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Anchorage

Determination of anchorage

zone stresses in post-tensioned

beams by Magnels method,

Guyons method and IS1343 code

design of anchorage zone

reinforcement Check for

transfer bond length in pretensioned beams

anchor plate

PT strand

Figure 3

Anchorage components

Source: DSI

wedges

Figure 4

Cross-section of anchorage

Source: Williams Form Engineering

Magnels System

In this method, the end block is considered

as a deep beam subjected to

concentrated loads due to anchorages on one side

and

to normal and tangential distributed loads from

the linear direct stress and shear stress

distribution from the other side.

acting on any point on the horizontal axis parallel to

the beam are shown in Figure

Magnel system

Guyons method

Guyon has developed design tables for the

computation of bursting tension in end blocks

which are based on mathematical investigations

concerning the distribution of stresses in end

blocks subjected to concentrated loads.

The concept of symmetrical or equivalent prism

for eccentric cables, and the method of

partitioning for analysis of stresses developed

due to multiple cables have been introduced by

Guyon.

The distribution of forces at the ends are treated

under the categories of force evenly distributed

and forces not evenly distributed

Guyons system

Introduction

In post tensioned beam prestress is

transferred to the concrete either

by bearing of the anchorage components

against the ends of the beam as in

Magnels system or

By anchoring the tendons to the beams

with the aid of anchoring units which may

be cast in to the concrete as in th

Freyssinet system of prestressing

over

relatively

small

area

cause

transverse and shear stresses close to

the ends of the member

The zone between the ends of the beam

and the section where only longitudinal

stress varying linearly across the depth

is set up is called the anchorage zone or

end block or transmission zone

Length of end block not less than the

depth of the section

Problem

A rectangular beam of cross

section 350mm x 800mm is

subjected to an effective

prestressing force of 2000kN

acting at the centroid of the

section. Take for ties and

expected loss of prestress as

20%. The cables pass through a

steel plate symmetrically in an

area of 200mm x 300mm. Design

350m

m

250m

m

Bearing

plate

800m

m

460m

m

200 x

300mm

360m

m

350m

m

Let the allowable bearing stress be

0.65 f ck 0.65 35 22.75MPa

2000=

10 3

Contact area required

87912mm 2

.75

Selecting the width of22the

plate = 250mm

Depth of the plate =

87912

351.6mm

250

360mm

so that the size of the plate is greater than

200mm x 300mm

Abr (250 50 50)(360 50 50) 161000mm 2

Bearing area

Page 26/clause 19.6.2.1

Abr

0.48 f ci =

Permissible bearing stress

A

pun

0.48 35

161000

22.47 N /mm 2

90000

Whichever is smaller

Hence the permissible bearing stress =

22.47N/mm2

2000 10 3

22.22 N /mm 2

Actual bearing stress

=

90000

30mm

30mm

As the actual bearing stress is less than the allowable value, the

selected size of

the plate is adequate. The thickness of the plate is based on the

bending

moment acting on the plate due to the cantilever projection of the

plate

beyond cable cones and the bearing pressure.

250 200

25mm

360 300

30mm

2

22.22 30 2

M

9999 Nmm / mm

Maximum bending moment,

2

If t is the thickness of the plate, then

M dz

say 20mm

f y Z pz

m0

1 t 2

250

6 9999

1.1

t 16.25mm

anchorage is 250mm

x 360mm x 20mm

Reinforcement for bursting tensile force

y p0

Fbst

0.32 0.3

Page 27/clause 19.6.2.2P0

y0

y p 0 2000

360

Fbst P0 0.32 0.3

0.32 0.3

462.5kN

y

0

.

8

800

462.5 10 3

1281mm 2

0.87 415

1281

4

4

and y0

of

stirrups in the same zone keeping the legs horizontal.

Guyon give the following expression for the

3

'

spalling

a a

Fsp 0.04 P 0.2 P

tensile force

a a '

a a'

Fsp 0.04 P 0.2 P

'

a

100 1000

277 mm 2

0.87 415

277

5 .5

2

8

4

direction and one

six legged stirrups in the horizontal direction

just behind the

anchorage plate.

Example: 2

The solid end block of a post tensioned

prestressed beam of

25m span, with three cables, each of 7-15mm

strands,

tensioned to 1200kN is shown in figure. The

anchorage plates

are square with a side length with a side of

180mm. Design the

end block for bursting forces and sketch the

details of

reinforcement according to the provisions of

the IS 1343-2012

equal areas, with

one anchorage located approximately at the

centroid of each

area. The sections of the equivalent prisms

corresponding to

each anchorage force are shown in figure. The

bursting tension

may now be calculated for each prism as

follows:

y p0

Fbst

0.32 0.3

P0

y0

y p0

180

1200 0.32 0.3

Fbst P0 0.32 0.3

276kN

y0

600

bursting force is

3

276 10

764.44mm 2

0.87 415

764.44

1.94

10 2

5

required

4

y p0

Fbst

0.32 0.3

P0

y0

y p0

180

1200 0.32 0.3

Fbst P0 0.32 0.3

222kN

y0

400

bursting force is

3

222 10

614.87mm 2

0.87 415

614.87

1.96

10 2

4

required

4

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