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ASTM International

Mary Grace M. Castañeda

ASTM International, formerly known as the

American Society for Testing and Materials
(ASTM),  is an international standard
organization that develops and publishes
voluntary consensus technical standards for a
wide range of materials, products, systems,
and services.
Driven by the contributions of its members:

more than 30,000 of the world’s technical
experts and business professionals representing
150 countries.

ASTM was formed in 1898 by chemists and

engineers from the Pennsylvania Railroad.
At the time of its establishment, the
organization was known as the American
Section of the International Association for
Testing and Materials.
Charles B. Dudley, Ph.D., a chemist with
the Pennsylvania Railroad, was the driving
force behind the formation of the Society.
In 2001, the Society became known as
ASTM International.

Test method – a definitive procedure that produces a test result.Types of ASTM Standards 1. Example: F76 – 08 Standard Test Methods for Measuring Resistivity and Hall Coefficient and Determining Hall Mobility in SingleCrystal Semiconductors (Compound Semiconductors) .

system. or service. Example: F73 . Specification .2.96(2013) Standard Specification for Tungsten-Rhenium Alloy Wire for Electron Devices and Lamps (Metallic Materials) . explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by a material.

Example: F1376 .92(2012) Standard Guide for Metallurgical Analysis for Gas Distribution System Components (Contamination Control) .3.information or series of options that does not recommend a specific course of action. Guide .

Practice – a definitive set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations that does not produce a test result.4. Example: F773M – 10 Practice for Measuring Dose Rate Response of Linear Integrated Circuits [Metric] (Nuclear and Space Radiation Effect) .

systems. products. or use. or services into groups based on similar characteristics such as origin. Classification – a systematic arrangement or division of materials. Example: D200005 Standard Classification System for Rubber Products in Automotive Applications .5. composition. properties.

Terminology .a document comprising definitions of terms; explanations of symbols.02(2011) Standard Terminology for Membrane Switches . abbreviations.6. or acronyms. Example: F2112 .

and degradation of materials and products . durability. deterioration. and masonry materials D—Miscellaneous materials and products E—Miscellaneous subjects F—End-use materials and products G—Corrosion.ASTM Classifications A—Ferrous metals and products B—Nonferrous metals and products C—Cementitious. concrete. ceramic. weathering.

Standard Practice for Measuring Sheet Resistance of Thin Film Conductors for Flat Panel Display Manufacturing Using a FourPoint Probe Method  – This standard title describes the subject discussed in the standard. This means that document was last reviewed in 2008 and re-approved without any technical revisions Practice –  PRACTICE denotes the type of document.96(2008) Standard Practice for Measuring Sheet Resistance of Thin Film Conductors for Flat Panel Display Manufacturing Using a Four-Point Probe Method F – Classifies this standard in the ‘End-use materials and products’ grouping. . 1711 – is the reference number given to the standard. (This is the 1711th standard approved in the F category ‘End-use materials and products’) 96 – is the year that this standard was last revised 2008 – is the re-approval date of this standard. This number is assigned chronologically by approval date.ASTM Designation F1711 .

Tubing. Chain. Strip.03 Steel-Plate.06 Coated Steel Products  Volume 01. Reinforcing. Railway  Volume 01.01 Steel-Piping.05 Steel-Bars. Stainless Steel Bar  Volume 01. Wire. Bearing.08 Fasteners. Fittings  Volume 01. Sheet. Tool  Volume 01. Rolling Element Bearings .Book of ASTM Standards Section 1 . Pressure Vessel.Iron and Steel Products  Volume 01.02 Ferrous Castings.04 Steel-Structural. Forgings. Ferroalloys  Volume 01.07 Ships and Marine Technology  Volume 01.

Nickel.Section 2 . Refractory Metals and Alloys: Materials for Thermostats.01 Copper and Copper Alloys  Volume 02.02 Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys  Volume 02. Zinc.05 Metallic and Inorganic Coatings. Titanium. Metal Powders and Metal Powder Products . Reactive. and Connectors  Volume 02.Nonferrous Metal Products  Volume 02. Tin. Precious.03 Electrical Conductors  Volume 02. Lead. Electrical Heating and Resistance Contact. Zirconium.04 Nonferrous Metals .

