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BCT 102

Week 10

Electrical &
…work coordinates with all other trades

& Plumbing”
•Mechanical - HVAC (Heating Venting and
Air conditioning).


•Electrical – lighting fixtures, switches,
outlets, panels, appliances, etc.

•Plumbing - pipes, fixtures & fittings; water
supply/distribution, and waste removal.



registers/diffusers) Heat Pump – Heat & Cooling within One unit Most Common type of Heating/Cooling* takes heat out of inside air (cooling) or takes heat out of outside air to heat bldg. of heating panel or Floor at the heat source Uniform heat/reduced air movement) use Electricity to heat Coils under floor or Piped hot (or cold) water to radiate heat .Central Forced air (Furnace/fan blower /condenser & compressors. 2. ducts.Radiant (Control surface temp.Mechanical SystemCommon types 1.Hydronic Hot Water system (Boilers/pipes supply hot water to Radiators/Baseboards/or tube arrays below floor – YOUR TERMINAL UNITS – RADIANT Type Heat exchange) 3.

Forced Air Furnace heat house thru convection Two part system : central heating device-Furnace + distribution network-Ducts Fan blows heated air from the heat exchanger into supply Plenum smaller branch ducts tap into plenum air supply flows to Diffusers (in ceiling or floor registers). Air return grills centrally located picks up return air and carries it back to furnace via return duct into a return air plenum Gas Furnaces have exterior air intake and exhaust for the combustion chamber .

Heat pump Heat pump extracts heat from space at low temp & discharges it to another space at a higher temp 2 heat exchangers. Reversing the direction of the refrig. a compressor & expansion valve & interconnecting pipes filled with refrigerant. Flow system can either heat or Cool Compressor sits outside the house on a concrete pad feeding the chilled refrig. to fan coil units .

Condition the air using Nature: • Cross ventilation (open windows) • Stack effect (heat rises so remove it from Roof area/vent opening skylights) • Ceiling fans (or whole house fan work With stack effect) • Block solar heat gain (overhangs & low E insulated glass) • Heat-storing (like concrete /masonry absorb heat & release heat slowly .

.Mechanical System.Forced CONDITIONED Air Furnace feed heated air through ducts & deliver it to registers(or diffusers) Return air to system through return grills separtated from diffuser.

Mechanical System.Air intake to furnace & exhaust .Forced Furnace/ducts & registers….

Mechanical Systemforced air thru ducts delivered at the supply register (@ floor or ceiling) Heat pumps-One unit heats & cools 11 .

Mechanical System.Hydronic ………………..Hot water Boiler/pipes & Radiators or Terminal unit TU .

Radiant Floor in Detail Section .

.Heat pump hooked up to furnace with thermostat Zones Provide Flexibility/ temperature reading.

Mechanical SystemZones Provide Flexibility/Efficiency – Control temperature of Areas (or rooms) individually with thermostats and Dampers Thermostats The control for Heating & Cooling Should be centrally located in zoned area or house to give an average temperature reading. .

1.Mechanical symbols in a legend on the dwg.s . .

Duct layout for forcedair system .

Duct layout for forcedair system .

return grill centrally located in hall .RETURN AIR GRILL SUPPLY DIFFUSER (REGISTER) Simple HVAC layout in a ceiling plan .give register locations…heat registers often near cold area – windows.

Plumbing . .

• ….Plumbing …is your Water distribution System •Waste disposal (sanitary sewage) DRAIN WASTE VENT or DWV •Supply -Pipes for Heat/Cold water . gas gets piped too! .

.. Plum ber insta lls syst em in acco rdan ce with spec s and local code s . •Lic. sewa ge dispo sal is life safety issue..

Water Meter Housing .

Water Meter .

supply • Water enters the house in ¾” to 1” pipe – Pressure Reduction Valve – 80psi coming in – Reduce to 25 -30psi .

Pressure Reduction Valve .


Waste lines… . sewage disposal is life safety issue....for Houses pipe layout (DWGS. Plumber installs system in accordance with specs and local codes ..) are not required as fixtures & fittings are located on plans ..... Riser diagrams are! For inspector to see adequate connections and pipe sizes •Lic.


sewage disposal •P-trap & Air-vent for waste disposal system to work •Slope of waste lines ¼” : 1’ •Vent Through Roof VTR ...VTR .

P-Trap DWV .

S-Trap and Drum Traps DWV .

Trap Facts • All plumbing fixtures require traps • All traps require vents • A critical distance must be maintained between the trap weir and the nearest vent .


P-Traps DWV .

P-Traps DWV .

0 " 1 1/4" WA S T E P IP E .5 '.

Vents • Max. Distance of fixture trap from vent – 1 ¼” Trap – 1 ½” Trap – 2” Trap – 3” Trap – 4” Trap 60” 72” 96” 144” 192” .

Vents • What happens when the vent is too far from the trap? • Three options – Increase the size of the trap – Re-Vent – Bow Vent (Loop Vent) – Automatic Vent .

