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SACRAME

NT OF
BAPTISM

Sacraments of
Initiation
Foundations

of the
Christian life.
Celebrated at
the same time

 Freed us from sin  Reborn as sons of God  Members of the Church  New life in Christ  Share in the divine life . the gateway to life in the Spirit.Baptism: “I have called you by name… You are  CCC 1213.Baptism is the basis of the mine.” whole Christian life.

act of conversion  In the NT. . it is radical change on oneself. baptizein means to dip or immerse into the water  Water: gives life.Origin of Baptism  Baptism of Jesus at Jordan river  John called on the people to prepare for the coming of God’s Kingdom  Greek word.

THUS.BAPTISM SENSIBLE SIGN OF WASHING WITH WATER SYMBOLIZES CLEANSING FROM ALL SIN REBIRTH TO NEW LIFE IN THE SPIRIT THROUGH WATER AND SPIRIT. EFFECTING AND SIGNIFYING COMING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT . BAPTISM TAKES AWAY SIN.

3. They were already called Christians and could join in liturgical services. 5. Adults were introduced to the Gospel values. . the catechumens underwent a more rigid preparation. Weeks before baptism. 2. They were asked to choose their sponsors. Change in their lifestyle.Stages of Baptism in the early Christian communities: 1. 4. Learned about the Lord’s prayer and creed.

 They joined the community and listened to the readings  In the morning.On the day of ceremony…  It was on Easter eve. they were exorcised and anointed  Final renunciation of devil  Stripped off their garments  Went to the pool and were baptized  Went out of the pool and given white garment  Return to the assembly  They were presented to the bishop. anointed them with oil  Received the Eucharist .

BAPTISM AS A SACRAMENT OF FAITH TWO SENSES INITIAL DEEPENING OF FAITH: DEEPENING OF FAITH PROMPTS PEOPLE TO ASK FOR BAPTISM EFFECTS OF BAPTISMAL GRACE HOW TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN HOW TO REMAIN A CHRISTIAN .

BAPTISM AS A SACRAMENT OF FAITH REVEALS THE DYNAMIC PROCESS OF CHRISTIAN FORMATION REVEALS BAPTISM IS NOT RECEIVED PASSIVELY: DEMANDS PROPER DISPOSITION ACTIVE PERSONAL RESPONSE WHICH CONTINUES THROUGOUT THE BAPTISMAL LFE .

How did they come up with infant baptism? .

Cyprian Carthage “Baptism washed away the guilt contracted by human race in Adam’s fall. .

Augustine of Hippo He taught that the “original sin” was in man’s soul from birth. .St.

ORIGINAL SIN AND BAPTISM ORIGINAL SIN: SINFUL CONDITION INTO WHICH ALL HUMAN BEINGS ARE BORN AS DESCENDANTS OF ADAM AND EVE EFFECTS: MORAL WEAKNESS INCLINATION TO EVIL .

How then would children respond to profess their .

.  Infant: pouring of water on the head.Changes:  Adult: immersing into the pool of water.

Infant baptism  It gave rise to the gradual separation of the rites of initiation into distinct sacraments. .

Celebration today:  Parents/godparents present the child before the minister and the congregation  Parents give the child’s name.  The sign of the cross  Liturgy of the Word of God  Offering of prayers  Prayer of exorcism . then declare their desire to have the child baptized  The presider speaks to the parents and godparents of their responsibility to bring up the child in the faith.

 Essential rite: -water is poured on the head of infant -words are said: (N). and of the Son.  Conclusion: Lord’s Prayer and special prayer for parents. and of the Holy Spirit. I baptize you in the name of the Father. -a gesture that explicitly renounces Satan.renunciation of sin and profession of faith. .Celebration today:  The child is brought to the baptismal font  The priest blesses the water  Baptismal promises.

3:27)  Candle.Two symbols introduced into the rite:  White garment.signifies that Christ has enlightened the newly baptized person.symbolizes that they become new persons in Christ (Gal. .

Teachings of the Church on the Sacrament of  Door to the other sacraments Baptism:  St. Thomas believed that it is necessary for salvation and the first step in the “Christian walk of life.” .

the exercise of these powers and virtues. Imprints upon the soul a spiritual seal or an image of Christ. 2. . Grace.Effects of baptism according to St. -sacramental character. Thomas: 1.

CHRISTIAN CHALLENGE: WE SHARE IN THE LIFE OF GOD REBORN AND BECOME REAL CHILDREN OF GOD SHARE IN THE PASCHAL MYSTERY OF CHRIST .

NEW CREATION IN BAPTISM .NEW LIFE IN CHRIST BIBLICALLY PRESENTED IN TWO WAYS: THROUGH THE SYMBOL OF WATER AND GOD’S SPIRIT RELATED TO CREATION ACCOUNT.

SHARING IN CHRIST’S BAPTISM. IN HIS PASCHAL MYSTERY DYING AND RISING WITH CHRIST IN BAPTISM .

INCOPORATION INTO THE CHURCH BAPTISM UNITES US WITH OTHERS AS MEMBERS OF THE BODY OF CHRIST .

AS INCORPORATION INTO THE CHURCH BAPTISM CONFERS OUR SHARE IN CHRIST’S MISSION THREEFOLD OFFICE OF CHRIST: PROPHETIC: BEARING WITNESS PRIESTLY: OFFERING SPIRITUAL SACRIFICES KINGLY: SERVICE .

IT IS A RELATIONSHIP THAT ORIGINATES GROWS DEVELOPS WITH FELLOW MEMBERS OF CHRIST’S BODY OUR BAPTISMAL LIFE IS NEVER SOLITARY BUT A COMMUNAL SHARING WITH OTHERS IN THE CHRIST OUR LORD .SOCIAL DIMENSION OF BAPTISM OUR RELATIONSHIP WITH CHRIST IS NEVER A PRIVATE AFFAIR RATHER.

SHARING IN THE DIVINE LIFE WE ARE NOT SIMPLY CREATURES ANYMORE BUT CHILDREN OF GOD THROUGH THE SON. JESUS IN THE HOLY SPIRIT WHO DWELL IN US .

PRIEST. DEACON IN CASE OF NECESSITY (IN DANGER OF DEATH) ANY PERSON. EVEN SOMEONE NOT BAPTIZED BAPTISMAL SEAL: PERMANENT CHARACTER HENCE.BAPTISMAL FORMULA: Name. I baptize you in the name of the Father. Amen ORDINARY MINISTERS OF BAPTISM: BISHOP. and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. CAN ONLY BE RECEIVED ONCE .