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Conducting An Effective

An introduction to the Five Step Process of Job Hazard Analysis


(JHA)

OR-OSHA 103
0201

Presented by
The Public Education Section
Oregon Occupational
Safety and Health
Division (OR-OSHA)

Welcome
Goals
Given the information and exercises in
this workshop, you will be able to:
1. Explain to others why JHAs
are important
2. Recognize how the JHA
may be a valuable training
tool.
3. Know the five-step process
and complete a JHA

Lets get to work!

Introductions !
Form Teams

Elect a team leader


Select a spokesperson
Everyone is a recorder

Whats a Job?
Whats a Hazard?
What is Analysis?
Why is a JHA more effective than a
walk-around inspections in reducing
accidents in the workplace?

Why Job Hazard Analysis Is Important

Workers in their first year with their


employer account for more than
50% of the accepted disabling claims.

Why? ( list three possible


explanations )

Effective JHAs help the employer


recognize and control hazards and
exposures in the workplace.

How might the employees


perception of a hazard differ
from that of the employer?
What is an exposure?

Probability is defined as: the chance that a


given event will occur.
Oregon OSHA requires Compliance Officers to
determine the probability based on the
following:
* The number of employees exposed;
* The frequency and duration of
exposure;
* The proximity of employees to the
danger zone;
* Factors which require work under stress;
* Lack of proper training and supervision
or improper workplace design; or
* Other factors which may significantly
influence the degree of probability of an
accident occurring.

They are also required to express their finding


as a probability rating.
The probability rating is:
Low - If the factors considered
indicate it would be unlikely that an
accident could occur;
Medium - If the factors considered
indicate it would be likely that an
accident could occur; or
High - If the factors considered
indicate it would be very likely that
an accident could occur.

Severity is defined as: the degree of injury


or illness which is reasonably predictable.
Compliance Officers are also required to
determine the severity and express it based on
the following schedule:
Other Than Serious - Conditions
that could cause injury or illness to
employees but would not include
serious physical harm. (first aid for
example)
Serious Physical Harm (example: all recordable injuries
and illnesses)
Death

Decision Making Matrix


Severity

P r o b a b ility

Other Serious
Than Physical
Serious Harm

Death

Low

Medium

44

High

Example 1

Severity

P r o b a b ility

Other Serious
Than Physical
Serious Harm

Death

Low

Medium

High

Example 1

The Steps In The JHA Process

Step One - Watch the work


being done

What are some effective methods to watch the


work being done?

Why is it important to involve the employee?

Why is a fix-the-system culture so important


to the JHA process?

Group Exercise: Analyze These Jobs!


Painting A Room:

Packing & Stacking Cartons:

Backing A Dump Truck:

Work Processing:

Cutting Wood On A Table Saw:

Step Two - Break the job down


into steps

Step 1.

Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet


JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________


Step 1._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 2.

Step 2._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 3.

Step 3._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 4._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 5._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 4.
Note:

Group Exercise
Fill in the top section and then break the
assigned job down into steps. Use the
bottom of this page and continue on to the
next page if necessary.

Step Three - Describe the hazards in


each step of the task.
One of the primary purposes of the JHA is to make
the job safer. The information gathered in this
step will be valuable in helping to eliminate and/or
reduce hazards associated with the job, and
improve the system weaknesses that produced
them.

Accident Types

Group Exercise
Using the worksheet(s) from Step 2 fill
in the hazards that are associated with each
step of the job. If the step is free of
hazards then go on to the next step of the
job.

Step Four - Control


Measures
It is now time to identify the desired control
measures for each hazard. These controls are to
be entered in the section titled Control Measures
on the worksheet.

Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet


JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________


Step 1._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 2._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 3._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 4._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 5._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

The Hierarchy
of Controls
Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet
JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________


Step 1._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 2._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 3._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Engineering
controls.
Management
controls.

Step 4._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 5._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Personal
Protective
Equipment
(PPE).

Group Exercise
Using the worksheet(s) from Step 2 fill in the
control measure for each hazard that was
identified in the last exercise.

Step Five - Safe Operating


Procedure
The Safe Operating Procedure is the last page of
the JHA. It is a narrative or written summary of
the JHA worksheets. Note that there are three
sections:
Safe Operating Procedure
JHA Number: _______________
Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________
Employee Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________

Group Exercise
Using the Safe Operating Procedure
form on the next page, and referring to the
worksheet(s) from Step 2, write a
narrative or written summary of the JHA.
Safe Operating Procedure
JHA Number: _______________
Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________
Employee Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________

Performance Measurement Summary

Optional - Performance
Measurement Summary
The Performance Measurement Summary gives
the supervisor one more communication tool.
This summary would be used in conjunction with
the JHA worksheet and the Safe Operating
Procedure to help ensure that the worker and the
supervisor are in agreement regarding what is
expected of the worker and what will happen as
the result of a performance evaluation.
JHA Number: _______________
Performance Measurement Summary:
The job description: ______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Operational Guidelines: _____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Hazards Identified: ___________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Hazards Control Procedures: __________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Supervisors Expectation: ______________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Method(s) Of Performance Measurement: ________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Consequences (positive & negative): ______________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________
Employee Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________

The following page is an example of a complete


Performance Measurement Summary.

Masters for Copy


Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet
Safe Operating Procedure
Performance Measurement Summary

Please Complete The Evaluation


Department of Consumer and Business Services
Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division (OR-OSHA)
Workshop Evaluation
Workshop Title: _________________________________ Date: __________ Instructor: __________________

WE VALUE YOUR COMMENTS


Management

Worker
Agree

Disagree

1. I found the course information easy to understand and useable.


2. The information I learned today will help me reduce hazards and prevent
work-related injuries and illnesses at my workplace.
3. The course materials (workbooks, overheads, slides, etc.) were helpful.
4. Please rate the overall effectiveness of this workshop in helping you to reduce your safety and health problems:
...Very Effective...
10

...Not Effective...
7

Comments:

1. The instructor provided quality training (relevant, interesting, applicable, etc.)


and was knowledgeable about occupational safety and health.
2. The instructor was able to answer questions adequately or make an appropriate
referral.
3. The instructor encouraged participation.
4. Please rate the overall effectiveness of the instructor in helping you to reduce your safety and health problems:
...Very Effective...
10

...Not Effective...
7

Comments:

Facility Comments:

Thank You !