Mental status examination is an assessment of patient s level of cognitive (knowledge related) ability appearance, emotional mood, and speech and thought pattern at the time of evaluation.

y Assess the presence and extent of a person s mental impairment. y To suggest specific areas for further testing or specific types of required tests. y To monitor or document changes in a patient s conditions.

Factors affecting interpretation of findings
y Any known illness or health problem. y Current medication whose side effect may cause confusion or depression. y The usual education and behavioural level. y Responses to personal history questions, indicating current stress, social interaction patterns, sleep habits drug and alcohol use.


A mental status examination cannot be given in a patient who cannot pay attention to the examiner, for example as a result of being in coma or unconsciousness or is completely unable to speak (aphasic) or is not fluent in the language of examination

y Name: y Age: y Sex: y Diagnosis: y Date and time of MSE y Venue: y Language of interview

y Grooming and dress y Posture and gait y Physical characteristics y Eye contact y Motor behaviour y Specific mannerisms y Attitude towards the examiner: y Handedness: y Manner of relating: y Rapport:

y Mood y Affect

y Rate y Pitch volume and clarity y Specific abnormalities

y Hallucination and illusion. y Auditory y Visual y Tactile

y Thought process

Rate and flow of ideas y Racing thoughts y Retarded or slowed thoughts y Circumstantiality y Blocking y Perseveration:

Association y Loose association: y Flight of ideas: y Tangentiality y Clanging y Neologisms y Word salad

Thought content Obsessions phobias delusions

Sensorium and cognition
y Alertness and level of consciousness: y Orientation: y Time: Q] What is the time now?

Q] Today s date? y Place: Q] Where are you now? y Person: Q] Who am I?

y Immediate memory. y Recent memory y Recent past memory y Remote memory:

Attention and concentration: 100 7, 40 3, 20 1 y Can you tell me the digits which I say forward and backwards? y 25, 28, 41, 52,

y Abstractability y General Information y Intelligence

7.Impulse Control
y Q] What will you do if your son shouts at you?

y Test judgment: y Q] What will you do if you see a child standing near the well? y Personal Judgment: y Q] What is your plan after discharge? y Social judgment:

y Level of insight

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