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Pattern of the Kingdom - Genesis 1-2 Perished Kingdom - Genesis 3 Promised Kingdom - Genesis 12 Partial Kingdom God’s people - Genesis 12-Exodus 18 God’s rule - Exodus 19-Leviticus God’s place - Numbers-Joshua God’s king - Judges-2 Chronicles
Prophesied Kingdom - Ezra-Malachi God’s people - the remnant God’s place - new temple and new creation God’s rule - the new covenant and new King Present Kingdom - Matthew-John Proclaimed Kingdom - Acts-Revelation Perfected Kingdom - New Heavens and New Earth
DEFINITION OF THE KINGDOM Don’t start with present. The kingdom of God proper: The consummation of this age and the redemptive renovation of all things. The 4 events that define the kingdom of God proper: • • • • the second advent of Christ the resurrection of the dead the final judgment and the new heavens and new earth.
At this consummate event the triune God will assert his rightful kingship for endless ages with no possible rebellion ever again. Accordingly, any aspect of the kingdom of God which we experience now through the first advent and accomplished work of Christ is an anticipation of that consummation kingdom and not something else. Kingdom of God on that day will be in final consummation: God’s people God’s place God’s rule
Sovereignty of God
This is a functional idea about God’s Ruling Reigning Ownership It brings together the attributes as these are the things that make Him sovereign. God is good, wise, holy and these things come to bear as He rules and governs. Definition: God plans and carries out His perfect will as He alone knows is best, over all that is in heaven and earth, and He does so without failure or defeat. Sovereignty is a statement about God’s control over all things in His plan and His executing that plan. How wide? - over all heaven and earth How successful - without failure or defeat
Scriptural support for the sovereignty of God Deuteronomy 32:39: See now that I myself am He! There is no god besides me. I put to death and I bring to life, I have wounded and I will heal, and no one can deliver out of my hand. God commands that Moses give this song to the people so that they remember that He is God. Spectrum verses: God is in control of both edges of the extremes and everything in between.
Deuteronomy 32:39 Look at the parallelism in the verses: Puts to death Gives life Who wounds And heals We often like to think of God’s sovereignty in terms of One who gives life and One who heals. However in these verses we also learn that God is the One who puts to death and He is the One who wounds. This is often not taught in our evangelical churches today and therefore there is a need to go slow and let this sink in. It is imperative that we take people back to God’s word!
1 Samuel 2 This is the prayer of Hannah as she dedicates Samuel to the Lord. 1 Samuel 2:6-7: The Lord gives both death and life; he brings some down to the grave but raises others up. The Lord makes some poor and others rich; he brings some down and lifts others up. The Lord brings both: Death Life Down to the grave Raises others up
The Lord makes: Poor Rich Brings down Lifts up Just think of this in terms of those who are poor. What poor person out there could God not snap His fingers and provide for them? Which must mean that God purposely chooses not to give what He could give in order that they be poor. Isn’t God in control of both poor and rich? Well move that over to life and death. Every single death that occurs is ordained by God.
Anyone who is killed, could God not stop the bullet, the car or the bomb. Illustration: The Communist that tries to kill the Vietnamese man who will not deny Christ Doesn’t God govern over all things? Every person that is conceived God does it and every person who dies God ordains it. Isn’t that what the sovereignty of God means based on these verses in the Bible? Do an internal check of your own heart right now and see if you are pushing back against this truth! Why is this so hard for us to accept about God? Discuss as a group
Isaiah 45:5-7 "I am the LORD, and there is no other; Besides Me there is no God I will gird you, though you have not known Me; That men may know from the rising to the setting of the sun That there is no one besides Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other, The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the LORD who does all these. Introduction: We can see that from these verses it is clear that God is distinguishing Himself as the one and only God and there in no other besides Himself. As a matter of fact this is what constitutes God 11 being God.
