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Anchorage zone design

Anchorage
Determination of anchorage
zone stresses in post-tensioned
beams by Magnels method,
Guyons method and IS1343 code
design of anchorage zone
reinforcement Check for
transfer bond length in pretensioned beams

Methods and Materials


anchor plate

PT strand
Figure 3
Anchorage components
Source: DSI

wedges
Figure 4
Cross-section of anchorage
Source: Williams Form Engineering

Magnels System
In this method, the end block is considered
as a deep beam subjected to
concentrated loads due to anchorages on one side
and
to normal and tangential distributed loads from
the linear direct stress and shear stress
distribution from the other side.

The forces acting on the end block and the stresses


acting on any point on the horizontal axis parallel to
the beam are shown in Figure

Magnel system

Guyons method
Guyon has developed design tables for the
computation of bursting tension in end blocks
which are based on mathematical investigations
concerning the distribution of stresses in end
blocks subjected to concentrated loads.
The concept of symmetrical or equivalent prism
for eccentric cables, and the method of
partitioning for analysis of stresses developed
due to multiple cables have been introduced by
Guyon.
The distribution of forces at the ends are treated
under the categories of force evenly distributed
and forces not evenly distributed

Guyons system

Introduction
In post tensioned beam prestress is
transferred to the concrete either
by bearing of the anchorage components
against the ends of the beam as in
Magnels system or
By anchoring the tendons to the beams
with the aid of anchoring units which may
be cast in to the concrete as in th
Freyssinet system of prestressing

Large prestressing forces concentrated


over
relatively
small
area
cause
transverse and shear stresses close to
the ends of the member
The zone between the ends of the beam
and the section where only longitudinal
stress varying linearly across the depth
is set up is called the anchorage zone or
end block or transmission zone
Length of end block not less than the
depth of the section

Problem
A rectangular beam of cross
section 350mm x 800mm is
subjected to an effective
prestressing force of 2000kN
acting at the centroid of the
section. Take for ties and
expected loss of prestress as
20%. The cables pass through a
steel plate symmetrically in an
area of 200mm x 300mm. Design

350m
m
250m
m

Bearing
plate

800m
m

460m
m

200 x
300mm

360m
m

Apun 250 360 90000mm 2


350m
m

Abr 350 460 161000mm 2

Design of anchor plate


Let the allowable bearing stress be
0.65 f ck 0.65 35 22.75MPa
2000=
10 3
Contact area required
87912mm 2
.75
Selecting the width of22the
plate = 250mm
Depth of the plate =

87912
351.6mm
250

Select a breath of 250mm and depth of


360mm
so that the size of the plate is greater than
200mm x 300mm

Punching area Apun 250 360 90000mm 2


Abr (250 50 50)(360 50 50) 161000mm 2
Bearing area
Page 26/clause 19.6.2.1
Abr
0.48 f ci =
Permissible bearing stress
A
pun

0.48 35

or 0.8 f ck 0.8 35 28 N /mm 2

161000
22.47 N /mm 2
90000

Whichever is smaller
Hence the permissible bearing stress =
22.47N/mm2
2000 10 3
22.22 N /mm 2
Actual bearing stress
=
90000

30mm

30mm

As the actual bearing stress is less than the allowable value, the
selected size of
the plate is adequate. The thickness of the plate is based on the
bending
moment acting on the plate due to the cantilever projection of the
plate
beyond cable cones and the bearing pressure.
250 200

25mm

Breadthwise, cantilever span of the plate =


360 300

30mm
2

Depthwise, cantilever span of the plate =

22.22 30 2
M
9999 Nmm / mm
Maximum bending moment,
2
If t is the thickness of the plate, then

M dz

IS 800-2007 Page 53/8.2.1.2


say 20mm

f y Z pz

m0

1 t 2
250
6 9999

1.1

t 16.25mm

Adopt a thickness of 20mm. Hence the designed


anchorage is 250mm
x 360mm x 20mm
Reinforcement for bursting tensile force
y p0
Fbst
0.32 0.3
Page 27/clause 19.6.2.2P0
y0

y p 0 2000
360


Fbst P0 0.32 0.3
0.32 0.3
462.5kN
y
0
.
8
800

The area of steel required to resist this bursting force is


462.5 10 3
1281mm 2
0.87 415
1281

No. of 8mm diameter four legged stirrups required 82 6.5

4
4

Provide 7 Nos of 8mm diameter 4 legged stirrups between 0.1y 0


and y0

0.1 x 800 = 80mm to 800mm. Provide the same amount


of
stirrups in the same zone keeping the legs horizontal.

Reinforcement for spalling tensile force


Guyon give the following expression for the
3
'
spalling
a a
Fsp 0.04 P 0.2 P
tensile force
a a '

a a'
Fsp 0.04 P 0.2 P
'
a

0.04 2000 0.2 2000 0 100kN


100 1000
277 mm 2
0.87 415

Area of 8mm diameter bars required

277
5 .5
2
8

No. of 8mm diameter bars required


4

Provide one six legged stirrup in the vertical


direction and one
six legged stirrups in the horizontal direction
just behind the
anchorage plate.

Example: 2
The solid end block of a post tensioned
prestressed beam of
25m span, with three cables, each of 7-15mm
strands,
tensioned to 1200kN is shown in figure. The
anchorage plates
are square with a side length with a side of
180mm. Design the
end block for bursting forces and sketch the
details of
reinforcement according to the provisions of
the IS 1343-2012

The end block has been divided into three


equal areas, with
one anchorage located approximately at the
centroid of each
area. The sections of the equivalent prisms
corresponding to
each anchorage force are shown in figure. The
bursting tension
may now be calculated for each prism as
follows:

Page 27/clause 19.6.2.2

y p0
Fbst
0.32 0.3
P0
y0

y p0

180
1200 0.32 0.3
Fbst P0 0.32 0.3
276kN
y0
600

The area of steel required to resist this


bursting force is
3
276 10
764.44mm 2
0.87 415

No. of 10mm diameter 5 legged stirrups

764.44
1.94
10 2

5
required
4

Provide 2 Nos of 10mm diameter 5 legged stirrups

Horizontal bursting force

y p0
Fbst
0.32 0.3
P0
y0

y p0

180
1200 0.32 0.3
Fbst P0 0.32 0.3
222kN
y0
400

The area of steel required to resist this


bursting force is
3
222 10
614.87mm 2
0.87 415

No. of 10mm diameter 4 legged stirrups

614.87
1.96
10 2

4
required
4

Provide 2 Nos of 10mm diameter 4 legged stirrups