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Application Ampere Circuital Law

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PARAS BRAHMBHATT (001)

ENROLMENT NUMBER:

130950111014

140953111001

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND

COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING, ITM

UNIVERSE, VADODARA.

5Th Semester.

SUBJECT : ENGINEERING

ELECTROMAGNETICS (2151002)

Ampere

Circuit Law

and Its

Application

Ampre's

Circuital

Law

Magneto statics is the branch of

electric charges in steady motion (i.e.,

steady current or DC).

Amperes law of force.

Amperes law of force is analogous to

Coulombs law in electrostatics.

Amperes Law of

Force

Amperes law of force is the law of action

between current carrying circuits.

between two current carrying circuits in an

otherwise empty universe.

Amperes law of force involves complete circuits

since current must flow in closed loops.

Amperes Law of

Force (Contd)

Experimental facts:

F21 F12

carrying current in

the same direction

attract.

I1

F21

I2

F12

I1

carrying current in

I2

Amperes Law of

Force (Contd)

Experimental

facts:

F12 = 0

oriented

perpendicular

to a long

currentcarrying wire

I1

I2

Amperes Law of

Force (Contd)

Experimental facts:

inversely proportional to the

distance squared.

The magnitude of the force is

proportional to the product of the

Amperes Law of

(Contd)

Force

The direction

of the force

facts can be mathematically

represented

by.

unit vector in direction

unit vector in direction

of current I2

of current I1

a F12 a 2 a1 a R12

unit vector in

direction of force on

I2 due to I1

unit vector in

direction of I2 from I1

Amperes Law of

Force

(Contd)

The force acting on a current element

I2 dl2 by a current element I1 dl1 is

given by

0 I 2 d l 2 I1d l 1 a R1 2

F 12

2

4

R12

0 = 4 10-7 F/m

Amperes Law of

Force (Contd)

The total force acting on a circuit C2

having a current I2 by a circuit C1

having current I1 is given by

d l 2 d l 1 a R1 2

0 I1 I 2

F 12

2

4 C2 C1

R12

(Contd)

The force on C1 due to C2 is equal in

magnitude but opposite in direction

to the force on C2 due to C1.

F 21 F 12

Amperes Law

Applied to a Long

Wire

at constant radius, and centered on the current (z) axis.

Choosing path a, and integrating H around the circle

of radius gives the enclosed current, I:

So that:

as before.

In the coax line, we have two concentric

solid conductors that carry equal and opposite

currents, I.

circular symmetry suggests that H will be entirely

- directed, and will vary only with radius .

Our objective is to find the magnetic field

for all values of

Field Between

The inner conductor

can be thought of as made up of a

Conductors

bundle of filament currents, each of which produces the

field of a long wire.

Consider two such filaments, located at the same

radius from the z axis, , but which lie at symmetric

coordinates, and -Their field contributions

superpose to give a net H component as shown. The

same happens for every pair of symmetrically-located

filaments, which taken as a whole, make up the entire

center conductor.

The field between conductors is thus found to be the same

as that of filament conductor on the z axis that carries current,

I. Specifically:

a < < b

Inner Conductor

conductors, the H can be assumed circular

everywhere.

at radius we again have:

so that

or finally:

Conductors

Outside the transmission line, where > c,

no current is enclosed by the integration path,

and so

have circular symmetry, the field would have to

be constant over the circular integration path, and so it

must be true that:

Conductor

of that within the inner conductor plus that portion of the

outer conductor current existing at radii less than

Amperes Circuital Law

becomes

..and so finally:

THANK YOU

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