By the way as part of the historical background Isaiah is talking about King Cyrus in these verses who is going to be used of God. I am God and there is no other: the One who forms light and creates darkness The verb for create is “bara” in the Hebrew and can only be attributed throughout the Scriptures as something that God Himself does and does alone. The word for darkness is “raah” in the Hebrew and is the most severe word in the OT for evil and destruction. Here again we have a spectrum of light and darkness
God is the subject of the verb “bara” God causes: Well being - this is the word “shallom” in the Hebrew and means to make whole and everything is right. Ironically the strongest verb bara (create) is matched up with the strongest noun (calamity) And the weaker verb “causes” is matched up with the noun, which is well-being Put this together in our study of the sovereignty of God. God creates evil but He is in no way evil Himself. Let me even go further in this thought process in the Bible, God ordains sin and yet is in no does He sin in doing so. God is the primary cause of good and evil. (Job 1-2)
Daniel 4 The words of King Nebuchadnezzar who was a pagan king. Daniel 4:29-30 ‘Twelve months later he was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon. The king reflected and said, 'Is this not Babylon the great, which I myself have built as a royal residence by the might of my power and for the glory of my majesty?’ Daniel 4:32 and you will be driven away from mankind, and your dwelling place will be with the beasts of the field You will be given grass to eat like cattle, and seven periods of time will pass over you until you recognize that the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind and bestows it on whomever He wishes.’ Conclusion: God gives the kingdoms of the world to those He chooses 14
But then after seven years of eating grass, his beard growing and fingernails not being cut, his reason returns. Daniel 4:34-35 But at the end of that period, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High and praised and honored Him who lives forever; For His dominion is an everlasting dominion, And His kingdom endures from generation to generation. All the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, But He does according to His will in the host of heaven And among the inhabitants of earth; And no one can ward off His hand Or say to Him, 'What have You done?’ Discuss with the group - What does this mean?
King N. talks about the dominion of God being everlasting as compared with his which is temporal The phrase “are nothing compared to Him” Doesn’t this mean: That they add nothing to God even will all their power and prowess and might. The nations do not add or take away from the all sufficiency of God. In context it means that they are able to do nothing in terms of being able to accomplish their own will. Daniel 4:35 - No one can keep God from accomplishing His good a pleasing will. No one can question His wisdom, justice and authority!
Psalm 135:5-6 For I know that the LORD is great And that our Lord is above all gods. Whatever the LORD pleases, He does, In heaven and in earth, in the seas and in all deeps. What in this verse distinguishes God? Answer - God does whatever He pleases How wide? How deep? There are no qualifications to these statements. Such as, God can only do this as long as human beings are stubborn in their hearts. Psalm 115:3 But our God is in the heavens; He does whatever He pleases.
Proverbs 21:1 The king's heart is like channels of water in the hand of the LORD; He turns it wherever He wishes. Remember the 10 plagues that God sent against the Egyptian people via His servant Moses. Wouldn’t you think that after all these hardships the people of Egypt would hate and want to kill the Israelites? But look what happened. Exodus 12:35-36 Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; and the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
Proverbs 16:33 - The lot is cast into the lap, But its every decision is from the LORD. Matthew 6:26 - Are not two sparrows sold for a copper coin? And not one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father’s will. (NKJV) Proverbs 19:21 - Many plans are in a man's heart, But the counsel of the LORD will stand. Isaiah 46:10 - Declaring the end from the beginning, And from ancient times things which have not been done, Saying, 'My purpose will be established, And I will accomplish all My good pleasure'; Jeremiah 32:27 - Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh; is anything too difficult for Me?” Genesis 18:14 - “Is anything too difficult for the LORD?…”
What is sin? Sin is any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act, attitude or nature. We all know that sin is harmful to our lives and that it brings pain and destructive consequences to others and us. However, it much more serious than what it does to others because it is a direct contradiction, violation and rebellion to the very holiness of God.
Scriptural support for the definition of sin 1 John 3:4 - Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness. James 4:17 - Therefore, to one who knows the right thing to do and does not do it, to him it is sin Romans 14:23 - “…and whatever is not from faith is sin.
Romans 3:23 - For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God
Biblical evidence for the doctrine of sin Genesis 6:5: "The LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.” Jeremiah 13:23 (NIV): "Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard its spots? Neither can you do good who are accustomed to doing evil.” Romans 3:10-11: "None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God.” Romans 8:7-9: "For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God's law; indeed, it cannot. Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him." Ephesians 2:3b: "[We] were by nature children of wrath, like the 22 rest of mankind."
