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Technology and

Livelihood Education 10
(Caregiving NC II)
MR. KIM C. OCTAVIANO

Opening Prayer
Clean Up
Checking of Attendance

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Number

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LAST NAME, FIRST NAME, MIDDLE
INITIAL

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Section

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Learning Activity Sheet


#3

Type of Activity:
Concept Notes

Activity Title:
Lesson 1.4
Use of Tools, Equipment
and Parpahernalia

Learning Targets:
At the end of the lesson the
student is expected to identify
caregiving tools, equipment and
paraphernalia applicable to the
specific job

Reference:
K to 12 Basic Education
Curriculum Technological and
Livelihood Education Learning
Module

Tools, Equipment and


Paraphernalia used in Vital Signs
Taking

Tools, Equipment and


Paraphernalia used in Vital Signs
Taking

Vital Signs
Vital

Signs are the specific measurements of certain


body processes that represent the function of a
particular organ or body system.

An

increase, decrease or absence of change may


signify disease or wellness in a human being

As

a caregiver, the ability to accurately determine


the Vital Signs is the first step that determines
specific care rendered to the client

Classic

Vital Signs include the Pulse Rate,


Respiratory Rate, Temperature and the Blood
Pressure

Thermometer

May be inserted into the rectum


through the anus, into the mouth
under the tongue, or armpit

Specific types include Mercury,


Digital, Tympanic and Infrared
Thermometer.

Digital thermometers provide the


most convenient method while
Tympanic and Infrared Thermometer
are considered to be the most
accurate.

Stethoscope
The

stethoscope is used to amplify sounds


heard (auscultated) in different parts of the
body.

Each

sound represents a different condition


and may indicate illness or wellness.

Sounds

that are heard in the body may be


described as rumbles (borborygmi),
thumping (korotkoff) or a whistle (wheeze)

There

are several parts of


the stethoscope:
The

earpieces protect the


ear of the caregiver and
provides a snug fit of the
apparatus in the ear.

The

tubing transmits air


vibrations from the
chestpiece to the ear

The

chestpiece has two


parts: the Bell and the
Diaphragm
The

bell is best used for lowpitched sounds

The

diaphragm is used for


high-pitched sounds

Sphygmomanometer
Blood

pressure is the force of the


blood pushing against the walls of
the vessels.

The

heart contracts as it pumps the


blood into the arteries. When the
heart is contracting, the pressure is
highest. This pressure is what we
know as the Systolic pressure

When

the heart is at its most relaxed


state, the pressure is lowest, and we
call this as the Diastolic pressure

There

are three types of


Sphygmomanometers, Aneroid,
Digital and Mercury

Parts of the Sphygmomanometer

Activity:
1. Why was the Mercury thermometer
outdated as an equipment used in
Temperature Taking?
2. What are the factors that can affect the
Blood Pressure of a person?
Do you find it important to learn the
different equipments used for Vital Signs?

Pass your papers


Closing Prayer