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G LA SS W A R ES

Geromil J. Lara, RMT, MSMT

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F
G LA SS
BOROSILICATE GLASS

 Melts at temperature

between 750 and 1,100
degrees Celsius
 Hard, free of heavy metals
 Resistant to thermal shock
and alkaline corrosion

an open flame.G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS BOROSILICATE GLASS  Used for situations involving sudden changes in temperature. or electric heating elements .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS BOROSILICATE GLASS  Should not be heated above its strain point  Pyrex®  Corex®  Kimax®  Vycor® .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS BOROSILICATE GLASS  Pyrex®  Strain point of 515 degrees Celsius .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS BOROSILICATE GLASS  Corex®  High-impact. extremely strong glass often used in the manufacture of centrifuge tubes  With aluminosilicate .

drastic heat shock.G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS BOROSILICATE GLASS  Vycor®  Recommended for use in application involving high temperature. and extreme chemical .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS BOROSILICATE GLASS  Vycor®  Used primarily in ashing and ignition techniques .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS BOROSILICATE GLASS  Vycor®  Can be heated to 900 degrees Celsius and can withstand downshocks from this temperature to ice water .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS SODA-LIME GLASS  Sometimes referred to as flint glass  Has a high coefficient of expansion  Readily attacked by alkaline solutions .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS SODA-LIME GLASS  Commonly used for making volumetric flasks. stirring rods. and single-use pipets or tubes  Minerals can be leached from the glass into the stored solutions .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS LOW ACTINIC GLASS  Used to reduce light exposure to its content  Amber-colored glass .

G EN ER A L C ATEG O R IES O F G LA SS HIGH SILICA GLASS  Similar to quartz  Accurate spectrophotom eter cuvettes .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS GRADUATED CYLINDERS  Semi-accurate  Extremely convenient for rapid measurement of liquid volumes  Should never be heated .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS BURETS  Can deliver any volume up to its maximum capacity  Used for titration  Extremely accurate in dispensing aliquots of a solution .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS VOLUMETRIC FLASK  Designed to prepare solutions of precisely known concentrations  Standard solutions .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Used to transfer measured volumes of liquid between containers  Design  Drainage characteristics  Type .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Design  To Contain (TC)  holds or contains a particular volume but does not dispense that exact volume .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Design  To Deliver (TD)  made by weighing the necessary volume of water which when allowed to flow by gravity will deliver the exact volume .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Drainage Characteristics  To Deliver (TD)  Those with a single painted or frosted ring at the top should be allowed to simply drain with the tip placed against the side of the receiving vessel self-draining .

completely emptying it .M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Drainage Characteristics  To Deliver (TD)  Those with double rings are designed to be "blown out" by pushing a small amount of air out of the pipet.

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Mohr pipet  Does not have graduations to the tip  self-draining pipet. but the tip should not be allowed to touch the vessel while the pipet is draining .

and is generally a blowout pipet .M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Serologic pipet  Has graduation marks to the tip.

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Micropipet  With a total holding volume of less than 1 mL  It may be designed as either a Mohr or serologic pipet .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Transfer pipet  Designed to dispense one volume without further subdivisions Ostwald-Folin Pipet Pasteur Pipet .

M EA SU R IN G V ESSELS PIPETS  Automatic and Semi- automatic pipet  Commonly used in the clinical laboratory .

H ave a great day! :”>  God is good all the time! Study well dear students. .