1 Corinthians 2:14: "The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned." Genesis 8:21 - The LORD smelled the soothing aroma; and the LORD said to Himself, “I will never again curse the ground on account of man, for the intent of man’s heart is evil from his youth; and I will never again destroy every living thing, as I have done 1 Kings 8:46 - “When they sin against You (for there is no man who does not sin) and You are angry with them and deliver them to an enemy, so that they take them away captive to the land of the enemy, far off or near Psalms 51:5 - Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me. Jeremiah 17:9 - The heart is more deceitful than all else And is 23 desperately sick; Who can understand it?
Romans 7:18 - For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not 1 John 1:8- If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us.
Summary Point: Man is not basically good - Man is bad, evil, wicked and corrupt Even though we learn in Genesis 1:27 we were created in His image something went terribly and tragically wrong in Genesis 3 when Adam sinned. From that time until now - man is not a sinner because he sins, rather man sins because he is a sinner!
Romans 5:12-21 The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in our lives. By the way these two sin problems are what all people inherit from Adam. 1. We have inherited condemnation – our original guilt and condemnation is not rooted in our first individual sinning but in our connection with Adam and his sin. Since we are regarded as having sinned in Adam then we are subject to the same punishment as Adam. This imputed sin is the ruin of our standing before God in which we are reckoned as guilty in the courtroom of God. Romans 5:12 - Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned
The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in our lives. By the way these two sin problems are what all people inherit from Adam. 2. We have inherited corruption – Because of Adam’s sin then we all enter the world with a sinful or fallen nature. This sin nature, which we have inherited from Adam, manifests itself in our thought, ways of speaking and behaving such that we violate the moral commands of God. At birth inherent to every person because of Adam’s sin there are sinful thoughts and feelings. We are not sinners because we sin rather we sin because we are sinners!
The point of this Scripture is HUGE because in that my corrupted condition and my sinful behavior I have a much deeper problem. That problem is rooted in my union with Adam, my father in whom I sinned, was condemned and died. We need to see where in this paragraph Paul is writing to show us that it is our connection to and with Adam that is our main problem. Romans 5:15 – “…by the transgression of the one many died…” The one here is Adam Romans 5:16 – “…for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation…” Romans 5:17 – “For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one…” Romans 5:18 – “…through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men” Romans 5:19 – “For as through the one man’s disobedience the 27 many were made sinners…”
Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution? The problem of our condemnation in Adam God remedies through justification in Christ. His reckoning to us the righteousness Christ solves the problem of our legal guilt and condemnation before God. In other words if we are to stand before God and be declared “not guilty” then we must have the righteousness of Someone else.” That someone else is Christ and His righteousness is imputed to us by grace alone, through faith alone. This event is outside of me and is judicial - (declared righteous) This event happens in an instant
Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution? The problem of our corruption God remedies through sanctification by the Spirit. And the problem of our moral defilement and habitual sinning is solved by His purifying us by the work of Spirit. This process is what we call sanctification. This event is inside of me and moral This event happens progressively over time
The judicial consequences of Adam’s sin are experienced by all of those who are in him which is everyone in the world. It is not on the basis on the individual sins that they perform but on their corporate identity with Adam and his sin, condemnation and death that has been imputed to them. Therefore the judicial consequences of Christ’s righteousness are experienced by all of His people, not on their acts of individual righteousness, but on the basis of their union with Christ corporately so that His righteousness becomes their righteousness and they live and have acceptance with God and life. The way God set up the universe was to bring the whole human race into condemnation through one man so that it might be crystal clear that through one man salvation comes and it is through His 30 righteousness alone.
Human Depravity Is Total in at Least Five Ways 1. Depravity affects every human. Romans 3:23 All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. 1 Kings 8:46 There is no man who does not sin. Psalm 143:2 And do not enter into judgment with Your servant, for in Your sight no man living is righteous. 1 John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the 31 truth is not in us.
2. Our rebellion or hardness against God is total, that is, apart from the grace of God there is no delight in the holiness of God, and there is no glad submission to the sovereign authority of God. Romans 3:9-11, 18 What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both Jews and Greeks are all under sin; as it is written, “THERE IS NONE RIGHTEOUS, NOT EVEN ONE; THERE IS NONE WHO UNDERSTANDS, THERE IS NONE WHO SEEKS FOR GOD . . . THERE IS NO FEAR OF GOD BEFORE THEIR EYES.”