05 Analytical Chemistry for Metals.Section 3 . Surface Analysis . and Related Materials: E 32 .Mechanical Testing.02 Corrosion of Metals. Elevated and Low-Temperature Tests. Ores.04 Magnetic Properties  Volume 03.01 Metals -. Wear and Erosion  Volume 03.06 Molecular Spectroscopy and Separation Science.latest  Volume 03.Metals Test Methods and Analytical Procedures  Volume 03. Metallography  Volume 03.03 Nondestructive Testing  Volume 03.

Vehicle.02 Concrete and Aggregates  Volume 04. Lime. Vitrified Clay Pipe. Concrete Pipe.01 Cement. Building and Environmental Acoustics  Volume 04. Technology and Underground Utilities  Volume 04. Mortars and Grouts. Gypsum  Volume 04. Precast Concrete  Volume 04. Fire Standards. Fiber.Pavement Systems  Volume 04.12 Building Constructions (II): E2112-latest.08 Soil and Rock (I): D420-D5876  Volume 04. Asset Management.04 Roofing and Waterproofing  Volume 04.Section 4 .07 Building Seals and Sealants.13 Geosynthetics .10 Wood  Volume 04. Dimension Stone  Volume 04. Masonry.03 Road and Paving Materials.Reinforced Cement Products.09 Soil and Rock (II): D5877-latest  Volume 04.Construction  Volume 04.06 Thermal Insulation.05 Chemical-Resistant Nonmetallic Materials.11 Building Constructions (I): E72-E2110  Volume 04. Sustainability.

and Lubricants (II): D3711-D6122  Volume 05.Section 5 . Liquid Fuels. Manufactured Carbon and Graphite Products.03 Petroleum Products. and Lubricants (I): C1234-D3710  Volume 05. Liquid Fuels. Lubricants. and Lubricants (III): D6138-D6971  Volume 05. Catalysts  Volume 05. Liquid Fuels.05 Combustion Characteristics.01 Petroleum Products. and Fossil Fuels  Volume 05. Liquid Fuels.02 Petroleum Products.Petroleum Products. and Lubricants (IV): D6973-latest  Volume 05.04 Petroleum Products. Bioenergy and Industrial Chemicals from Biomass . Coal and Coke.06 Gaseous Fuels.

and Aromatics  Volume 06.02 Paint -.Paints. Physical. Protective Coatings. Aromatic .Products and Applications. Resins.Solvents. Polymers.04 Paint -. and Optical Properties. Cellulosic Esters.Tests for Chemical. Naval Stores. Appearance  Volume 06.Pigments.01 Paint -.03 Paint -. Pipeline Coatings  Volume 06. Related Coatings.Section 6 . and Ink Vehicles  Volume 06.

Textiles  Volume 07.02 Plastics (II): D3222-D5083  Volume 08.02 Textiles (II): D4393-latest Section 8 .Section 7 . Plastic Building Products  Volume 08.latest.04 Plastic Piping Systems .01 Plastics (I): C1147-D3159  Volume 08.03 Plastics (III): D5117 . Reinforced Plastic Piping Systems and Chemical Equipment.Plastics  Volume 08.01 Textiles (I): D76-D4391  Volume 07.

Rubber  Volume 09. Carbon Black  Volume 09.Section 9 .02 Rubber Products.03 Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases. Gaskets.01 Rubber. Natural and Synthetic . 3D Imaging Systems .Electrical Insulation and Electronics  Volume 10. Industrial Specifications and Related Test Methods. Electrical Protective Equipment  Volume 10.01 Electrical Insulation (I): D69-D2484  Volume 10. Tires Section 10 .02 Electrical Insulation (II): D2518-latest  Volume 10.General Test Methods. Declarable Substances in Materials.04 Electronics.

