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IMPACTS OF

INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY
FOR THE
PRODUCTIVITY AND
Botero,
Melvin MIS
QUALITY
OF LIFE
Busaco, Edlyn PHD
Cero, Ritchemae
GRO
Roferos, Irene
MISTRESS

BSCS IV-B

Fields of Impacts
Covered

EDUCATION
Online classes
Online study guides and
books
Online lessons and guides
User interactive study

Fields of Impacts
Covered

HEALTH CARE

MRI
CT SCANS
X-RAY MACHINES
ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD
SERVICES

Fields of Impacts
Covered

ONLINE BANKING

Online Accounts
24/7 Access
Online Transfers
User Interactive Websites and
Applications

EDUCATION
E-Rate Program
was designed to eliminate digital divide
created through the Telecommunications
Act of 1996
provide Internet Services to schools and
libraries to obtain internet services for
educational and information services
funds are budgeted up to $2.25 billion till
today

EDUCATION
Low Cost Computers
One laptop per child (OLPC) program with
the goal of providing children with low-cost
computer to help in their education
OLPC introduced OLPC XO-3 tablet
computer

EDUCATION

Mobile Phone will be the tool to Bridge the


Digital Divide
Cheaper than PC Computers
Wider range of capabilities
Most modern cell phones can do about everything
that a regular personal PC can
More convenient and easier to carry around
Battery life is usually better than normal PC
computers
Easier to learn to operate tools and features
provided and less time consuming

Health Care
Invention of X-ray Machines, CT Scans, MRI

Continuation.
6. VSD identifies and takes seriously two
classes of stakeholders: direct and
indirect.
Direct Stakeholders refer to parties
who interacts directly with the computer
system or its output.
Indirect Stakeholders refer to all
parties who are affected by the use of
the system.
7. VSD is an interactional theory: values are
viewed neither as inscribed into

Continuation.
8. VSD b.uilds from the psychological
proposition that certain values are
universally held, although how such
values play out in a particular culture at
a particular point in time can vary
considerably.

Practical Suggestions for using


VSD
Start with a Value, Technology or Context
Identify Direct and Indirect Stakeholders
Identify Benefits and Harms for Each
Group
Map Benefits and Harms to Values
Conduct a Conceptual Investigation of
Values
Identify Potential Value Conflicts
Integrate Value Considerations Into Ones
Organizational Structure
Human Values Often Implicated in System
Design
Heuristics for Interviewing Stakeholders.
In these interviews, the following heuristics

Practical Suggestions for using


VSD
Ask about values not only directly, but
indirectly, based on formal criteria
specified in the conceptual investigation.
Heuristics for Technical Investigations
When engaging in value-oriented
technical investigations, the following
heuristics can prove useful:
Technical mechanisms will often
adjudicate multiple if not conflicting
values, often in the form of design tradeoffs.
Unanticipated values and value conflicts
often emerge after a system is developed
and deployed.

Important Values
for System Design
Human Welfare
Ownership and
Property
Freedom from
Bias
Universal
Usability
Autonomy
Informed Consent
Sustainability

Accountability
Courtesy
Identity
Calmness
Trust
Privacy

References:
ABERG, J., and SHAHMEHRI, N. 2001. An
empirical study of human Web assistants:
Implications for user
support in Web information systems. In
Proceedings of the Conference on Human
Factors in Computing
Systems (CHI 2000) (pp. 404-411). New
York, NY: Association for Computing
Machinery Press.
ACKERMAN, M. S., and CRANOR, L. 1999.
Privacy critics: UI components to safeguard
users. privacy. In