John 3:19-21 This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God. Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness.
3. In his total rebellion everything man does is sin. Romans 14:23 Whatever is not from faith is sin. Hebrews 11:6 And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him. Romans 7:18 For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not.
4. Man’s inability to submit to God and do good is total. Romans 8:5-9 For those who are according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. For the mind set on the flesh [literally: “the mind of the flesh”] is death, but the mind set on the Spirit [literally: “the mind of the Spirit”] is life and peace, because the mind set on the flesh [literally: “the mind of the flesh”] is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so, and those who are in the flesh cannot please God. However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him.
John 3:5-7 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’” Romans 6:17-18 But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to which you were committed, and having been freed from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.
Ephesians 2:1-5 And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved). Ephesians 4:17-18 So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart. 37
John 6:44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day. 1 Corinthians 2:14 But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually appraised. Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is more deceitful than all else and is desperately [incurably] sick; who can understand it?
5. Our rebellion is totally deserving of eternal punishment. Ephesians 2:3 Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9 [God will] deal out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power. Matthew 25:46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.
In summary: Total depravity or total inability means that apart from any enabling grace from God, our hardness and rebellion against God is total, everything we do in this rebellion is sin, our inability to submit to God or reform ourselves is total, and we are therefore totally deserving of eternal punishment. It is hard to exaggerate the importance of admitting our condition to be this bad. If we think of ourselves as basically good or even less than totally at odds with God, our grasp of the work of God in redemption will be defective.
God’s Sovereignty in Election
Matthew 11:25-27 Matt. 11:25 ¶ At that time Jesus said, "I praise You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent and have revealed them to infants. Matt. 11:26 "Yes, Father, for this way was well-pleasing in Your sight. Matt. 11:27 "All things have been handed over to Me by My Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal Him. Matthew 13:10-17 also (Mark 4:10-13) Matt. 13:10 ¶ And the disciples came and said to Him, "Why do You speak to them in parables?" Matt. 13:11 Jesus answered them, "To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted. Matt. 13:12 "For whoever has, to him more shall be given, and he will have an abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has shall be taken away from him. Matt. 13:13 "Therefore I speak to them in parables; because while seeing they do not see, and while hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. 41
Matt. 13:14 "In their case the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled, which says, 'YOU WILL KEEP ON HEARING, BUT WILL NOT UNDERSTAND; YOU WILL KEEP ON SEEING, BUT WILL NOT PERCEIVE; Matt. 13:15 FOR THE HEART OF THIS PEOPLE HAS BECOME DULL, WITH THEIR EARS THEY SCARCELY HEAR, AND THEY HAVE CLOSED THEIR EYES, OTHERWISE THEY WOULD SEE WITH THEIR EYES, HEAR WITH THEIR EARS, AND UNDERSTAND WITH THEIR HEART AND RETURN, AND I WOULD HEAL THEM.' Matt. 13:16 "But blessed are your eyes, because they see; and your ears, because they hear. Matt. 13:17 "For truly I say to you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear
John 6:37-40, 44, 65: John 6:37 "All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will certainly not cast out. John 6:38 "For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. John 6:39 "This is the will of Him who sent Me, that of all that He has given Me I lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day. John 6:40 "For this is the will of My Father, that everyone who beholds the Son and believes in Him will have eternal life, and I Myself will raise him up on the last day." John 6:44 "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day. John 6:65 And He was saying, "For this reason I have said to you, that no one can come to Me unless it has been granted him from the Father."
John 15:16 "You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you. John 5:20-21 "For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing; and the Father will show Him greater works than these, so that you will marvel. John 5:21 "For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life (eternal life) to whom He wishes.
John 17:1-2, 6, 9, 24 John 17:1 ¶ Jesus spoke these things; and lifting up His eyes to heaven, He said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You, John 17:2 even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life. John 17:6 ¶ "I have manifested Your name to the men whom You gave Me out of the world; they were Yours and You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. John 17:9 "I ask on their behalf; I do not ask on behalf of the world, but of those whom You have given Me; for they are Yours; John 17:24 "Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.
John 10:14-16, 24-30 John 10:14 "I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, John 10:15 even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep. John 10:16 "I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd. John 10:24 The Jews then gathered around Him, and were saying to Him, "How long will You keep us in suspense? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly." John 10:25 Jesus answered them, "I told you, and you do not believe; the works that I do in My Father's name, these testify of Me. John 10:26 "But you do not believe because you are not of My sheep. John 10:27 "My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; John 10:28 and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. John 10:29 "My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father's hand. John 10:30 "I and the Father are one."
Acts 13:44-48 Acts 13:44 ¶ The next Sabbath nearly the whole city assembled to hear the word of the Lord. Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy and began contradicting the things spoken by Paul, and were blaspheming. Acts 13:46 Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly and said, "It was necessary that the word of God be spoken to you first; since you repudiate it and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, behold, we are turning to the Gentiles. Acts 13:47 "For so the Lord has commanded us, 'I HAVE PLACED YOU AS A LIGHT FOR THE GENTILES, THAT YOU MAY BRING SALVATION TO THE END OF THE EARTH.'" Acts 13:48 ¶ When the Gentiles heard this, they began rejoicing and glorifying the word of the Lord; and as many as had been appointed (ordained) to eternal life believed. 47
Acts 18:9-11 Acts 18:9 And the Lord said to Paul in the night by a vision, "Do not be afraid any longer, but go on speaking and do not be silent; Acts 18:10 for I am with you, and no man will attack you in order to harm you, for I have many people in this city." Acts 18:11 And he settled there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them. Romans 8:29-30 Rom. 8:29 For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; Rom. 8:30 and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.
Ephesians 1:3-6 Eph. 1:3 ¶ Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, Eph. 1:4 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love Eph. 1:5 He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, Eph. 1:6 to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved.
1 Peter 1:1-2 - Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who reside as aliens, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, who are chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure. 1 Timothy 2:9 - who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity, Revelation 13:8 - All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain.
Revelation 17:8 - "The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.
IN CONCLUSION: Definition of Election - this is an act of God before creation in which God chooses some people to be saved, not on account of any foreseen merit in them, but only because of His sovereign good pleasure.
THE ORDER OF SALVATION Election - God’s choice of people to be saved The gospel call - Proclaiming the gospel message Regeneration - being born again Conversion - faith and repentance Justification - a right legal standing before God Adoption - membership into God’s family Sanctification - right conduct of life Perseverance - remaining a Christian Death - going to be with the Lord Glorification - receiving a resurrection body
ELECTION AND FOREKNOWLEDGE The verb "foreknew" occurs 5 times in the New Testament; Acts 26:5 - since they have known about me for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that I lived as a Pharisee according to the strictest sect of our religion. Romans 8:29 – For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; Romans 11:2 - God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel?
1 Peter 1:20 - For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you 2 Peter 3:17 - You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, be on your guard so that you are not carried away by the error of unprincipled men and fall from your own steadfastness, The noun "foreknowledge" occurs two times in the New Testament; Acts 2:23 - this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death. 1 Peter 1:2 – according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure.
Many New Testament Greek scholars defines foreknowledge as follows: In Scripture "know" has a pregnant meaning, which goes beyond that of mere cognition. It is used in a sense practically synonymous with "love," to set upon, to know with peculiar interest, delight, affection, and action; The word know can be imported for the word foreknow in not only 8:29 but in Romans 11:2 - God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel?
Genesis 18:19 - "For I have chosen him, so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing righteousness and justice, so that the LORD may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him." Bert paraphrase - "For I have set my favor, delighted in him... Exodus 2:25 - God saw the sons of Israel, and God took notice of them. Bert paraphrase - "...and God favored them." Psalm 1:6 - For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, But the way of the wicked will perish. Bert paraphrase - "For the Lord delights in the way of the righteous..."
Psalm 144:3 - O LORD, what is man, that You take knowledge of him? Or the son of man, that You think of him? Bert paraphrase - "O LORD, what is man that You set your affection on him..." Jeremiah 1:5 - "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, And before you were born I consecrated you; I have appointed you a prophet to the nations." Bert paraphrase - "Before I formed you in the womb I delighted in you..." Amos 3:2 - "You only have I chosen among all the families of the earth; Therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities." Bert paraphrase - "You only have I set my favor upon among all the families of the earth..."
