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Planning Speaking Activity

Why is speaking important?


Speaking is a crucial part of second language

learning and teaching.


Today's world requires that the goal of teaching
speaking should improve students' communicative
skills, because, only in that way, learners can
express themselves and learn how to follow the
social and cultural rules appropriate in each
communicative circumstance.

Speaking
Speaking is the most important skill in English language teaching.
In general, to encourage speaking in the early stages of a course and with

students who are a little timid, give plenty of guidance on what the
conversations should be about.
You can give students a list of questions to ask each other or specific topics
and lots of language input first.
So before the activity gets under way make sure that the class knows the
necessary grammar and vocabulary with appropriate examples. In this way
students dont have to think about what to say, only how to say things.
Set speaking tasks for pair group work as often as possible. The tasks
should have clear aims and involve taking turns, so say Find out what
your partner thinks about X and make some notes, rather than just telling
them to discuss X.
The advantage is that the students are more aware of the need to get the
other persons view instead of talking about themselves the whole time.

What is "Teaching Speaking"?

(Nunan, 2003)

To use language as a means of expressing values and


judgements and organize their thoughts in a meaningful
and logical sequence.
To produce the English speech sounds and sound patterns
To use word and sentence stress, and intonation.
To select appropriate words and sentences.
To use the language quickly and confidently with few
unnatural pauses, which is called as fluency.

How To Teach Speaking?

by "interacting".
-Communicative
language
- based on realteaching and
life situations
collaborative
that require
learning serve communication.
best for this aim.

communicative activities
Communicative activities are practical because they

often dont require any imagination or opinions from


the participants.
They just provide a context for some solid practice of a
particular grammatical structure or some new words.
This type of exercise also accustoms students to
working with each other and gets them moving about
a bit. As in most cases the students arent allowed to
see each others information, you can get them to sit or
stand back to back, for example.

Activities to promote Speaking

Discussions

Playing
Cards

Simulations

Storytelling

Reporting

Role Play

Information
Gap

Interviews

Story
Completion

Picture
Describing

Classroom Speaking Activities


Acting from a script

Prepared talks

Play sript
Acting out dialogs

Questioners

Discussion

Buzz group
Instant comment
Formal debates
Unplanned discussion
Reaching consensus

Stimulation and role-play


Communication games
Information gap games
Television and radio
games

Activity (example)

1. Go through the
vocabulary to
make sure that
students
understand.

2. Do an example
on the board.

3. Divide the class


into pairs and
give each partner

6. Stop the
activity when the
time is up and
have a feedback
session.

5. Set a time limit


of about three
minutes, get them
started and
monitor quietly.

4. Check that they


all know what to
do.

Characteristics of speaking activity

Interactive
Non-interactive

The Role of Teacher

Prompter

Participant

Feedback
provider

Elements of Speaking

Different Speaking Events


Conversational Strategies
Functional Language, Adjacency
Pairs, and Fixed Phrases

Suggestions for teaching Speaking:


provide a rich environment that contains collaborative work,
authentic materials and tasks

try to involve each student in every speaking activity

not correct students' pronunciation mistakes very often


reduce their own speaking time while increasing student speaking
time

Practical Application:

LETS PLAY SPOT THE DIFFERENCES GAME

Divide into two groups,


Look at the pictures and try to find ten differences!

Get a half of
the picture,

Do not show

to others,
Describe

your picture
and try to
find the rest
of yours!

lets play cocktail party


game

Reluctant Students

Plan

Perform

Preparation
Repetition
Grouping (Big or Small)
Mandatory participation

Analyze

Repeat

Conclusion
Rather than leading students to pure

memorization, providing a rich environment where


meaningful communication takes place is desired.
Learners should be more active in the learning

process by means of interactive activities.