves due to the maturity of
technical
applications
and
business
models.
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Features of Flexi EDGE BTS & its fun


Interface between MS and BSC
Transmission function, which manage transfer
of traffic and control data between BTS and
BSC.
O&M Functions, which supervise the
operation of the BTS.
External Alarm collection.
Measure Uplink and downlink signal.
.

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SOME KINDS OF NOKIA BTS


Talk Family
Flexi talk (900/1800 2TRX)
City talk (900/1800 6TRX)
Intratalk (900/1800 6TRX)
1. Flexi talk GSM 900/1800 BTS 2TRX.
Flexitalk is Mini BTS located insite the house, office.. where another
Network cant cover it. It have only 2 TRX, using twisted cable or
coaxial cable (2Mbit/s).
2. City talk (900/1800 6TRX)
Called Indoor BTS, it can be able to use any where. Maximum
capacity is 6TRX. All kind of transmission is supported.
3. Intratalk (900/1800 6TRX)
Called outdoor BTS,

important position in the network


Ultra site:
Maximum capacity is 12TRX.
Support GPRS, EDGE
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SOME KINDS OF NOKIA BTS

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NOKIA FLEXI EDGE BTS

Features
FLEXI EDGE BTS is a Modular base station for
GSM/EDGE capacity and coverage.
Easy to install, reduce..
Taking the temparature from -33C +50 C
Support up to 24 TRX (12 hual TRXs)
Support Double Power TRX

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CONSTRUCTION OF FLEXI BTS


AND PREPARATION OF SITE

System module (ESMA)

Dual TRX module (EXxA)


Dual duplexer module (ERxA)
Transmission module
Power module
Wideband combiner (EWxA)

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EXTA GSM800
EXGA GSM900
EXDA GSM1800
EXPA GSM1900

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EDGE SYSTEM MODULE (ESMA)


Main features:
Module for BTS common functionalities and internal/external
connectionsSupports up to 6 DTRX modules (up to 12TRX)
5 main functions of the module:
BTS O&M: SW downloading and storing (2 * BTS SW),
configuration management, reference clock and alarms
BB switching: communication between modules via Ethernet
switch
BTS power distribution: single point for power intake and power
distribution to all modules
The BTS Software is stored in ESMA.
Connect to BSC by Abis interface

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EDGE SYSTEM MODULE (ESMA)


Synchronization
O
ut

PDU (power
distribution
unit)
6x48V to other
modules
6x Ethernet to
DTRX

PDU
(power
distribution
unit)
48V intake

1xEAC
(External
Alarm &
Control)
12x
alarm
inputs+6
x control
outputs

Site support
system, MIBBU
alarms (6), Aux
equipment Q1,
Local
Management
Port (LMP)

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EDGE SYSTEM MODULE


(ESMA)

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EDGE DUAL TRX MODULE (EXxA)

The Dual TRX Module is a two-carrier TRX.


Support Double Power TRX (DPTRX).
RF part with 2 independent transmit (TX) chains and 4 receive
(RX) chains
When using 2 TRX we have to use EWxA to combine 2
transceivers in one.
DTRX connected to system module via single Gigabit Ethernet
interface
Power feed from system module via single cable
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EDGE DUAL TRX MODULE (EXxA)

1xDTRX-DDU 1xPower

Phase feedback from WBC (DPTRX)


TX 1

4xRX

TX 2

1xBus

0-2xWideband combiners

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DUAL DUPLEXER MODULE (ERxA)


Dual duplexer (DDU) module together with Dual TRX create a logical Sector
module
Min 1 DDU per sector is needed
DDU is attached to DTRX module
DDU provides
duplex functionality to combine TX and RX signals to same antenna feeder
multicoupling
2 antenna connections (for 1 or 2 sectors)
2 TX inputs and 4+4 RX outputs (4 RX from antenna 1 and 4 RX from
antenna 2)
DDU contains
2 duplex filter
2 Low Noise Amplifiers (LNAs) with high/low gain support for RX signal
2 Bias-Ts with VSWR measurement functionality
TRX loop is controlled through the DDU
Common TRX loop for all TRXs in same sector
Loop can be performed from either TX to any of 8 RX outputs (only 1 TX and 1
RX can be simultaneously tested
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DUAL DUPLEXER MODULE (ERxA)

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WIDEBAND COMBINER (EWxA)

TxA, TxB use to combine 2 TxA


and TxB of EXxA.
Out is connected to ERxA (after
combining.
DP When use DPTRX.
EWGA
EWDA

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850/900 MHz Bands


1800 MHz Band

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The connection from ERxA to EXxA

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Cable Connections
2 TRX/1Sector

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Cable Connections
4 TRX/1Sector

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The general requirements for


the commissioning of gsm bts
1. Commissioning Resources:PC , Multimeter, Ethernet cable , GSM MSs for
testing Site Master, Light emitting diode
(LED),Flat-head screwdrive,Serial port cable
Site Information.
Board Software.
2. Commissioning Prerequisites:-

Hardware Requirements.
Software Requirements,
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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 1

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 2

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 3

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 4

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 5

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 6

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 7 (1.5 and 2.7)

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COMMISSIONING
Step 8

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 9

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COMMISSIONING
Step 10

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 11

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COMMISSIONING STEPS
Step 12

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COMMISSIONING STEPS

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Thanks for your attention.

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