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A simple method to find GCF and LCM

A simple method to find GCF and LCM

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Method

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ath C

is a method of factoring which allows

you to factor two numbers at once in

order to

find the LCM of the two numbers

find the GCF of the two numbers

simplify a fraction with these numbers

as numerator and denominator

6 and 8

You will divide out any common factors

of the two numbers

Now any

divide

both 1

Does

#

besides

into both 6 and 8?

6 and

8both

by

the

2 done.

No?

Then

you

go

into

3are

and

4?

Becky Afghani, LBUSD Math Curriculum Office, 2003

Multiple (LCM) of 6 and 8

The LCM is the product of all the

numbers on the left and the bottom.

The LCM

of

6 and 8

is 24.

give you the LCM?

The L shape

gives you the

LCM: multiply

the numbers on

the left and

bottom.

Factor (GCF) of 6 and 8?

The GCF is the product of all the

numbers on the left.

The GCF

of

6 and 8

is 2.

give you the GCF?

Multiply the

numbers on the

left only for

the GCF.

6

Method to simplify 8 ?

The simplified numerator and

denominator are on the bottom.

6

8

simplifies

to

3

4

give you the simplified

fraction?

The numbers on

the bottom of

the ladder are

your simplified

numerator and

denominator.

Divide out all the common factors down

the left side.

What number

goes

intoany

both

Does

#

24 besides

and 60?1

go

intoabout

both

How

12

and 15?

30?

6 and

Anything else?

No?

Youre done.

The LCM

of

24 and 60

is 120.

x

x

x

= 120

The GCF

of

24 and 60

is 12.

12=

24

Simplify

.

60

24

60

simplifies to

2

5.

28

for 28 and 42. Simplify

.

42

LCM = 2 7 2 3 = 84

GCF = 2 7 = 14

Simplified

=

fraction

Becky Afghani, LBUSD Math Curriculum Office, 2003

2

3

Extension Questions

1. Do you have to factor out

prime numbers?

2. Can you factor three

numbers at once and still get

the right GCF and LCM? Try

factoring small numbers to

find out - like 4, 6, and 8.

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