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REPRODUCTIVE

HEALTH
Group 5

Reproductive Health is defined as a


state of physical, mental, and social
well-being in all matters relating to the
reproductive system, at all stages of
life.
(Galvez Tan, et al., 2009)

Reproductive health is crucial for it


paves the way for your social and
economic development.
Furthermore, it has also a great
influence in the health of the next
generation.

To aid the reproductive health needs of


the citizens, the government mandated
the RA 10354 or most commonly
known as the Responsible Parenthood
and reproductive Health Act.

The Responsible
Parenthood and
Reproductive Health Act

Pillar 1: INFORMED CHOICE


-effective and quality reproductive
healthcare services, which are ethically
and medically safe, legal, accessible,
and affordable, shall be given primacy
to ensure the health of the mother and
child.

Pillar 1: INFORMED CHOICE


-shall promote and provide unbiased
information and access to these
services
-covers the provision for the integration
of reproductive health and sexuality
education in schools, and other
educational settings

Pillar 2: RESPECT FOR LIFE


-recognizes that abortion is illegal and
punishable by law
-However, mothers will be identified to
have aborted an unborn child will be
served with post-abortive treatment and
counseling in a humane, nonjudgmental
and compassionate manner.

Pillar 3: BIRTH CONTROL


-reproductive healthcare, information, and
supplies shall be made available most
especially to poor beneficiaries.
-the Act provisions also that the
government must respect the citizens
individual preferences and choices of
family planning method.

Pillar 4: RESPONSIBLE
PARENTHOOD
-couples determine their ideal family size
-in addition, the government shall equip
each parent with needed information in all
aspects of family life, reproductive health,
and this pillar.

Reproductive health also concerns


problems such as sexually-transmitted
infections.

According to Dr. Natividad (2013), in


the Young Adult fertility and Sexuality
Study of 2013 (YAFS-4), a survey of
Filipino college and high school
graduates, 36.2% and 43.5%
respectively admitted to having
engaged in premarital sex.

In addition, 66.7% and 79.6% did not


use any protection at first pre marital
sex. These scenarios are most often
the causes of infections.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome


or AIDS is caused by human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which
usually does not have symptoms in its
early stages.

Initially, people with HIOV


were diagnosed as having
AIDS only when the
developed blood infections,
the cancer known as
Kaposis sarcoma, or any of
the 21 other indicator
diseases. (Donatelle, 2006)

In addition, HIV is highly infectious


through unprotected sexual
intercourse, breastfeeding (of an
infected mother to infant), and blood
transfusion/injecting drugs (needles
used for infected patients).

Currently, there are several treatment


options for HIV and AIDS, but NO
known cure yet.
In this light, the government also puts
its efforts to eradicate these sex-related
diseases, most especially AIDS.

The Republic Act No. 8504 or the


Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control
Act of 1998 was passed by the
Congress on July 28, 1997.

The Act promulgates policies and


prescribing measures for the
prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in
the Philippines.

The Act also provides for education


and information dissemination in
various institutions and agencies, safe
practice and procedures(testing,
screening, and counseling) in health
organizations and associations.

Monitoring of cases with confidentiality,


and programs for anti-discriminatory
acts (in the workplace, hospitals, and
other public institutions).