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TRUE

CENTRIFUGAL
CASTING

SHAZWAN HAKIM BIN SUADI

WAN AHMAD SHAHRIL BIN ZULKIFLI


MUHAMMAD HANAN BIN MOHD ISMAIL
MUHAMMAD ASRAF BIN AZMI

PROCESS OF CENTRIFUGAL
CASTING

Centrifugal casting is a process that delivers castings of very high material soundness,
and thus is the technology of choice for applications like jet engine compressor cases,
petrochemical furnace tubes, many military products, and other high-reliability
applications.
It is necessary when manufacturing a cast part by the true centrifugal metal casting
process, using some mechanical means, to rotate the mold. When this process is used
for industrial manufacture, this is accomplished by the use of rollers. The mold is
rotated about its axis at a predetermined speed. Molds for smaller parts may be
rotated about a vertical axis. However, most times in true centrifugal casting
manufacture the mold will be rotated about a horizontal axis. The effects of gravity on
the material during the metal casting process make it particularly necessary to cast
longer parts with forces generated from horizontal rather than vertical rotation.

PROCESS OF CENTRIFUGAL
CASTING
It can be seen that this casting process is very well suited for the manufacture of

hollow cylindrical tubes. The forces used in this technique guarantee good
adhesion of the casting material to the surface of the mold. Thickness of the cast
part can be determined by the amount of material poured. The outer surface
does not need to be round. Polygonal geometries such as squares and other
shapes can be cast. However, due to the nature of the process, the inner surface
of a part manufactured by true centrifugal casting must always be round.
During the pouring and solidification phase of true centrifugal casting, the forces
at work play a large roll in the properties of castings manufactured by this
process. It can be seen that forces will be greater in the regions further away
from the center of the axis of rotation. The greater forces towards the rim will
cause the regions of the metal casting nearer the outer surface to have a higher
density than the sections located nearer the inner surface.
Most impurities within the material have a lower density than the metal itself,
this causes them to collect in the inner regions of the metal casting, closer to the
center of the axis of rotation. These impurities can be removed during the
casting operation or they can be machined off later.

QUALITY OF PRODUCT
GOOD AND EXCELLENT SURFACE FINISHING
OF PRODUCT
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES IS EXCELLENT
DIFFERENT WALL THICKNESS CAN BE
PRODUCE BY THE SAME SIZE MOLD

TYPES OF MATERIAL IN
CENTRIFUGAL CASTING
a) Material of Mould
Moulds are made of steel, iron or graphite
May coated with a refractory lining to increase mould life.
b) Material of Casting
The casting is usually a fine-grained casting with a very finegrained outer diameter, owing to chilling against the mold surface.
Impurities and inclusions are thrown to the surface of the inside
diameter, which can be machined away.

DISADVANTAGE

ADVANTAGE

Size in limited

This method is cost effective.

- restricted to production of
cylindrical geometry shape

Both ferrous and non-ferrous metals


can be used.

An inaccurate diameter of inner


surface of casting
Not all alloys can be cast

The equipment can be used for


multiple types of metals without
sacrificing quality.
Impurities are pulled toward the inside
surface and can be easily machined.
Castings with good dimensional
accuracy and quality are produced.
Can produce castings with up to 10
feet in diameter and 50 feet in length.

Vibration defects do to improper


mounting and faulty equipment.

High rate of productivity.


No riser and gate is needed