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ASCE 41-13 and the NEHRP Provisions

Bob Pekelnicky

ASCE/SEI Seismic Rehabilitation Standards Committee

NEHRP PUC Meeting


May 9, 2012

Starting Point

Inconsistencies
ASCE 31 vs. ASCE 41
ASCE 41 evaluation reveals more deficiencies and leads to
greater upgrades
0.75 factor is hidden with the ASCE 31 m-factors
Sometimes there is no logical transition from ASCE 31 to
ASCE 41 m-factors
Simplified Procedure ASCE 41 can be used in fewer
instances than ASCE 31 Deficiency-only Tier 2

Combine ASCE 31 & 41


Eliminate any steps between the two documents
Eliminate inconsistencies between ASCE 31 Tier 2 and ASCE 41
Make user explicitly select to give existing buildings a break
Allow greater use of deficiency-based procedures for evaluation AND
upgrade
Create a chapter for system specific procedures, such as URM

Next Issue

Make ASCE 41 & NERHP Provisions consistent

Inconsistencies between
ASCE 41-06 & 2009 NEHRP
> Seismic hazards do not use the same USGS maps (NGA, Max Direction, etc.)
> Determination of response spectra & time history record scaling different
> No risk targeting
> Levels of seismicity different from SDCs
> Nonstructural provisions out of sync for SDCs
> Wall out-of-plane forces
> ASCE 41 has more soil-foundation-structure interaction martial

Revised Seismic Hazards


Consistent seismic hazard science between ASCE 7-10 and ASCE 41-13
NGA relationships and new USGS maps used
All hazards are maximum direction
Scaling of site specific hazards matches ASCE 7 provisions for response spectra & time
histories
Scaling of response histories now can be done by using spectral matching or other approved
methods

Levels of Seismicity
ASCE 7-10
Seismic
Design
Category

ASCE 41-13
Level of
Seismicty

Very Low

Low

Moderate

D, E, & F

High

General Provisions
Consistent regardless of whether youre evaluating or upgrading
Basic Performance Objective for Existing Buildings
Preserves giving existing buildings a break, but use different seismic hazards instead of 0.75 factor
Eliminates confusion about what to do with RC III and IV buildings
Basic Performance Objective for New Building Equiv.

Provides similar performance as it intended for a new building


Uses ASCE 7-10 MCER seismic hazards

New Seismic Hazards


New Design Equivalent Hazards
BSE-2N is the ASCE 7-10 MCER
BSE-1N is 2/3*ASCE 7-10 MCER
Existing Building Hazards
BSE-2E is the 5% in 50-year (975-year)
BSE-1E is the 20% in 50-year (225-year)
BSE-2E and BSE-1E cannot be greater than the BSE-2N and BSE-1N
In SF, San Jose, parts of LA and Oakland this means no reduction for existing buildings.

Existing Building BPO-E


Risk Category
I & II

III

IV

Tier 1
BSE-1E

Tier 2
BSE-1E

BSE-1E

Tier 3

Life Safety
Structural
Performance

Life Safety
Structural
Performance

Life Safety
Structural
Performance

Life Safety
Nonstructural
Performance

Life Safety
Nonstructural
Performance

Life Safety
Nonstructural
Performance

(3-C)

(3-C)

(3-C)

BSE-2E

Collapse
Prevention
Structural
Performance
Nonstructural
Performance Not
Considered

(5-D)
Damage Control Damage Control Damage Control Limited Safety
Structural
Structural
Structural
Structural
Performance
Performance
Performance
Performance
Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

(2-B)
Immediate
Occupancy
Structural
Performance

(2-B)
Immediate
Occupancy
Structural
Performance

(2-B)
Immediate
Occupancy
Structural
Performance

Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

(1-B)

(1-B)

(1-B)

Nonstructural
Performance Not
Considered
(4-D)
Life Safety
Structural
Performance
Nonstructural
Performance Not
Considered
(3-D)

New Code Equivalent BPO-N


Risk Category
I & II

BSE-1N

Tier 3

Life Safety
Structural
Performance
Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

III

Collapse
Prevention
Structural
Performance
Nonstructural
Performance Not
Considered

(3-C)
(5-D)
Damage Control Limited Safety
Structural
Structural
Performance
Performance
Position
Retention
Nonstructural
Performance

IV

BSE-2N

(2-B)
Immediate
Occupancy
Structural
Performance
Operational
Nonstructural
Performance
(1-A)

Nonstructural
Performance Not
Considered
(4-D)
Life Safety
Structural
Performance
Nonstructural
Performance Not
Considered
(3-D)

Performance Levels
No Major Changes to the Structural Performance Levels

Nonstructural Performance Levels


Life Safety It can seriously injure or kill greatly reduced from ASCE
31-03 & 41-06
Position Retention Matches ASCE 7 IP = 1.0
Operational Matches ASCE 7 IP = 1.5

Analysis Provision Updates


Significantly more guidance on nonlinear response history (NDP)
Wall out-of-plane forces revised to correlate with ASCE 7
Force-controlled elements permitted to be modeled and fail in nonlinear
analysis
Simplified NSP deleted
Simplified table for C1C2 in the linear procedures added

Material Testing Updates


Kappa can be taken as 0.9 when you are evaluating to
the BSO-E, have good drawings, but dont do testing
Rebar testing provisions updated
Concrete testing provisions updated

Geotechnical Provision
Updates
Site hazards evaluated at same hazard the building is being evaluated to
Liquefaction Analysis Procedure
Analyze the structure with no Liquefaction
Analyze the structure with a liquefaction adjusted spectra and foundation properties
Analyze the structure for the lateral spreads and differential setttlements

New provisions for foundation rocking


Updated soil-foundation-structure interaction provisions

Steel Provision Updates


Addition of BRBF Provisions
Updated CBF Provisions
Updated default material properties

Concrete Provision Updates


Supplement 1 changes completely included
in the published document
Updated bi-axial column provisions
Updated anchors in concrete provisions

Light-Frame Provision Updates


Separate sections for wood and cold-formed steel light
frame CFS no longer references wood acceptance
criteria
Updated wood and CFS reference standards
Updated provisions for shear walls and horizontally
sheathed walls

Masonry Provision Updates


Re-introduction of bed-joint sliding as a deformation controlled action
Updated pier/wall rocking provisions and re-introduction of toe-crushing
limit state
Updated provisions for masonry infill
Provision for anchors into masonry
Updates to the Special Provision for URM

Seismic Isolation /
Supplemental Damping
Provision Updates

Design can proceed with upper and lower bound properties instead of
waiting for isolator testing
Accidental torsion reduced
Vertical force distribution equation updated
Damper testing revised to be more stringent
Peer review requirements reduced to one independent reviewer

Recommended Part 1
Changes from ASCE 41
> Bring in ASCE 41 additional SFSI material Base Slab
Averaging and Embedment Reductions (based on FEMA
440 & ATC-83) into Chapter 19
> Bring forth changes to Chapters 17 and Chapter 18
based on the Seismic Isolation & Energy Dissipation
revisions

Future Coordination Items


> Coordinate ASCE 41 collapse prevention acceptance criteria with NEHRP
Provisions 10% conditional probability in the MCE
> Update ASCE 41 analysis procedures with IT-4 work
> Revise levels of seismicity and performance objectives based on IT-2 work
> Coordinate ASCE 41 liquefaction procedures with IT-8 work

End goal to get to a place


where the documents can
provide similar results

ASCE 41-13 and the NEHRP Provisions

Thank youany questions?

NEHRP PUC Meeting


May 9, 2012