Risk Management and Corrective Action Volume 11.Water and Environmental Technology  Volume 11. Environmental Assessment.01 Water (I)  Volume 11.03 Occupational Health and Safety. and Alternative Control Agents. Protective Clothing  Volume 11. Hazardous Substances and Oil Spill Response  Volume 11.02 Water (II)  Volume 11.Section 11 .07 Air Quality .04 Waste Management  Volume 11.06 Environmental Assessment. Antimicrobials.05 Pesticides.

and Geothermal Energy. Search and Rescue.Section 12 . Solar. Radiation Processing Section 13 . Anesthetic and Respiratory Equipment .02 Medical and Surgical Materials and Devices (II): F2502-Latest.02 Nuclear (II). Emergency Medical Services. Solar.01 Medical and Surgical Materials and Devices (I): E667 . and Geothermal Energy  Volume 12.Nuclear.F2477  Volume 13.01 Nuclear Energy (I)  Volume 12.Medical Devices and Services  Volume 13.

Oxygen Fire Safety . Forensic Psychophysiology. Forensic Engineering. Degradation of Materials. Terminology. Forensic Sciences.Section 14 . Nanotechnology. Statistical Methods.03 Temperature Measurement  Volume 14.General Methods and Instrumentation  Volume 14. SI.01 Healthcare Informatics  Volume 14. Conformity Assessment. Manufacture of Pharmaceutical Products  Volume 14.02 General Test Methods.04 Laboratory Apparatus.

04 Soaps and Other Detergents. Industrial and Specialty Chemicals  Volume 15. Composite Materials  Volume 15. Aerospace and Aircraft. Advanced Ceramics  Volume 15. Resilient Floor Coverings  Volume 15. Activated Carbon.Section 15 .06 Adhesives  Volume 15. Amusement Rides and Devices. Leather. Ceramic Whitewares  Volume 15. Pedestrian/Walkway Safety and Footwear.02 Glass. Halogenated Organic Solvents and Fire Extinguishing Agents. and End Use Products  Volume 15.General Products. Chemical Specialties. Polishes.07 Sports Equipment and Facilities.03 Space Simulation.05 Engine Coolants.01 Refractories. Snow Skiing .

Aircraft Systems. Flexible Barrier Packaging  Volume 15. Language Services and Products.09 Paper and Paper Products.10 Packaging. Unmanned Aircraft Systems. Homeland Security Applications  Volume 15. Detention and Correctional Facilities. Vacuum Cleaners. Security Systems and Equipment. General Aviation Aircraft  Volume 15.12 Livestock. Light Sport Aircraft.11 Consumer Products.08 Sensory Evaluation. Meat. Volume 15. Unmanned Maritime Vehicle Systems (UMVS). Business Imaging Products  Volume 15. and Poultry Evaluation Systems. Food Service Equipment .

National Center for Aerospace & Transportation Technologies . systems. and services) and personnel for industries that desire an independent third party demonstration of compliance to standards and/or are facing regulatory pressures to prove compliance to standards. Product Certification Programs .USDA Voluntary Biobased Product Labeling Program Personnel Certification Programs .Certification Programs The ASTM Certification Program covers products (including materials.

Coal Chemistry Technician Personnel Certificate Program .TMC Rater Personnel Certificate Program .Vapor Encroachment Condition Screening Personnel Certificate Program .Light Sport Aircraft Personnel Certificate Program .Certificate Programs The ASTM Personnel Certificate Program provides individuals the ability to attend a learning event and be tested on specific learning objectives. Personnel Certificate Programs .

they must follow the same rules and guidelines called product category rules.Environmental Product Declarations Program Environmental product declarations (EPDs) provide quantifiable environmental data to compare products that fulfill the same function. . In order to create comparable EPDs.

Supplier's Declaration of Conformity Program The ASTM Program on Supplier's Declaration of Conformity to ASTM Standard Test Methods enables a supplier to register with ASTM their product's test results. .

Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety. Other governments (local and worldwide) also have referenced ASTM standards. and municipal government regulations. The Act reflects what had long been recommended as best practice within the federal government. passed in 1995. may become mandatory when referenced by an external contract. The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act. or government. in many federal. requires the federal government to use privately developed consensus standards whenever possible. corporation. All toys sold in the United States must meet the safety requirements of ASTM F963. however. state. . ASTM standards have been adopted.ASTM International has no role in requiring or enforcing compliance with its standards. The law makes the ASTM F963 standard a mandatory requirement for toys while the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) studies the standard's effectiveness and issues final consumer guidelines for toy safety. by incorporation or by reference. Corporations doing international business may choose to reference an ASTM standard. In the United States. The standards. as part of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA).