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Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum

KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA

LISTENING & SPEAKING
1

WHAT’S IN STORE FOR L&S
YEAR 4

YEAR 5

YEAR 6

1.1
By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to
pronounce words and speak confidently with the correct stress,
rhythm and intonation.
1.1.1

Able to speak with
correct word stress

1.1.2

correct pronunciation, stress and
intonation

Able to listen to
and enjoy stories

Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum
KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA

and respond to a
given stimulus by
using appropriate
words, phrases and
expressions with
guidance

and respond
confidently to a
given stimulus by
using appropriate
words, phrases and
expressions with the
correct stress and
intonation

YEAR 4
1.1.3

YEAR 6

speak about
related topics with
guidance

speak
confidently on
related topics

Able to
listen to and
recite poems,
tongue twisters
and sing songs,
paying attention
to pronunciation,
rhythm and
intonation

1.1.4

YEAR 5

Able to talk about Able to talk on
related topics
topics of interest
with guidance
in formal
situations with
guidance.
Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum
KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA

2 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: a) extend an invitation b) accept an invitation c) decline an invitation d) express sympathy Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA a) make suggestions b) respond to suggestions c) volunteer to complete a task d) show appreciation a) express happiness b) express concern c) express sorrow d) give encouragement e) express opinions .YEAR 4 YEAR 5 YEAR 6 1. 1.2. pupils will be able to listen and respond appropriately in formal and informal situations for a variety of purposes.

YEAR 4 YEAR 5 YEAR 6 1.3 Able to listen to.4 to places around their town to places around the state Able to participate in guided conversations with peers 1.5 Able to talk on topics of interest in formal situations with guidance Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .2 Able to listen to. follow and give instructions around the neighbourhood 1.2.2. follow and give instructions 1.2.2.

3.1 Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of oral texts by: a) asking and answering questions b) sequencing c) predicting with guidance Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA a) giving main ideas b) giving supporting details c) sequencing d) predicting a) giving main ideas and supporting details b) drawing conclusions . 1.YEAR 4 YEAR 5 YEAR 6 1.3 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling. pupils will be able to understand and respond to oral texts in a variety of contexts.

use authentic texts such as:  News  Announcements WHY??  Plays  Dialogues Authentic  Interviews materials in ESL  Reports classroom?  Songs CRITERIA FOR  Poems SELECTION??  Stories Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .TYPES OF LISTENING TEXTS As far as possible.

SUB-SKILLS OF LISTENING      Identify main facts and details Relate cause and effect Identify sequence and events Predict outcomes Inferring messages from contextual clues Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

LISTENING STRATEGIES  The ability to listen well for comprehension and language acquisition requires listening strategies:       Listening to key words Non-verbal cues Predicting speaker’s purposes Background information or knowledge Focus on meaning Focus on language Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

listening for information .IMPORTANCE OF TEACHING LISTENING SKILLS  The listening skill is a receptive skill which is very important.  Pupils need to be taught to listen attentively for various purposes in life such as: .listening for knowledge .listening to improve one’s language proficiency Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA . It should not be neglected or taken lightly.

HOW TO TEACH LISTENING SKILLS IN THE CLASSROOM      Pre-record your text (AUTHENTIC texts if possible) Pre-teach vocabulary Provide some background/cultural information Repeat the listening text a few times Teach pupils to employ listening strategies Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

experiment. implement Rememb Recall. x a construct. organise. deconstruct. attribute Underst Interpret. recognise. list. paraphrase. er name. hypothesis. retrieve. research.s ’ m o Higher Order o l d B e s i y Thinking v Create m e R ono Design. define Check. infer. carry out. build. describe Lower Order . T Evaluat produce. critique. identify. summarise. rephrase. question. locate. detect e Analyse Compare. outline. compare Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA Appl Do. and explain. find. y use. plan. test. run. judge. classify.

 Beach shops schools nice walks Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA hometown Remember (recall) countryside Analyse (organise) .SAMPLE ACTIVITY 1  The following activity helps pupils develop the ability to At which level of Bloom’s identify key words. taxonomy  Students listen to is thethis teacher: activity at? My hometown is a nice place to visit because it is close to a beach. and there are lots of interesting activities you can do in the surrounding area.  Students’ task: Which of these words do you hear? Number them in the order you hear them.

detect e Analyse Compare. organise. paraphrase. critique. identify. build. question. x a construct. carry out. infer. list. outline. experiment. test. T Evaluat produce. hypothesis. implement Rememb Recall. find. research. er name. attribute Underst Interpret. classify. describe Lower Order . plan. recognise. locate. and explain. define Check. compare Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA Appl Do. run. deconstruct. summarise. y use. rephrase.s ’ m o Higher Order o l d B e s i y Thinking v Create m e R ono Design. judge. retrieve.

