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# WEEK 4:

## Chapter 7: Supporting your ideas

In this lesson:
Types of supporting materials and
tips for using them
How to integrate effective supporting

DISCUSSION
Find a partner who has at least THREE
things in common with you.
Discuss the following questions:
1. What are supporting materials?
2. What types of supporting materials do
you know?
3. What are effective supporting materials?

Watch a video
Remember to notice these things:
- Types of supporting materials
- Tips for using each type

## What are supporting materials?

Evidence which can prove the points
youre making

## TYPES OF SUPPORTING MATERIALS

THREE main types of supporting
materials:
Examples
Statistics
Testimony

Examples
- A specific case used to illustrate or
to represent a group of people, ideas,
conditions, experiences, or the like

Types of Examples
Brief examples
Extended examples
Hypothetical examples

Brief Example
- A specific case referred to in passing to
illustrate a point.
- Concisely clarify the point youre making
- Does not take up more than two or three
sentences

Extended Example
A story, narrative, or anecdote
developed at some length to illustrate
a point.

## Hypothetical (Fictional) Example

An example that describes an
imaginary or fictitious situation.

## Tips for Using Examples

Use examples to clarify your ideas
Use examples to reinforce your ideas
Use examples to personalize your ideas
(a great way to relate to your audience)
Make your examples vivid and richly
textured
Practice delivery to enhance your
extended examples

Statistics
Numerical data
Provide your main points with valuable
information and support

Statistical Measures
Mean
Median
Mode
(self study in the coursebook)

## Tips for Using Statistics

Make sure the statistics are from a
reliable source
Use statistics to quantify your ideas
Use statistics sparingly
Identify the sources of your statistics
research
Round off complicated statistics
Use visual aids to clarify statistical
trends

Testimony
- Quotations or paraphrases used to
support a point.
- Using others opinions to support your
ideas
- Giving the audience the real world
example of the concepts youre trying to
illustrate

Types of testimony
Peer (laymans, prestige)
Expert

Peer Testimony
Testimony from ordinary people with
firsthand experience or insight on a topic.
- Laymans: word from the street
(common people the audience may
identify with)
- Prestige: recognizable public figures
(famous people)

Expert Testimony
Testimony from people who are
recognized respected experts in
their fields.

## Ways of using testimony

Direct quotation
Paraphrase

Direct Quotation
Testimony that is presented word
for word.

Paraphrase
To restate or summarize a sources
ideas in ones own words.

## Quote or paraphrase accurately

Use testimony from qualified sources
Use testimony from unbiased sources
Identify the people you quote or
paraphrase

PRACTICE
Watch the video. Identify the suitable
type of supporting materials.

## How to integrate supporting

Watch a video and answer the
questions

## Steps to integrate effective

supporting materials
State the point (dont let the audience
make assumptions)
Present the material by showing or
telling the audience what type of
supporting material you are using
(give a clear reason for this support)
Explain how the support works into the
speech

Back to maisuong.gnomio.com
Give comments and feedback on your
classmates topics.
link to the form in Analysing audience
survey
Do the survey from other classmates

HOMEWORK
1. Analysing your audience: look at the
results of the survey. Make some change