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Sana, Ben, Mackenzie, Nicole, Tiffany

Place of
/ Timeframe
Founders and Key Figures - Confucius
K'ung Fu Tzu
(Confucius) 551 479
Born in province of Lu
during the Chou dynasty
Mother taught him to
master the six arts (ritual,
music, archery,
chariteering, calligraphy,
Father was a
commander that died
when he was three.

Place of
/ Timeframe
Founders and Key Figures - Confucius
Opened a school at 22
Success led to
appointment as
magistrate of town of
Chung-tu then minister of
justice of Lu
After a conflict with the
Marquis of Lu in 496
BCE, he left the state
and travelled and taught
for 11 years throughout

Place of
/ Timeframe
Founders and Key Figures - Confucius
He returned home at
the age of 67 and
taught and studied
until his death
At the time of his
death, he had 72
disciples whom all
mastered the 6 arts
and 3000 followers

Place of
/ Timeframe
Founders and Key Figures - Confucius
A year after his death, the Confucius
temple was constructed in Qufu, China

Place of
/ Timeframe
Founders and Key Figures - Mencius
390 305 BCE
Claimed people
needed to remain
grounded avoid the
trap of dwelling on
Believed people are
naturally good and
evil is learned

Place of
/ Timeframe
Founders and Key Figures Hsun Tzu
298 238 BCE
Challenged the
teachings of Mencius
and Confucius
Warned that human
nature was inherently
evil and easily corrupted
unless taught otherwise
Wrote 32 essays that
clarified the belief

Key Beliefs
Confucian ethical teachings include:
Li: Ritual, propriety, etiquette
Hsiao: Love within the family: love of
parents for their children and of children
for their parents
Yi: righteousness
Xin: honesty and trustworthiness
Ren: benevolence, humaneness towards
others; the highest Confucian virtue
Chung: loyalty to the state, etc.

Key Beliefs
The Five Relationship Bonds:
From most important to least (however,
all stand very equally)
Ruler to Subject
Father to Son
Husband to Wife
Elder Brother to Younger Brother
Friend to Friend.

Key Beliefs
never indicated doing anything for a
"God" in his teachings
main prerogative was to promote a
social system based on "good conduct"
and virtue instead of the pervading class
system of his time.
beliefs helped shape the intense
meritocracies and filial loyalties of East
Asian countries today

Key Practices,
Rituals and Ceremonies

The Tai-shen (spirit of the fetus) is said to

protect the mother
A special procedure is used to dispose the

Key Practices,
Rituals and Ceremonies

Mother is given a special

diet and allowed to rest
for a month after delivery
Mothers family of origin
supplies all the items
needed by the baby on the
first, fourth, and twelfth
monthly anniversary of the

Key Practices,
Rituals and Ceremonies

There are six stages:

1. Proposal: couple exchange the eight
characters (year, month, day, and hour of
each of their births)
2. Engagement: bride announces the wedding
with invitations and a gift of cookies made in
the shape of the moon

Key Practices,
Rituals and Ceremonies

3. Dowry: Bride-price is
sent to the bride by the
grooms parents. Gifts
by the groom to the
bride, equal in value to
the dowry are sent
4. Procession: Groom
visits brides home and
brings her back to his

Key Practices,
Rituals and Ceremonies

5. Marriage and Reception: Couple recite their

vows and toast each other with wine
6. Morning after: The bride serves breakfast to
the grooms parents

Key Practices,
Rituals and Ceremonies

Family puts on clothes made of course

material while they mourn
Corpse is washed and placed in a coffin
Mourners bring incense and money to offset
funeral cost
Food and significant objects of the deceased
are placed into the coffin

Key Practices,
Rituals and Ceremonies

A Buddhist/Taoist priest
or Christian minister
performs the burial
Friends and family
follow coffin to
cemetery along with a
willow branch which
symbolizes the soul of
the person
Rituals are performed
on 7th, 9th, 49th day after
burial and 1st and 3rd
anniversaries of the

Symbols/ Images
Yin and Yang

Although it is the primary

symbol of Taoism, it is also
used in Confucianism.
Means that that everything in
the universe is made of two
conflicting forces: the yin and
the yang.
Yin is the negative, depicted in
Yang is the positive, depicted
in white.
Harmony can only be achieved
when the two are perfectly
balanced like in the circle.

Symbols/ Images


Influence in the 21 st
Cultures and countries strongly influenced: China
(mainland), Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore.
basic teachings stress the importance of moral development
of the individual, so that the state can be governed by moral
virtue, rather than by the use of coercive laws.

Influence in the 21 st
In 88 countries, there are
282 Confucius Institute
around the world.
They are a non-profit
organization that aims to
promote the Chinese
language and culture.
Its headquarters is in
Beijing and is under the
Office of Chinese
Language Council

Influence in the 21 st
In the family tree (regarded as the worlds longest, recording more than
80 generations) two million people are now recognised as being
descendants of the Chinese philosopher Confucius


traditionally given
women a lower status
than men in its strict
hierarchy, so female
descendants were not
counted, but
announced in 2006 that
they had decided to
"move with the times".

Religious Significance
Confucianism becomes the State
ideology by the Han Dynasty in
136 B.C.
960- 1127 era of Confucianism
dominance even after other
religions have entered China such
as Buddhism
1127 the growth of NeoConfucianism begins and is
dominant till 1911 in China
Over time now, Confucianism has
become a commonly practiced
religion in many other East Asian
countries such as Vietnam, and