Hoses 13:5 - I cared for you in the wilderness, In the land of drought. Bert paraphrase - "I knew you in the wilderness..." Matthew 7:23 - "And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; DEPART FROM ME, YOU WHO PRACTICE LAWLESSNESS.' Bert paraphrase - "And then I will declare to them, I never set my affection upon you..." 1 Corinthians 8:3 - but if anyone loves God, he is known by Him. Bert paraphrase - "but if anyone loves God, he is favored by Him."
Galatians 4:9 - But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again? Bert paraphrase - "But now that you have come to have God's love or affection placed on you..." 2 Timothy 2:19 - Nevertheless, the firm foundation of God stands, having this seal, "The Lord knows those who are His," and, "Everyone who names the name of the Lord is to abstain from wickedness." Bert paraphrase - "...The Lord sets His favor on those who are His...” In summary: Therefore the word foreknowledge in these verses mean what God does and not just what God sees when He looks into the future.
THE GOSPEL CALL Effective calling is an act of God the Father, speaking through the human proclamation of the gospel, in which He summons people to Himself in such a way that they respond in saving faith. Although it is true that effective calling awakens and brings forth a response from the person, we must always insist that this response still has to be voluntary, willing response in which the person puts his or her trust in Christ. 1 Peter 2:9 - But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light. (NIV)
1 Corinthians 1:9 - God, who has called you into fellowship with his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, is faithful. Acts 2:39 - For the promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God will call to Himself.” 1 Thess. 2:12 - so that you would walk in a manner worthy of the God who calls you into His own kingdom and glory. 1 Peter 5:10 - After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you. 2 Peter 1:3 - seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence.
People who have been called belong to Jesus Romans 1:6 - among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ; These people are called to be “saints” Romans 1:7 - “to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as saints…” And these who have been called have come into the realm of: Peace - Colossians 3:15 - “Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body…” Freedom - Galatians 5:13 - “For you were called to freedom, brethren;…” Hope - Ephesians 1:18 - “… so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints”
REGENERATION Regeneration is a secret act of God in which he imparts new spiritual life to us. This is sometimes what we call “being born again.” We did not choose to be made alive physically and we did not choose to be born - it is something that happened to us. Think for a minute about your physical birth experience. There was someone else who had to go through the pain and all you did was to receive the benefit of your physical birth. This is the way it is with our spiritual re-birth so to speak. Effective calling is God the Father speaking powerfully to us and regeneration is God the Father and God the Holy Spirit working powerfully in us, to make us alive. Also this is as instantaneous act of God.
Jesus says to Nicodemus in John 3:3; “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God. Now STOP - LOOK - LISTEN unless - a necessary precondition Nicodemus listen to Me very carefully about this Biblical truth. I am not saying “might not” and I am not saying “will not” but I am saying “can not” meaning it is absolutely impossible for you to see the kingdom of God “unless-unless-unless”one is born again!!! The Greek word for “see” used here means to know, understand or perceive.