SAMPLE ACTIVITIES  The following At which of Bloom’s activitylevel helps pupils develop the taxonomy ability to identify main points.  Students’ task: Identify the main ideas and supporting ideas in the story. Predict the ending of the story. supporting details is this activity at? and make predictions.  Students listen to a story. Remember (identify) Evaluate (hypothesis) Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

SPEAKING SKILLS  An important productive skill  3 speech activities (Richards. eg: public speaking. making oneself understood clearly is the main focus  talk as performance – involves transmitting information to an audience. may be in a formal or informal setting  talk as transaction – focus is on what is said and done. etc Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .small conversations. Jack 2008) that requires different approaches  talk as interaction .

Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA . bull like. pit hit.How to teach pronunciation?  Simple ways to teach pronunciation: 1.Tongue Twisters She sells sea shells at the sea shore. bike sit. heat 2.Minimal Pairs eg: pull.

HOW TO TEACH SPEAKING SKILLS IN THE CLASSROOM            role plays drama interviews public speaking group discussions brain storming activities show and tell choral speaking story telling poem recitation Readers’ theater Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

HELPING PUPILS TO SPEAK  In order to teach pupils to speak. scaffolding has to be provided so that pupils progress in their speaking attempts.  What are some of the scaffolding activities to help pupils? Provide:  visual aids  guide words  model/sample  prompts communicative drills Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

I hope so too. John:____________________ covered thisIt was activity? Faiz: Yes. John: _____________________ Answer: Faiz: ______________________ Faiz: I hope it will rain soon. Otherwise.SAMPLE ACTIVITIES – Talk as interaction PUPIL A PUPIL B John: Hello. the weather is really hot today.in it is. I couldn’t really sleep. they will start water rationing again.4 Able to participate in guided John: Yes. 1. even hotter last night.2. What______________________ learning standard is Faiz: John: Oh really. you felt it too? I had to take a shower at midnight to cool down. conversations with peers Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA . It’s so inconvenient when that happens.

Why don’t we get her a saree? Susie: A saree… hmmmm… sounds like a good idea.SAMPLE ACTIVITY – TALK AS TRANSACTION Susie: Mina. You are such a good organiser.2. Mina: No! Not me again! I organised her party last year. Why don’t you organise Mom’s party? I will help you by getting the birthday cake and present. What present are you buying Mom? Get her a handbag! Mina: A handbag? She has lots of handbags already. Susie: All right. Answer: 1. next Sunday is Mom’s birthday.1 Able to participate in daily conversations (e) express opinions Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA . It’s your turn now. What should we do for her? Mina: Oh yes! Why don’t we organise a birthday party for her? is this activity? Susie: ThatWhat soundslearning like a good standard idea! You should organise the party for her.

After the two weeks holidays.SAMPLE ACTIVITY – TALK AS PERFORMANCE Pupils’ task: Imagine that youlearning were chosen to visitisPlanet Mars for two What standard this activity? weeks. 1. Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .5 Able to talk on topics of interest •Teacher’s task: Provide pictures and guide words to pupils to help them in formal situations with guidance prepare their speech. you went back to school and was asked to give a talk during the school assembly about your visitAnswer: to Mars.2.

ASSESSMENT What should be assessed?  Intelligibility  Accuracy in pronunciation and speech  Fluency  Meaningful content  Appropriate choice of words according to purpose and audience Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

ASSESSMENT Content/ Ideas Pronunciation Turntaking Language ? Organisation Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA Presentation Skills .

ASSESSMENT Quantity Quality Content/ Ideas clarity Pronunciation accuracy Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA ? .

ASSESSMENT Quantity Quality Content/ Ideas clarity Pronunciation ? Organisation accuracy format Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA appropriate .

ASSESSMENT Content/ Ideas Pronunciation ? Organisation format Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA fluency confidence Presentation Skills appropriate eye-contact style .

ASSESSMENT Simple Content/ Ideas Pronunciation Turntaking ? Organisation Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA Complex Sentence Language vocabulary syntax grammar Presentation Skills .

Activity 1 Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

1 Able to speak with correct pronunciation.1. stress and intonation Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .1.

Activity 2 Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .

however. “Do come and help me. who watched a flock of sheep near a village. did truly come at last. The Shepherdboy. at his leisure lacerated or destroyed the whole flock.Listen to the story A shepherd-boy. now really alarmed. nor rendered any assistance. shouted in an agony of terror. "Wolf! Wolf!" and when his neighbours came to help him. no one paid any heed to his cries. However. What is the conclusion from this story? Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA . The Wolf. The Wolf is killing the sheep“. brought out the villagers three or four times by crying out. The Wolf. having no cause of fear. laughed at them for their pains.

1 (b) Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of oral texts by drawing conclusions Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .1.3.

Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA . Tell him how to get to the school.Look at the map Mr Tan is at the Penang International Airport. He wishes to visit BM High School.

follow and give instructions to places around the state Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA .1.2.3 Able to listen to.

Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA Thank You 36 .