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CLIMATE CHANGE

VULNERABILITY
&
RESILIENCE
NURSHAHAFIQAH BINTI ASLI
2014619364

DEFINITIONS
CLIMATE CHANGE
Climate change refers to any significance change in the
measure of climate lasting for an extended period of time.
Climate change or global warming is the most serious
environmental threats. Extreme bad weather can caused a
natural disaster.
A disaster caused by climate change could be defined as a
serious disruption to the functioning of a community or a society
causes widespread human, material, economic or
environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected
community or society to cope using its own resources.

VULNERABILITY
Threat to hazardous things to which people are exposed
including chemical agents and the ecological situation of
the communities and their level of emergency
preparedness.
Natural or social system is susceptible to sustaining
damage from climate change. Vulnerability is a function of
the sensitivity of a system to changes in climate and the
ability to adapt to system to changes in climate.

RESILIENCE
The capacity for a socio-ecological system to:
(1) absorb stresses and maintain function in the face of
external stresses imposed upon it by climate change.
(2) adapt, reorganize, and evolve into more desirable
configurations that improve the sustainability of the
system, leaving it better prepared for future climate
change impacts.

FACTORS OF CLIMATE CHANGE


NATURAL CAUSES
. Changes in volcanic activity
. Solar output
. Earth's orbit around the Sun
2. HUMAN CAUSES
. Burning of fossil fuels
. Deforestation
. Oil & petrol engines
1.

EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE


1.

Unusual and prolonged dry seasons and water


shortages especially in Selangor and Klang Valley.

2.

Mini tornadoes in Kedah

3.

Massive year-end floods

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY


Exposure to climate change relates to the magnitude
and rate of change in climatic variables such as
temperature and rainfall that are known to impact
human population
b) Sensitivity to its effects the extent to which a
community is affected by climate variability or change.
c) Coping capacity for survive with the effects measure
of societys resources and capabilities to offset the
unfavorable effects of climate change.
a)

CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENCE


National Policy on Climate Change (NPCC) officially

launched by the Honorable Deputy Prime Minister of


Malaysia in August 2010;
Established for ensuring climate-resilience development
to fulfill national aspiration for sustainability
Policy objectives:
Mainstreaming climate change through wise
management of resources and enhanced environmental
conservation resulting in strengthened economic
competitiveness and improved quality of life.
Integration of responses into national policies, plans
and programs to strengthen the resilience of
development from arising and potential impacts of
climate change.
Strengthening of institutional and implementation
capacity to better harness opportunities to reduce
negative impacts of climate change. - Green technology
shall be a driver to accelerate the national economy and
promote sustainable development.

MITIGATION
Energy efficiency buildings.
GBI in construction
Energy efficiency electrical appliances.
Fuel standard improvements.
Reserved forest.
Recycle waste.
Flood mitigation programmes:

- development of 34 hazard maps to facilitate


disaster prevention and development planning.

JAPAN EARTHQUAKE,
THE RESILIENCE???
Fireproof buildings - The city makes

effective use of a Fireproof Promotion


Program, and has improved the subsidy
system to make buildings fireproof and
encourage joint civic/business
reconstruction of old buildings.
Earthquake resistance building
constructions.
Securing open spaces (parks for every city
and town as a disaster recovery base).
Increase awareness.

CONCLUSION
Poor people in developing countries are in the front line of
climate change. Not only are expected changes in rainfall
and temperature in many developing countries greater than
in the developed world, but poor people are also more
vulnerable to such changes.
The ability of governments, civil society and private sector
organisations in developing countries to build the resilience
of poor people to disasters and climate change must be
improved.