Now may I turn our attention to the phrase “is born again” If you have a study Bible look at John 3:3 and there should be a number 1 to the right of the word “born.” In the study column of your Bible check and see if it doesn’t say the words “from above.” This indicates that you could translate as follows “unless one is born from above” Also “is born” in the Greek is gennao and is a verb which is in the passive voice. The difference between the active and passive voice In this case born from above must happen to a person
Putting it all together… If a man, woman, boy or girl is ever going to see the kingdom of God it can not happen…UNLESS They are born from above OR Which means that which is done to them by the Spirit of God Nicdoemus is having a brain cramp… and Jesus follows with this statement in John 3:7 “Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ The wind (pnuema in the Greek) blows where it wishes you hear the effect of where it is blowing but you don’t know where from or where going
The term born again is seen other places in the Bible: 1 Peter 1:3 (NIV) refers to the “new birth” Titus 3:5 (NASB) refers to “regeneration” Ephesians 2:5 (NIV and NASB) refers to “made alive” Ezekiel 36:26 (NASB) refers to “heart of flesh” 1 Peter 2:9 (NASB) refers to “called you out of darkness into His marvelous light” 2 Corinthians 5:17 (NIV) refers to “new creation” Born again means the secret act of God in which He imparts new spiritual life into us. We see the fruit but not the root Take one who is dead and makes them alive
Let’s continue by turning to Ephesians 2:1-10 the biography of the believer
By virtue of being dead we were dominated by 3 forces: • • • Dominated by the spirit of this age Dominated by the devil Dominated by our fallen nature (the flesh)
“And you were dead in your trespasses and sins” Illustration: Murder trial I was on and the picture of the dead victim. If you went up to the victim and pricked his toe with a pin what would happen? He would have been unresponsive to any physical stimulation because he was dead. If you prick a person’s heart with the gospel and they are dead how do they respond? He will be unresponsive to any spiritual stimulation because they are in fact dead. Ephesians 2:4 - “But God…”
Turn to Colossians 2:13 “When you were dead…He made you alive…”
Digging a little deeper… 1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ Who according to His great mercy Has caused us to be born again To a living hope Through the resurrection of Jesus Christ From the dead
1 Peter 1:23 For you have been born again Passive voice - something that has happened to you Not of seed which is perishable But Imperishable That is through the living and enduring word of God
Philippians 1:29 For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for him, Chase the verbs “Granted” aorist tense - at a point in time, passive voice - this is something that happened to you “Believe” present tense - continuous or habitually active - something that you are to do (our responsibility) It was grace that enabled me to believe and not believing that enabled me to have grace
Theme for 1 John 1 John 5:13 - “These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life.” Theme - the assurance of salvation
1 John 2:29 If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone also who practices righteousness is born of Him. Practices righteousness is the outworking of being born of Him or could we say “born again.” “practices” - present tense “is born” perfect tense According to the rules of Greek: The perfect tense happens prior to the present
1 John 3:9 No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. “is born” perfect tense passive voice Therefore when one is born from above which means to be genuinely “born again” he can not continue to practice sin on a regular and consistent basis.
1 John 4:7 Beloved, let us love one another, for love is from God; and everyone who loves is born of God and knows God. loves - present tense (continues and does habitually) is born - perfect tense and passive voice Therefore the “is born” precedes the loving one another
1 John 5:1 Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and whoever loves the Father loves the child born of Him. believes - present tense is born - perfect tense and passive voice Therefore the “is born” preceeds the believing
Putting it all together… Theme of 1 John The assurance of salvation Therefore: If a person doesn’t continue to habitually and continuously sin (1 John 3:9) If a person loves the people of God (1 John 4:7) If a person believes Jesus is the Messiah (1 John 5:1) Then that is the manifestation for them to know that they have been born of God or born again
CONVERSION Conversion is our willing response to the gospel call, in which we sincerely repent of sins and place our trust in Christ for salvation. Repentance means to turn from sin (see notes on Doctrine of Sin), it is a heartfelt sorrow for sin, a renouncing of it, and a sincere commitment to forsake it and walk in obedience to Christ. Faith means to trust in Christ (See notes on Faith that follow)
Turn to: John 7:37-38 John 7:37 ¶ Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. John 7:38 “He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, ‘From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.’” Do you see the connection between the words “come to Me” and “believes in Me?” In this context to come to Jesus is to believe in Jesus.
Here is the critical question from this text? What does it mean, according to the Lord Jesus to come to Him or to believe in Him? Have you ever been really thirsty after a workout, or from eating country ham as Dr. Poplin mentioned on Sunday? Can you recall having a cold drink when you were very thirsty and it quenching your thirst? That is a pointer toward what it means to believe in Jesus and that is for Him to satisfy the thirst of your soul. Is that what your believing in Jesus looks like? Or is it a mental assent to the facts that Jesus came to earth as a human being, lived a life, died a death and was risen from the dead.
