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Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control or HIRAC System is a

risk assessment tool which will assist users in identifying hazard and estimating risk
involved in each identified hazard. Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and
Control users are the safety personnel and department supervisors. The current
Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control system being used is manual
application. Among the problems faced in the current system are most of the forms
are incomplete and there is improper information management system. Due to
reasons there are issues of data redundancy and data inconsistency. This risk
assessment tool will identify possible hazard involved in each task in departments.
Once the hazard has been identified, risks involved will be estimated and
categorized. If the estimated risk falls in a category, which is higher then the low
risk category, then possible control measures will be recommended. At the same
time, the user can add new work plan, task, hazard and control measures into the
system to update existing information system. The application will be using SQL
Server 2000 as the Database Management System and Internet Information Service
as web server that manages the business logic of Hazard Identification, Risk
Assessment and Control system. The Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and
Control application is developed using System development Life cycle and
Life cycle.

HIRAC system is developed with the following objectives:
Enable the users to identify the possible hazards in a task.
Assists the user in estimating risks involved in facing each
hazard in a task.
Identifies list of possible control measures that could be used
to eliminate or
reduce hazards involved in a task.
Produces statistical report that displays the likelihood,
exposure rate, severity and
the estimated risks involved in each task.
Provides a secure system to store data and identify a
systematic approach to
retrieve past tasks, hazards and control measures information.

Tragic news like lost of an arm, a finger and even life has become part and parcel
in industrial environment.
Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control(HIRAC) is a risk management
procedure used in the industry to identify hazards,assess risks involved and
identify control measures to reduce the risks. Below are terminologies according
to Joint Standards Australia1 Standard New Zealand committee
OB/7(1995),involved with HIRAC:
Hazard - Source or situation with potential harm (It could either cause human
injury or ill health, damage to property or work environment).
Hazard identification - It is a process of recognizing the existence of hazards
defining its characteristics.
Risk - The chance of something happening that will have an impact on the
objective. In safety line it is the combination of likelihood of harm
and consequence of the harm.
Risk assessment - The overall process of risk analysis and risk evaluation.
Risk Control- It is a part of risk management that uses any suitable method to
control and reduce the residual risks to tolerance in the

HIRAC system will assist the safety personnel and
department supervisors of CST (PJ plant) in the
following functions:
Identify hazards for each task in a work
Identify possible control measures that
should be taken to reduce risk of
Data/ information are stored in secure
Assist user to produce statistical report.

From this chapter, the primary goals that should be accomplished by
implementing HIRAC system are:
Identify hazards for each task listed in a work plan.
Estimate the risk involve in facing the hazard.
Identify possible control measures to eliminate or reduce the risk.
Produce statistical report to display likelihood1 probability of hazard.
Apart from that, the data required to enable the system to work or function
appropriately are
Work plan
Total number of accident to identified hazard in that department
Matrix of likelihood
Severity matrix
Estimated risk
Possible control measure to reduce the hazard

To identify types of Hazard in work
To make Risk Assessments
To suggest Risk Controls to
To implementing Risk Controls
To review Risk Controls

A source or a situation with a potential for harm to humans,
property and damage of environment or a combination of these.
Relative exposure to hazard.
A combination of likelihood of occurrence and severity of
injury or damage.

Overview Of HIRARC
Definition of Hazards
Classification of Hazards
Potential sources of Hazards
Basic components of Risk

Classification & Potential Sources of Hazards

Classification Example of Hazards
Mechanical - Sharp points & edges, overload.
Electrical - Insulation damaged or cover broken
Biological - Exposed, airborne/blood borne
Chemical - Expose to carcinogens chemical
Ergonomics - Expose to unnatural postures
Psychological- Stress or violent at workplace.

Hazard Identification
To keep workplace safe and healthy.
employers should make sure there are no
hazards to which employees could be exposed.
Employers should look for hazards in advance
as part of their risk management plan to
prevent potential hazards.

How To Assess Risk

1) Look for the Hazards
2) Decide who might be harmed & how
3) Evaluate the risk and check what is
done to prevent it from happening
4) Record finding
5) Review assessment and revise it if

Actions & Recommendations

EL- Eliminate
SL- Substitute
IS- Isolation
EC- Engineering Control
AC - Administration Control
PPE- Personal Protection Equipment

Actions & Recommendations

EL - stop work, cover hazard
SL - use other route, other material..
IS - put up temporary barrier,
EC - construct permanent wall,..
AC - put up notice, job rotation,
PPE - gloves, respirator,