Pipes shown & .Text Supply Lines .

Service entrance (prior to FND.. Concrete pour) 2. 1. Walls) ..Finished plumbing install fixtures & connectio ns (follow GYP.WASTE STACK Plumbing 3 stages of constructi on Plumbing hidden in the walls.Rough-in plumbing( piping/drai ns Inspected) 3.

Rough-in plumbing(piping/drai ns . 1.Inspected) 3.Finished plumbing install fixtures & connections (follow GYP. Walls) ..Plumbing 3 stages of construction Plumbing hidden in the walls. Concrete pour) 2..Service entrance (prior to FND.


Sewage Disposal .Sewer or Septic (AT at the street… 44 .

Sewer or Septic 45 .Sewage Disposal .

Plumbing symbols found in legend on plumbing drawings Text •symbols can vary .

O.Plumbing – Waste or DWV – Riser diagram or Single line Dwg. shown) VTR vent thru roof C. shows pipe & air vent layout & sizes .. clean out .could be required for Permit (Pipe Diam..

.Supply just showing hot/cold system from water heater (not as common in print set) ...PIPE LAYOUT .Plumbing ..

Pictorial to understand single-line dwg. . RISER DIAGRAM Required Dwg.Single-line dwg.

Plumbing for hydronic heat – like this kitchen base cabinet toe kick heater or radiant floor piping Required Dwg. . Pictorial to understand single-line dwg.

...) to be specified FIXTURES located on plans & Qty.) & Fittings (faucet/drain/sprayer. – Fittings identified in schedules! * ...Mechanical HVAC Fixtures (Toilet/sink/tub..

& Lighting
...of the MEP info, Elec. + Lighting
locations will be in the print set on own
sheet / or on floor plan if not too complex
a layout.

Lighting Layout on plan with
... for more complex

lighting layout RCP –
reflected ceiling plan


Electrical & Lighting

….Elec. at Rough-in Stage


…Electrical connection to house from source

Electrical & Lighting Symbols -

on interior

on plan
…. With Some updates & missing info

Electricity outlet symbols S INGL E R E C E P T A C L E O UT L ET S INGL E R E C E P T A C L E O UT L ET .

Electricity outlet symbols D UP L E X R E C E P T A C L E O UT L E T S P L IT .C IR C UIT WP WE A T HER P R O O F R ECEP TA CLE O UT L ET .

Electricity symbols R EL EC T R IC R A NG E/ C O O K T O P O UT L E T .

Electricity outlet symbols F L O O R S ING L E R ECEP TA CLE O UT L ET F L O O R D O UB L E R ECEP TA CLE O UT L ET .

Electricity outlet symbols G R O UND FA UL T C IR C UIT INT E R UP T E R R E C E P T A C L E O UT L ET F G FC I F A N O UT L E T .

Electricity outlet symbols S P E C IA L P UR P O S E O UT L E T WIR E D D IR E C T DW HEA T L A MP .

Electricity lighting symbols WA L L S C O NC E .

Electricity lighting symbols T R A C K L IG HT ING .

Electricity lighting symbols HA NG ING C E IL ING FIX T UR E .

Electricity lighting symbols LOW V OLTA GE T R A NS F O R ME R T L B UIL T .IN L O W V O L T A GE T A S K L IG HT .

Electricity lighting symbols R E C E S S E D C E IL ING V A P O R L IG HT .

Electricity lighting symbols T E L E V IS IO N O UT L ET TV CA BLE O UT L ET C .

IN F L UO R E S C E NT T A S K L IG HT .Electricity lighting symbols B UIL T .

Electricity lighting symbols R E C E S S E D C E IL ING D O WN L IG HT ING .

Electricity special purpose symbols C L O C K HA NG E R R ECEP TA CLE C .

Electricity special purpose symbols FAN R ECEP TA CLE T E L E P HO NE O UT L E T F INT E R C O M .

Electricity special purpose symbols T HER MO S T A T G A S S UP P L Y G T S MO K E D E T E C T O R .

Electricity special purpose symbols HEA T R E GIS T ER .

Electricity switch S S2 S3 S4 S DM S3DM symbols Single pole switch Double pole switch Three way switch Four way switch Single pole switch w/ dimmer Three way switch w/dimmer .


Lights and outlets in kitchen & bath areas ..similarities from house to house GFCI GFCI – ground fault circuit interrupter (outlet for ..

.. walk through the house at the front door looking at outlets and light switches Outlets & Switches Interior Elevations …regulated by NEC code ..

... Electrician for occupancy .code regulates min. number of outlets performed by lic.. NEC National Electrical Code .

Is used or Power use AxV=W . .Electrical • A ampere =rate of flow • V voltage = force ampere move by • W wattage = how much elec.

Electrical Amps used to rate appliances Volts varying pressure at service panel (120/240V typ. . measured at meter (or 1000 watt hours = 1 Kwh) . for USA house) Amps to size circuit breaker (Kwh use is elec.