81 That kind of mental assent does and intellectual information does
Now compare this teaching of Jesus with the teaching of the apostle Paul. 2Tim. 3:1 ¶ But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come. 2Tim. 3:2 For men will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, revilers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy, 2Tim. 3:3 unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good, 2Tim. 3:4 treacherous, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, Let’s be good Bible students, in the last days where will the satisfaction of men be found? Self Money (Mark 10:23-27) Pleasure
Go back to what Jesus said: Matt. 24:11 “Many false prophets will arise and will mislead many. Matt. 24:12 “Because lawlessness is increased, most people’s love will grow cold. Let’s look at what Paul said: 2Tim. 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires What did the prophet Hosea proclaim: Amos 8:11 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord GOD, “When I will send a famine on the land, Not a famine for bread or a thirst for water, But rather for hearing the words of the LORD.
Are the following verses the “cry of your heart?” Psalm 27:4 - One thing I have asked from the LORD, that I shall seek:That I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life,To behold the beauty of the LORD, And to meditate in His temple. Philippians 1:20-21 - “…but that with all boldness, Christ will even now, as always, be exalted in my body, whether by life or by death. For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain.” Are you God centered in your learning and living? Do you feel more loved because God makes much of you? Or Because at the cost of His son, the Lord Jesus Christ, He allows you to make much of Him?
Our hearts can so easily deceive us… We can claim to be praising God because of His love for us. But if we consider the definition of love as being made much of, then who is really being praised? We are happy to be God-centered in our theology as long as God is man-centered
So what does the saving love of God look like? It is God’s unswerving commitment to any and everything necessary to enthrall us with the one thing, with the only thing that can bring us ultimate satisfaction And that one thing is God Himself!
Bible study class, isn’t that the gospel? In Greek the word for gospel is euangelion and it means “good news” So what is the good news? Good news is our full and final enjoyment of the “glory of God” in the face of Jesus Christ. (2 Cor. 4:6) Here are three things that must be true regarding the gospel • The gift must be purchased by the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ. Our sins are taken away and God’s wrath is removed and Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us. The gift must be free and not earned. The gift must be God Himself above all other gifts.
Does the following describe you as a person who has received the saving love of God? You are abiding in God’s word on a regular basis? The Lord Jesus Christ satisfies you above everything else in your life? You in an active pursuit of a life of righteousness and obedience to God You love the brethren? It could be that this class has shown you or someone that you know that it is not discipleship they need but genuine evangelism. I’m asking you the most important question I could ever ask: Are you saved?
Do you want to know the answer to that question? Then turn to Matthew 7 and hear this text: First, consider the group that He is addressing here. Disciples (gospel-centered) Pharisees, teachers and scribes (religious centered)
What is Jesus teaching? Ø Two gates Ø Two trees Ø Two houses What does it mean? Isn’t that the cardinal rule that we have learned from this study?
JUSTIFICATION Justification is an instantaneous legal act of God in which he: • • Thinks of our sins as forgiven and Christ’s righteousness as belonging to us, and… Declares us to be righteous in His sight
Romans 3:21-26 21But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.
2 Corinthians 5:18-21 18 Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, 19 namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation. 20 Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were making an appeal through us; we beg you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God. 21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
1 Corinthians 15:1-4 1 Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. 3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,
6 aspects of the gospel from 1 Corinthians 15:1-4 • • This is a planned gospel The gospel involves historical events
Christ lived Christ died Christ buried Christ rose Christ intercedes • • The gospel involves the accomplishment of something between the Father and the Son before you were born The gospel involves an offer to all, namely to faith and not to works 93
1. The gospel is an application to you of what was accomplished 2000 years ago. (Verse 2) 2. The gospel is an external infinitely happy future reality for those who believe it. Definition of the Gospel: “The gospel is the good news of God’s saving activity in the person and work of Christ. This includes His incarnation in which he took to Himself full (yet sinless) human nature; his sinless life which fulfilled the perfect law of God; his substitutionary death which paid the penalty for man’s sin and satisfied the righteous wrath of God; his resurrection demonstrating God’s satisfaction with his sacrifice; and his glorification and ascension to the right hand of the Father where he now reigns and intercedes for the church.
We need to remember regarding the gospel Such news is specific: there is a defined ‘thatness’ to the gospel which sets forth the content of both our saving faith and our proclamation. It is objective, and not to be confused with our response. It is sufficient: we can add nothing to what Christ has accomplished for us--it falls to us simply to believe this news, turning from our sins and receiving by faith all that God has done for us in Christ.”
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