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BAL Rotation

Prepared by: Michael Adrian L. Hernandez


December 1, 2005

BSC10 (Makati) 1800 Macro Layer shown with BCCH

314MTROP
649

622

639

657

M56EASTW

658

687

618
654

643

660

643

H36KMGNG

979ANENE
658

648

317MSTAR

652

639

394SALVL
648

644

905MASKY
649

647

650

707

912PNRSN

655

651

641

921MKTPS

653

H43MCLUB
391VAROD

655

653
644

646

660

709

638

639

648

658

392ALPAP643

637

902PENIN
655

1800 MBCCH frequencies (Macro Layer) to be used for BALs : 24 channels


618,622,637,638,639,641,643,644,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,707,709

BSC10 (Makati) 1800 Micro Layer shown with BCCH

614
620

M57SMRTW

622

M5260SMT2
T99USITE

W87SPAUL
616
618

614

612

M35ASLCD

619 735
587

M10MMCZZ

M91PPTBU
622
705

695

M40CORSE
608

691

612
618

L43KALAY
M45RYLMH

1800 MBCCH frequencies (Micro Layer) to be used for BALs : 14 channels


587,608,612,614,615,616,618,619,620,622,691,695,705,735

615

BSC10 (Makati) 1800 Pico Layer shown with BCCH


604

L64MKCOL

E87GTTOW
I50MBNKC
592
697

5018ACRO
605

I78RCBC1
I79RCBC2

E52WCNTR
P73TRIDT

L42SAGUI
6058FRC3
6026FRSR

706
587
612
689
616
5254RXAS
613
611
613
617
612
5567CHOW
587 591
587
618 605
614
622
K40UCPBZ
620
613
618
589 620
615 603
5500MBHO
5262ECIT 613
615
5130BC26
587 618
622
710
E46MKMED

P31BALEP
J73EPHTL
I72EQTBT
E53SKYPL
I73PHAML
5565UCPB
E55LKGTW
I55PLDTW

L43KALAY
5308CITI

E54PBCOM
I77SSNSA

1800 MBCCH frequencies (Pico Layer) to be used for BALs : 22 channels


587,589,591,592,603,604,605,605,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,620,622,689,697,706,710

BSC10 (Makati) 900 Macro Layer shown with BCCH

57
49

59

54

314MTROP

56
61

979ANENE

317MSTAR 44
52

42

59

58
50

51

47

38

912PNRSN

56

905MASKY
48
57

38

53

392ALPAP
40

391VAROD

900 MBCCH frequencies (Macro Layer) to be used for BALs : 17 channels


38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,56,57,58,59,61

BSC10 (Makati) 900 Micro Layer shown with BCCH

44
40

T99USITE

900 MBCCH frequencies (Micro Layer) to be used for BALs : 2 channels


40,44

BSC10 (Makati) 900 Pico Layer shown with BCCH

38

P78PETMP
51
60

P62MNDRH
61

P81CITIB
55

P15VARPC
M99NOKIA

900 MBCCH frequencies (Pico Layer) to be used for BALs : 5 channels


38,51,55,60,61

Creation of BAL for BTS 99 (S979ANENE1)


After determining the unique MBCCH frequencies of 1800 and 900 Macro, Micro and Pico layer, we
have arrived at a set of frequencies that will be used for BAL Rotation.

MBCCH frequencies to be used for BALs : 70 channels


587,589,591,592,603,604,605,608,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,622,637,638,639,641,642,643,644
645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,689,691,695,697,705,706,707,709,710,735
38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61

Creation of BAL for BTS 99 (S979ANENE1)


ADCE of Cell ID 10979
Target BTS

MBCCH

Target BTS

MBCCH

S312SNAND4

40

SH28SNDR22

642

SH38SAWHS5

42

S979ANENE2

643

S912PNRSN4

47

SH14SNGL21

645

S935TAFTZ4

48

S912PNRSN1

647

S314MTROP6

49

SH38SAWHS2

648

S314MTROP5

54

S912PNRSN3

649

S979ANENE4

56

S314MTROP3

649

S979ANENE6

59

S312SNAND2

652

S979ANENE5

61

S314MTROP2

654

S312SNAND5

61

S979ANENE3

658

I5567CHOW1

592

S905MASKY3

658

PL64MKCOL1

604

SH36KMGNG3

660

SH28SNDR23

637

S312SNAND1

641

There are 26 existing ADCEs.


So, there are 5 free slots for
BAL Rotation. But there are
3 sets of identical MBCCH
frequencies found in the
ADCE list and these are
channels 61, 649 & 658. So
all in all there are 8 free slots
for BAL Rotation.

