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TCOM 551

Digital Communications
Dr. Seema Sud
Term Papers: What is Plagiarism?

Example 1

Uploaded Manuscript:
The old method of broadcasting TV over-the-air, perfected
in the 1940s using analog signals, is incredibly inefficient
compared with the new method using digital
television(DTV,4)

Internet Source:
The old method of broadcasting TV over-the-air, perfected
in the 1940s using analog signals, is incredibly inefficient
compared with the new method using digital television
(DTV) signals
http://reviews.cnet.com/dtv-transition/
Matching:95%

This is plagiarism!
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Example 2

Uploaded Manuscript:
European Galileo The development in creating Galileo
system occurred in 1999 when several European countries
brought together their individual satellite navigation
systems and began collaborating and shared technology in
satellite system

Internet Source:
The first step in creating Galileo occurred in 1999 when
several European countries brought together their
individual satellite navigation systems and began
collaborating
http://www.ehow.com/about_5494059_galileo-gpscomparison.html
Matching:79%

This is plagiarism!
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Example 3

Uploaded Manuscript:
Soon, people started using their cellular phones for
purpose other than voice GSM, for example, was capable
of also carrying data (at speeds as high as 14.4 Kbps!)

Internet Source:
And, people started thinking about doing things with
cellular networks that had nothing to do with voice GSM,
for example, was capable of also carrying data (at speeds
as high as 14.4 Kbps!)
http://www.slideshare.net/CiscoMobilityCommunity/lte-vswimax-part1introduction
Matching:73%

This is plagiarism!
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Example 4

Uploaded Manuscript:
Analog TV
Encodes picture and sound information and transmit it
as analog signals. ( Amplitude, phase, and frequency)

No source cited!

This is plagiarism!
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Example 5

Uploaded Manuscript:
CingularTM, T-MobileTM and AT&TTM networks are built on GSM (AT&T actually uses
a GSM-based system known as UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications
System but is migrating to Long Term Evolution (LTE) for 4th generation
networks) [9]. LTE is another GSM-based system [9].
[9] Whats the Difference Between AT&T and Verizons 3G Networks?
http://mashable.com/2011/01/11/cdma-umts-att-verizon-networks/, Jan 11, 2011.

Internet Source:
AT&T employs the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System in its network.
UMTS is built upon concepts from the Global System for Mobile Communications
(GSM) standard, the basis for EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution).
Because of this shared architecture, most UMTS devices support GSM and EDGE,
including the AT&T iPhoneThis argument between CDMA and UMTS may become a
moot point in the next few years, though, as 4G networks overtake 3G technology.
WiMax and LTE are the primary 4G standards. Both AT&T and Verizon are utilizing
LTE as a standard for their 4G networks. LTE is a GSM-based technology, so its no
surprise AT&T would embrace it.
Matching: Not flagged by SafeAssign

This is NOT plagiarism!


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