Creation of BAL for BTS 99 (S979ANENE1)


Day 1:
MBCCH frequencies to be used for BALs : 70 channels
587,589,591,592,603,604,605,608,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,622,637,638,639,641,642,643,644
645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,689,691,695,697,705,706,707,709,710,735
38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61
BAL-99 : 31 channels
40,42,47,48,49,54,56,59,61,592,604,637,641,642,643,645,647,648,649,652,654,658,660
587,589,591,603,605,608,611,612

Day 2:
MBCCH frequencies to be used for BALs : 70 channels
587,589,591,592,603,604,605,608,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,622,637,638,639,641,642,643,644
645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,689,691,695,697,705,706,707,709,710,735
38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61
BAL-99 : 31 channels
40,42,47,48,49,54,56,59,61,592,604,637,641,642,643,645,647,648,649,652,654,658,660
613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620

Creation of BAL for BTS 99 (S979ANENE1)


Day 3:
MBCCH frequencies to be used for BALs : 70 channels
587,589,591,592,603,604,605,608,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,622,637,638,639,641,642,643,644
645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,689,691,695,697,705,706,707,709,710,735
38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61
BAL-99 : 31 channels
40,42,47,48,49,54,56,59,61,592,604,637,641,642,643,645,647,648,649,652,654,658,660
622,638,639,644,646,650,651,653

Day 4:
MBCCH frequencies to be used for BALs : 70 channels
587,589,591,592,603,604,605,608,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,622,637,638,639,641,642,643,644
645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,689,691,695,697,705,706,707,709,710,735
38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61
BAL-99 : 31 channels
40,42,47,48,49,54,56,59,61,592,604,637,641,642,643,645,647,648,649,652,654,658,660
655,687,689,691,695,697,705,706

Creation of BAL for BTS 99 (S979ANENE1)


Day 5:
MBCCH frequencies to be used for BALs : 70 channels
587,589,591,592,603,604,605,608,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,622,637,638,639,641,642,643,644
645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,689,691,695,697,705,706,707,709,710,735
38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61
BAL-99 : 31 channels
40,42,47,48,49,54,56,59,61,592,604,637,641,642,643,645,647,648,649,652,654,658,660
707,709,710,735,38,44,51,52

Day 6:
MBCCH frequencies to be used for BALs : 70 channels
587,589,591,592,603,604,605,608,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,622,637,638,639,641,642,643,644
645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,657,658,660,687,689,691,695,697,705,706,707,709,710,735
38,40,42,44,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61
BAL-99 : 31 channels
40,42,47,48,49,54,56,59,61,592,604,637,641,642,643,645,647,648,649,652,654,658,660
53,55,57,58

Measurements needed by BAL Rotation


The following measurements must be activated before starting BAL Rotation. These are:
1.) Channel Finder
2.) Defined Adjacent Cell (DAC)
During dedicated mode, the mobile reports 6 strongest BCCH carriers that can be found on the
serving cells BA List (BAL).
If the measured BCCH carrier does not belong to the serving cells adjacency list, the
measurement report will go to PM datas Channel Finder table.
If the measured BCCH carrier belongs to the serving cells adjacency list, the measurement
report will go to PM datas Defined Adjacent Cell table.

How measurement reports are classified


Measurement reports are stored as I / C values (ICR) into 3 different classifications depending on
the thresholds set.
Below is an example on how I / C is computed assuming that all BSIC are decoded.
Serving cell is 10979 and mobile is camped on
BCCH channel 639.

Top 6 strongest BAL BCCH carriers ( I ):


649 -75dBm
687 -88dBm
622 -90dBm
649 -92dBm
647 -94dBm
655 -98dBm
The I / C value (ICR) would be the following:
10979 > 30314 -75 - -80 = +5dB
10979 > 20314 -88 - -80 = -8 dB
10979 > 10314 -90 - -80 = -10 dB
10979 > 30912 -92 - -80 = -12 dB
10979 > 10912 -94 - -80 = -14 dB
10979 > 20912 -98 - -80 = -18 dB

622

649

Signal strength of Serving Cell ( C )


639 -80dBm

639
658

687

314MTROP
643

979ANENE

649

647
655

912PNRSN

How measurement reports are classified


The BSC allocates or stores the measured ICR values as shown below

ICR

n1

n2

n3

ICR < DB1

ICR between DB1 and DB2

ICR > DB2

DB1

DB2

DB1 and DB2 are threshold parameters when activating the channel finder and defined adjacent
cell measurements. The current values that we used for DB1 is -15dB and for DB2, it is 0dB.
Only n2 and n3 column values are considered to have influence on serving cells BCCH carriers.
Going back to the previous example,
10979 > 30314 -75 - -80 = +5dB
10979 > 20314 -88 - -80 = -8 dB
10979 > 10314 -90 - -80 = -10 dB
10979 > 30912 -92 - -80 = -12 dB
10979 > 10912 -94 - -80 = -14 dB
10979 > 20912 -98 - -80 = -18 dB
Antenna or radiation pattern of Cell ID 20912 does not affect 10979s because its ICR value falls
on column n1. Antenna of 30314 has the greatest effect on 10979s antenna therefore cochannel frequency assignment must be avoided.

Blind spots
There are cases that the BSIC cannot be decoded because of interference. In this case, a
simple prediction must be made to determine the real source of interference. Distance and theta
angle is considered.
In this example, the mobile cannot
determine where channel 636 is coming
from and what cell it belongs to. By
making simple prediction, it can be
determined that cell id 30314 is the real
source of interference because of its angle
and distance from 10979.

622

636
639
658

687

314MTROP
643

BSIC = 43

979ANENE

636

647
655

912PNRSN
BSIC = 43

Theta Angle
This is total interfering cell radiation angle between the two cells as shown below

=+